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NLU. Institute for nature, landscape and environmental protection. Annotated course catalog
1 NLU Institute for Nature, Landscape and Environmental Protection Annotated Course Catalog FS 2008
3 Nature, Landscape and Environmental Protection (NLU) at the University of Basel The area of Nature, Landscape and Environmental Protection (NLU) is part of the Department of Environmental Sciences. The range of lectures is intended to convey the basics of current problems and issues in the scientific field of environmental protection as well as their practice-oriented implementation. NLU lectures are mainly designed as a supplement for students of the Bachelor courses in Geosciences and Biology, but can also be taken from other fields of study. In addition, en are also offered in master’s programs. Special information on the structure and guidelines for studying NLU can be found in the back of this booklet. The field of nature, landscape and environmental protection is divided into two professorships: NLU biology: Prof. Dr. Bruno Baur NLU Biogeography Prof. Dr. Peter Nagel Please refer to the Internet for additions and any changes: or 3
4 List of lectures with commentary B. Baur, P. Nagel Open NLU Colloquium “Basics and Applications in Nature, Landscape and Environmental Protection” Page 6 Part Biology B. Baur, Ch. Körner, Ecology and Nature Conservation Biology 7 B. Baur Seminar: New Research results and 8 methods in nature conservation biology A. Erhardt Native flora and fauna 8 A. Erhardt, H Introduction to flora and vegetation in the Basel region 9 Schneider, J. Stöcklin M. Nyffeler Biology of the spiders Part II 9 R. Rodewald Landscape aesthetics: 10 concept , Methods and practical relevance H.-P. Rusterholz Management of near-natural areas 10 H.-P. Rusterholz experimental planning and investigation methods in 11 of nature conservation biology S. Zschokke behavioral ecology 11 S. Zschokke introduction to human biology and human genetics II 12 for SLA students B. Baur literature work 12 B. Baur independent research 12 B. Baur et al plant biological, zoological and nature conservation studies ( Regio Basel) Coordination: B. Baur 15 Part Biogeography P. Nagel Discussion of current biogeographical 17 research / Current Topics in Environmental Sciences and Biogeography P. Nagel Excursions NLU-Biogeography 17 P. Nagel Animal Geography 18 J. Beck Planning and Statistical Evaluation 19 Biogeographical- ecological field studies I J. Beck planning and statistical evaluation 20 biogeographical-ecological field studies II M. Brancucci water insects as indicators for the 21 ecological water condition M. Glasstetter marine littoral ecology 21 Reutimann J. Heeb basics of the natural spatial structure 22 (introduction and excursion) S. H ock biotope mapping 23 B. Klausnitzer ecology of urban fauna 24 H. Lenzin urban structure and neophytes 24 S.P. Loader Laboratory Practical Molecular Biogeography I 25 S.P. Loader Laboratory Practical Molecular Biogeography II 25 4
5 R. Peveling Theory and Practice of Biological 26 Plant Protection S. von Fumetti Methods of River Ecology 26 (Biomonitoring) P. Nagel & Staff Project Work in Biogeography 27 P. Nagel & Staff Biogeographical Research 32 P. Nagel & Staff Biogeographical Research Methods 33 P. Nagel Instructions for independent scientific work 34 Guidance and structure of the NLU general course (training objectives / course content / organizational matters) 35 NLU as an elective area in the Bachelor course in Biology 37 NLU as an elective module in the Bachelor course in Geosciences (to be discontinued) 39 NLU in the Master of- Science courses 40 Contact persons / student advisory service 44 5
6 B. Baur, P. Nagel 1 CP Open NLU Colloquium Fundamentals and Applications in Nature, Landscape and Environmental Protection (with participants from offices, planning offices, etc.) NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Monday, h For the program and dates, see the notice board In this interdisciplinary event, external experts present and discuss various aspects of nature, landscape and environmental protection. Proof of performance The acquisition of the CP requires the preparation of an approx. 1-page protocol of one of the sessions by the student. Please enter it in the list on the 'black board'. More information in the secretariat. Program Please note the notice in the NLU institute or the website (section New / Info), February 2008 Prof. Dr. Jürg Stöcklin Botanical Institute, Schönbeinstrasse, Basel March 3, 2008 Dr. Martin Schütz WSL, Birmensdorf March 10, 2008 Dr. Anita Risch WSL, Birmensdorf April 7, 2008 Lukas Taxboeck Institute for Systematic Botany, University of Zurich May 19, 2008 Prof. Dr. Mark O. Rödel Biozentrum of the University of Würzburg May 26th, 2008 Prof. Dr. Antoine Guisan / Dorothea Pio Département d Ecologie et Evolution, Univ. Lausanne land use and biodiversity in the Alps: facts, perspectives, recommendations Red deer, chervil ant, vegetation and soil: interactions on Alp Stabelchod in the Swiss National Park Effect of animals on ecosystem C cycling diatoms Microflora and bioindicators in sources Tropical amphibian assemblages: diversity, structure, and functionality along habitat and disturbance gradients Spatial modeling and applications to biodiversity conservation 6
