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The new Pauly

Get accessSubject:Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).


Der Neue Pauly - published in print by Metzler Verlag - is the most complete and most authoritative modern encyclopedia of the ancient world currently available. In nearly 20,000 entries it covers two thousand years of history and culture of Greco-Roman Antiquity and the reception of this in the two thousand years that followed. This unique reference work is also available in print and online asBrill’s New Pauly.

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Moabite

(71 mots)

Author (s):Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen)

[German version] Language of the inhabitants of Moab south of the Dead Sea; is closest to Hebrew. The M. is indicated by a 34-line inscription. of King Meša of Moab (approx. 850 BC) from near Diban (KAI 181) and through seal inscription. handed down. Canaanite; Semitic languages ​​Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen) Bibliography A. Dearman (Ed.), Studies in the Mesha Inscription and Moab, 1989 W.R. Garr, Dialect Geography of Syria-Palestine, 1000-586 B.C.E., 1985.

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Moab, Moabitis

(569 mots)

Author (s):Podella, Thomas (Lübeck)

[German version] (hebr. môāb; Äg. mb; akkad. ma--a-ba, ma-a-ba, mu-a-ba; LXX Μωαβ; Ios. ant. Iud. 1.205 Μώαβος; Ios. passim Μωαβῖται). Term for land, state and people east of the Dead Sea between Ammon [2] in the north and Edom in the south. The earliest references can be found in par. Texts of Ramses II., A relief representation with inscriptions. at the temple of Luxor, then especially in the OT, in the inscr. of moabit. King Meša (KAI 181) and in Neuassyr. Swell. The etymology of the name is uncertain. Settlement is already paleolithic, from the late Brz. B to the Iron Age I ...

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Furniture

(2 420 mots)

Author (s):Eberle, Martin

Eberle, Martin [German version] A. Early and High Middle Ages (500-1250) (RWG) The few surviving examples of early and high MA are mostly chairs that, in addition to their use as Seat M. v. a. are to be seen as a sign of dignity of the owner. Both the design and the use point to ant. Role models. A distinction must be made here between the type of (Greek) thrónos or of (roman) solium, the (Greek) klismós or the (roman) cathedra and the Faldistory. As early ma. Example of that solium be the Cathedra Sancta Petri (Rome, St. ...

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Furniture

(1 353 mots)

Author (s):Cholidis, Nadja (Berlin) | Veigel, Isabell (Berlin) | Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg)

[German version] I. Old Orient M. can be used for the old Orient since the 6th millennium BC. can be proven, for example in the portrait of a female figure from Çatal Hüyük, who is enthroned on a chair flanked by felids. However, more well-founded statements are only available from the 3rd millennium BC onwards. possible to be added as written sources. From the M., mostly made of wood, reed, textile wickerwork or leather, hardly anything has survived in the Middle East due to the aggressive climate. Precious individual pieces could ...

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mobility

(1 176 mots)

Author (s):Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)

[German version] A. Definition The term spatial and social M. means the - voluntary or involuntary - movement of people or social groups from one position to another: in geogr. Space (usually place of residence) [1] or within a social structure (social center) [2. 224-234; 3. 572-576]. The transmission of this mod. Conceptual on histor. Conditions require great caution. In the Ant. There was no idea or concept of the mod. Definitely ...

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Mochlos

(113 mots)

Author (s):Saturday, Holger (Stuttgart)

[German version] (Μόχλος). Small island on the NE coast of Crete in the SE of the Gulf of Mirabello. The island was probably connected to the mainland in the ancient world by an isthmus. Rich finds from Minoan necropolises document considerable wealth. M. also had conditions in Roman (remains of walls and towers) and Byz. Time. On the mainland side there are Roman fish tanks under the surface of the water. Sonnabend, Holger (Stuttgart) Bibliography H. Beister, s.v. M., in: Lauffer, Greece, 439 J.W. Myers et al., Aerial Atlas of Ancient Crete, 1992, 186-193 I.F. Sanders, Rome ...

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Modalism

(29 mots)

Author (s):May, Gerhard (Mainz)

[German version] The term M., probably already used in the 2nd half of the 17th century, was finally introduced by A. von Harnack as a sub-term for monarchianism. May, Gerhard (Mainz)

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Modares

(84 mots)

Author (s):Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)

[German version] According to Zosimos (4,25,2-4) Goth from royal family (relative of Athanaric [2. 189f.]), Converted to the Romans, received a military command and shortly afterwards (380 AD .?) in Thrace one of Zosimos' probably exaggerated [2. 77f.] success against plundering Goths. Two letters from Gregorios [3] of Nazianzen (epist. 136 and 137) are to M. as magister militum judged who was Christian but not Arian [1. 388]. Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 F. Paschoud, Zosime, Vol. 2.2, 1979, 387f. 2 P. Heather, Goths and Romans, 1991.

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Fashion

(2 476 mots)

Author (s):Reichel, Andrea

Reichel, Andrea [German version] A. Introduction (RWG) The question of the reception of the ant. M. causes the question of the reception of the ant. Art. Their testimonies, the plastic works, frescoes, mosaics, the terracottas and vase paintings are what give our image of the clothes M. of the Greco-Roman Shaping antiquity. Due to the small number of original pieces that have been preserved, costume history is largely dependent on art history beyond the MA in order to determine the quality and style.

