What are some of Gough Whitlam's quotes
This Vietnam War timeline was compiled by Alpha story writers. It spans the time from the gradual retreat of the Americans to the North Vietnamese victory and reunification. If you have an event, date, or schedule to suggest, please contact Alpha History.
January: The US Congress decides to withdraw all American troops from Vietnam by the end of the year.
January 4th: Talking about the war in Vietnam, Richard Nixon suggests that "the end is in sight".
January 6th: US Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird tells the media that Vietnamization is proceeding ahead of schedule.
February 8th: The government of South Vietnam announces that its troops have crossed the border to attack the enemy in Laos.
March 24th: The North Vietnamese Army (NVA) is said to have brought large quantities of artillery near the South Vietnamese border.
March 29th: Lieutenant William Calley is on charges of murder for his role in the Mein Lai Massacre. Calley is sentenced to life imprisonment, which is later reduced to 10 years. Four of Calley's colleagues are acquitted.
April 6th: The first all-South Vietnamese offensive, Operation Lam Son 719, fails with the loss of 8,000 men.
April 24th: More than 200,000 people take part in a protest march against the Vietnam War in Washington DC.
June: The New York Times begins publishing the 'Pentagon Papers': top secret documents leaked by Daniel Ellsberg.
June 15th: Nixon tries to prevent the further publication of the "Pentagon Papers" through legal action, which ultimately fails.
June 21st: After months of troop withdrawals, the number of US military personnel in Vietnam has fallen to 244,900.
June 22nd: The US Senate passes a resolution calling for the withdrawal of all American troops by the end of the year.
July 9th: American Security Advisor Henry Kissinger arrives in China to prepare for President Nixon's visit in the New Year.
August 18th: Australia and New Zealand announce plans to withdraw their troops from Vietnam.
October 3rd: South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu is elected President for another four years and triggers a wave of Viet Cong attacks.
November 12th: Richard Nixon informs the American press that the US combat troops only perform defensive tasks and leave the offensive to the ARVN.
November 29th: In Moscow, a delegation from North Vietnam signed an agreement with the Soviet government on the continuation of military and economic aid.
December 31st: 1971 ends with just over 156,000 U.S. military personnel still in Vietnam.
January 25th: Richard Nixon and Nguyen Van Thieu announce an eight-point peace plan for Vietnam. Your proposal is again rejected by Hanoi.
February 21st: Nixon begins a historic visit to communist China and meets with Mao Zedong and other Chinese leaders. His visit resulted in the US recognizing the Chinese government and restoring diplomatic relations.
March 10th: The 101st Airborne Division is the last full US division to withdraw from Vietnam.
March 23rd: American delegates, frustrated by delays and lack of cooperation from the North Vietnamese delegates, suspend the Paris peace negotiations.
March 30th: North Vietnamese armed forces start the Easter offensive and conquer South Vietnam near Khe Sahn. With only 6,000 US combat troops left in the country, defense is almost entirely left to the ARVN.
April 15th: President Nixon orders massive bombing raids against North Vietnam in retaliation for the Easter offensive.
April 15th: The escalation of fighting in Vietnam has sparked protests in the United States for several days. Hundreds of students are arrested.
April 27th: The Paris peace talks will continue.
May 4th: The Paris peace talks collapse again. US and South Vietnamese negotiators are pulling out, citing lack of progress.
May 11th: In South Vietnam, martial law is declared in response to increasing attacks by the Viet Cong and increasing panic.
May 22nd: Richard Nixon meets with the Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and asks him to bring the Soviet arms shipments back to North Vietnam. Brezhnev refuses.
June 17th: The Watergate Hotel in Washington DC has broken into. This marked the beginning of the Watergate scandal, which ended in 1974 with Nixon's resignation.
July 13th: The Paris peace talks will resume.
August: The last American ground forces are leaving Vietnam, leaving only pilots, medics and support personnel.
September 26th: Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese Le Duc Tho begin a series of secret meetings in Paris.
October: The Easter offensive in North Vietnam is finally stopped. it has gained territory, but it has also brought significant losses.
November 7th: Richard Nixon is re-elected as president, defeating Democratic candidate George McGovern, who promised to end the Vietnam War.
December 5th: A change of government in Australia with Labor leader Gough Whitlam elected Prime Minister. Whitlam was against the involvement of the Australian military in Vietnam.
December 18th: The US is launching Operation Linebacker II or the "Christmas bombs" against targets in North Vietnam.
January 7th: US Congress decides to ban further American military engagement in Vietnam despite intensified fighting
January 15th: As peace talks progress, President Nixon suspends all US air and sea strikes against North Vietnam.
January 27th: Representatives of the USA, South Vietnam, North Vietnam and the Viet Cong sign the Paris Peace Accords. Terms of the agreements include a 60-day ceasefire, the release of American prisoners of war, and the withdrawal of all U.S. military personnel from Vietnam.
February 6th: Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam officially recognizes the government of North Vietnam as the first Western leader. He also remembers all of the Australian military from South Vietnam.
March 8th: American Major Floyd Thompson, who has been a prisoner of war in North Vietnam for nine years, is released.
June 13th: Signatories of the Paris Peace Accords sign the Implementing Agreement and confirm that the conditions have been met.
July 1st: The amendment to the Case Church passed by the US Congress last month comes into force. This legislation prohibits further American combat missions in Vietnam, Laos or Cambodia without the approval of Congress. US aid to South Vietnam is halved from USD 2.2 billion to USD 1.1 billion.
July: American naval vessels clear mines from the Gulf of Tonkin and the North Vietnamese waterways.
August 14th: The US bombings in Cambodia have come to an end.
October: The US Congress passes the War Powers Act to limit the president's ability to wage war without a declaration of war by Congress. Richard Nixon vetoed the bill, but his veto is overridden by a two-thirds majority in Congress.
January 4th: The US Congress rejects Richard Nixon's request for increased military aid to South Vietnam.
July 1st: US military aid to South Vietnam will be reduced from USD 1.1 billion to USD 700 million.
August 8th: Richard Nixon resigns as president after the Watergate scandal. Gerald Ford becomes president.
December: The total US military personnel in Vietnam is estimated at 50 men, along with a Marine Corps garrison attached to the US embassy in Saigon.
December: The North Vietnamese Army (NVA) moves its 968th Division from Laos to South Vietnam. This is Hanoi's first build-up of troops in the south since the Paris Peace Accords were signed.
January 8th: The North Vietnam Politburo authorizes a full-scale invasion to occupy and "liberate" South Vietnam.
March 10th: The NVA begins its spring offensive with an attack on Ban Me Thuot in Dak Lak province.
March 24th: Quang Ngai and Hue both fall to the advancing NVA.
April 10th: President Gerald Ford: US $ 722 million military aid application to South Vietnam is rejected by Congress.
April 11th: Helicopters begin evacuating US and South Vietnamese personnel from the American embassy in Saigon.
April 17th: The Khmer Rouge take control of Cambodia.
April 21st: South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns and flees to Taiwan five days later. Its vice president, Tran Van Huong, is acting as interim president.
April 28th: ARVN General Duong Van Minh becomes the last President of South Vietnam.
April 29th: As NVA troops approach Saigon, US marines begin evacuating Americans, foreigners and some South Vietnamese officials from the city (Operation Frequent Wind).
April 30th: North Vietnamese forces conquer Saigon, ending the Vietnam War. The South Vietnamese government officially surrenders to the North Vietnamese and Vietnamese armed forces.
July 2nd: North and South Vietnam are formally united as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
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