7 Part Biology B. Baur, Ch. Körner 2 CP Ecology and Nature Conservation Biology Institute for Organic Chemistry, St. Johanns-Ring 19, large lecture hall Wednesday 8-10 am First appointment: February 20, 2008 The lecture gives an introduction to ecology and Conservation Biology. Program demography, life history, tables of life B. Baur dispersal, migration, ecological niche, distribution pattern B. Baur population growth, competition, predation, herbivory B. Baur destructors, detritivory, parasitism, symbiosis, mutualism B. Baur choice of habitat, homing, reproductive system, choice of partner B. Baur sperm competition species-area relationships, theories of island societies, B. Baur rarity, genetic diversity, species and habitat diversity, B. Baur pattern of species richness, habitat change and destruction, B. Baur extinction causes, resources and limitation Ch. Grains, ecosystems and global material cycles Ch Körner habitat fragmentation, metapopulations, B. Baur sink and source populations B. Baur Techniques and instruments in nature conservation B. Baur 2nd hour: Questions about the exam Written exam (45 min.) B. Baur / Ch distributed 7
8 Comments The final written exam takes place on Wednesday,, from o'clock. The two lecturers ask questions about their respective lecture material (no multiple-choice questions are asked). Contact B. Baur 1 CP seminar: New research results and methods in nature conservation biology NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Friday h First appointment: February 22, 2008 Students present current and planned research work. Different research approaches are discussed and optimal (also practically feasible) solutions are sought. In addition, newly published research papers are presented and discussed. Program as posted on A. Erhardt 2 CP Indigenous flora and fauna (internship) Botanical Institute, Schönbeinstrasse 6, internship room 2 hours by arrangement Preliminary discussion: Thursday, February 28, 2008, h, NLU building (St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10), Lecture hall introduction to the variety of native plants and animals with identification exercises and excursions. Literature BINZ, A. & HEITZ, C. (1990) School and excursion flora for Switzerland, 19th edition. Further references in the course Comments No special requirements 8
9 J. Stöcklin, A. Erhardt, H. Schneider 3 CP Introduction to flora and vegetation in the region Botanical Institute, Schönbeinstrasse 6 and excursions By appointment Preliminary discussion: Thursday, March 13, 2008, h, Botanical Institute, Schönbeinstrasse 6 Comments Introduction: half day Exercises: 3 half-day and 3 full-day excursions Keeping a field book by M. Nyffeler 1 CP Biology of Spiders II NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Wed first date: February 20, 2008 The lecture is based on Biology of Spiders I ( HS 2007), where, after an introduction to general biology, the students were introduced to various orthognathic and labidognathic web-building spider families. Biology of Spiders II (FS 2008) deals with the behavior and ecology of labidognathic, netless spiders (Lycosidae, Pisauridae, Salticidae, Thomisidae, etc.); representative species from these families should be presented on the basis of slides in the picture. Then the function of the spiders in the household of nature (as predators of phytophagous / saprophagous insects, as food for birds, their importance for energy flow and biodiversity, their use in biological pest control) will be analyzed. Literature BELLMANN, H. (1997 or 2001) Kosmos-Atlas Arachnids of Europe. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart. FOELIX, R.F. (1996) Biology of Spiders (2nd edn.). Oxford University Press, New York. Remarks Prerequisite: Attendance of Spider Biology Part I. Condition for credit points: Attendance of 80% of the lecture and a 30-minute written examination. For biology students, the grade on biology 5 can be credited. 9