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Model / cork model

(931 mots)

Author (s):Gottwald, Franziska

Gottwald, Franziska [German version] A. Types and functions (RWG) M. (it .: modello): True to the original, scaled down, three-dimensional architectural representation made of different materials (plaster, wood, metal, clay, etc.) [1]. Symbolic M. are already in ancient Egypt and in the classical Ant. (Votive M.) and existed during the MA as founder M. in christl. Context further [2]. The early reindeer. (from 1350) developed the M. for design purposes (planning, presentation M.) [5]; ...

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Moderator

(97 mots)

Author (s):Groß-Albenhausen, Kirsten (Frankfurt / Main)

[German version] In the Spätant. summarizing term for the provincial governors who with the Clarissimat ( vir clarissimus ) were provided (Cod. Theod. 1,10,8, etc.), similar rector, iudex. From Justinianus AD 535 m. for the first time as a real official title for governors of certain Prov. in the rank of one spectabilis (Farm title) used ( m. Justinianus Helenoponti, Nov. 28, Phoniciae ad Libanum, Edict. 4, Arabiae, Nov. 102); this had civil and military authority. Occasionally one finds m. also as a title of non-governor and even of the K ...

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Moderate

(196 mots)

Author (s):Frede, Michael (Oxford)

[German version] (Μοδέρατος) by Gades. New Pythagoreans, middle of the 1st century AD, author of a work on the Pythagoreans in 11 B. (Porph. Vita Pythagorica 48), to which perhaps all the news about him can be traced back. M. distinguishes more sharply than Numenios [6] between Pythagoras and Plato, whom he (like Aristotle, Speusippus, Xenocrates and Aristoxenus) accuses of having appropriated Pythagorean ideas in a way that made it easy for later authors to do what as typical pythagore ...

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Modern

(6 545 mots)

Author (s):Huber, Gabriele

Huber, Gabriele [German version] A. Introduction (RWG) In 1883 A. Böcklin (1827-1901) painted a picture with the title Odysseus and Calypso. Odysseus turns his back on the viewer, standing on the left edge of the picture and wrapped in a dark cloak, he seems to be gazing longingly into the distance. Soon he will build his raft that will bring him back to Ithaca. Calypso lies naked on a red cloth; she throws a longing look over her shoulder, but this is for the ignoring ho ...

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Modestinus Herennius

(338 mots)

Author (s):Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt / Main)

[German version] (also: Herennius M.). Roman jurist, pupil of Ulpianus (cf. Dig. 47,2,52,20), came from the bright east. Probably he was from AD 223 to AD 225. secretary a libellis of Alexander Severus and around 228 prefectus vigilum [4. 195f.]. A rescript of Gordianus' [3] III. (Cod. Iust. 3,42,5) of 239 follows his not to be despised ’ auctoritas as a respondent [3. 25f.]. It is doubtful that he gave the son of Maximinus [2] Thrax legal instruction (SHA Maximinus 27.5) [3. 118f.]. M. also wrote Responsa ("Expert opinion", 19 B.) which at a same ...

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Modestus

(226 mots)

Author (s):Franke, Thomas (Bochum) | Gutsfeld, Andreas (Münster)

[German version] [1] Sab (inius?) M. Governor of the Prov. Moesia Inferior in 241 AD, documented by Mz. of the city of Nicopolis [1. 504-518 No. 2040-2107]. Accordingly, he must have previously held the suffect consulate. Franke, Thomas (Bochum) Bibliography 1 F. Imhoof-Blumer (Ed.), The ant. Mz. Northern Greece, Vol. 1, 1898. PIR S 2 A. Stein, The Legates of Moesien, 1940, 100f. [German version] [2] Flavius ​​Domitius M. Praefectus praetorio Orientis, 369/370 to 378 (?) AD. Praefectus praetorio Orientis 369/370 to 378 (?) AD Coming from Arabia ...

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Modius

(526 mots)

Author (s):Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) | Schulzki, Heinz-Joachim (Mannheim)

Rom. Family name. [German version] [1] M., Q. Horse breeder Von Varro (rust. 2,7,1) listed as a respected horse breeder. Varro already likes his eloquent (probably invented) nickname Equicolus as Aequicolus have interpreted, so that later times invented a Septimus M. as the first equiculer king (lib. de praenominibus 1). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] M. Fabidius founder of the city of Cures Son of a virgin of the Aborigines, who appears in the area of ​​Reate in the sanctuary of Quirinus to dance, but then from divine. Entice ...

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mode

(273 mots)

Author (s):Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen)

[German version] has a twofold meaning in Roman law: On the one hand, it describes the “measure”, especially of land, on the other hand - according to the matter - the same as the mod. Term of the edition (in the case of a donation or a testamentary favor). M. agri (the property size) was the subject of one from Paul. sent. 2,17,4 known lawsuit ( actio de modo agri): If the price for a property was calculated according to the size of its area, the buyer could demand double the pro-rata price from the seller as a private penalty if it turns out ...

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