What does architecture mean today
Architecture is the art of building. An architect draws and designs a building and then monitors on the construction site that everything comes out correctly. The term "architecture" is the translation of the Greek and Latin word for architecture.
The Roman engineer Vitruvius called architecture the "mother of all arts". It was more important to him than sculpture and painting. For him, the most important thing was that a building was stable, useful, and beautiful. He found these three principles to be all equally important. So an architect has to be able to do a lot. He is a technician, an artist and a manager. He has to draw plans, calculate the costs and negotiate with builders.
Very few architects still work for themselves today. Usually one speaks of architecture offices. Several people can exchange their ideas and distribute the work. Usually such offices have also specialized in one topic, for example schools or hospitals. They are very different. And an architecture firm that has not already had experience in a certain area hardly ever gets a large contract.
Architects also often take part in competitions. In the case of large construction projects, they are asked to present their plans. A jury decides which plan they think is the best. Then the winner is asked to carry out his plan.
Before the first draft, architects have to think carefully about what the building will be used for later. A new school doesn't just need classrooms, toilets and a gym. If it is to be an all-day school, he must plan rooms for eating, care and other common rooms. At a special needs school, he has to plan elevators and ramps for wheelchairs. A technical school needs laboratories and other special rooms.
Architects don't just plan buildings. For example, there is also landscape architecture, i.e. the design of landscapes and green spaces. Interior designers design the interiors, this includes furniture, curtains and many other things.
There are also other search results for “Architecture” from Blinde Kuh and Ask Finn.
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