How can I understand German sentences for a long time?

Understand sentences

In order to be able to understand sentences correctly, they have to be in the correct order. This order is called the structure and the individual parts of the sentence are called clauses.

The Normal position of the clauses in German main clauses is:

Subject - predicate - objects

For Constructed clauses / subordinate clauses a different order applies, here it is predicate of the sentence in the End position, i.e. at the end of the sentence.
A clause or subordinate clause cannot stand alone, it is based on the main clause.

Connect sentences together

Main clauses are through Conjunctions connected with each other. Conjunctions are small words, the main clauses:

  • co-ordinate / assign = and, or, because, yes, etc.

Subordinate clauses are created by conjunctions:

  • subordinate = that, because, as, if, etc.

Second order subordinate clauses

Subordinate clauses second order can one Subordinate clause of higher order be subordinate!

Peter goes to school, which he actually doesn't like because he is constantly having trouble with the teachers.

main clause 1st order subordinate clause Second order subordinate clause
Peter goes to school
that he actually doesn't like,
because he is constantly in trouble with the teachers.

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Main clause + subordinate clause + subordinate clause

Or there is the combination of main clause + subordinate clause + subordinate clause assigned:

I went home because I was hungry and wanted to read a book.

main clause 1st order subordinate clause Second order subordinate clause
I went home,
because I was hungry and wanted to read a book.