10 R. Rodewald 1 CP Landscape Aesthetics Concept, methods and practical meaning NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall in blocks by arrangement Preliminary discussion: Tuesday, February 19, 2008, h lecture hall The term landscape is closely related to aesthetics, that is connected to sensual perception. What is this connection based on? How can the aesthetic quality be methodically recorded and evaluated? What is the significance of landscape aesthetics in current law, in the concrete balancing of interests in connection with landscape interventions and in landscape planning? The event provides an overview of the theory and practice of landscape aesthetics based on concrete examples. Objective To get to know the principles and concepts of landscape aesthetics and gain an overview of the meaning, the methods and possible applications. Literature HUNZIKER, M. (2006) Perception and assessment of landscape qualities a literature review, in: Landscape qualities (KM Tanner, M. Bürgi, T. Coch, eds.), Haupt, Bern KAPLAN, R. & KAPLAN, S. (1989) The experience of nature: A psychological perspective. Cambridge, University Press. RODEWALD, R. (1999/2001) Longing for landscape - landscape design from an aesthetic point of view, Chronos Verlag, Zurich. Remarks The lecture is supplemented by two small excursions. H.-P. Rusterholz KP Management of near-natural areas (Recreation Ecology) NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall 2 hours or block course (by arrangement) Preliminary discussion: Thursday, February 21, 2008, h, Rittersaal Near-natural habitats, such as rough meadows or open forests, are among the most species-rich habitats in Switzerland. Recently, not only has the way of cultivation been changed, but these near-natural areas are under great pressure to use from those looking for relaxation. This creates a conflict situation between recreation and conservation of the biodiversity of these habitats. The following topics 10
11 are dealt with in the: Near-natural habitats: function and special features. Influence of the pressure to relax on near-natural habitats. Human perception of nature. Economic aspects of nature conservation and management of near-natural areas. These topics are illustrated and deepened on the basis of specific research projects and excursions. Literature LIDDLE, M. (1997) Recreation Ecology. Chapman and Hall, London. BAUR ET AL. (2003) Leisure activities in the Basel forest: ecological effects and economic consequences. H.-P. Rusterholz Internship: Design of experiments and investigation methods in nature conservation biology 2 credits NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Preliminary discussion: Wednesday, February 20, 2008, lecture hall The aim of this block course is the lecture of experimental planning and investigation methods in nature conservation biology (takes place in the fall semester) theoretical knowledge gained to practice using the example of one's own projects. Literature KREBS, C. (1999) Ecological Methods. Benjamin Cummings, California. Further literature is presented. Contact S. Zschokke 2 CP Behavioral Ecology NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Di h Introductory lecture (2 pm-3pm): February 19, 2008 This lecture gives an introduction to the area of behavioral ecology of animals. Behavioral ecology is the science of studying the effects of an individual's behavior on their fitness. The lecture deals with optimal foraging, predator-prey relationships, group life, fighting strategies & communication, sexual selection and sexual conflict, mating systems, reproductive strategies, social interactions, helper systems and eusocial insects. 11
12 Literature KREBS, J.R. & DAVIES, N.B. (1993) An Introduction to Behavioral Ecology Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 420 pp. Comments Written examination at the end of the semester S. Zschokke 2 CP Introduction to human biology and human genetics II for SLA students NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Wed first date: February 20, 2008 This lecture conveys together with the lecture Introduction to Human Biology and Human Genetics I an introductory overview of human biology. This lecture discusses nutrition, digestion, excretion, water balance, circulation, respiration, health, histology, cell biology and human genetics. Literature BAUER, E.W. (2000). Human biology. Cornelsen Verlag, Berlin. B. Baur, Th. Boller, Dieter Ebert, Christian Körner, Walter Salzburger, Andres M. Wiemken Project: Literature work 2 CP and B. Baur, Th. Boller, Dieter Ebert, Christian Körner, Walter Salzburger, Andres M. Wiemken Project: Independent research 2 credits Place and time: 5 days, by arrangement In addition to the topics listed, your own ideas can also be implemented as literature / research work. Students with their own ideas can contact Bruno Baur or Andreas Erhardt. The workload of a project depends mainly on the interest and motivation of the students. We expect a (field) work of about 5 days including the writing of a 3 6-page report. 12th
13 Possible topics Nature conservation biology (B. Baur et al.) Species conservation and zoo biology in the Basel Zoological Garden: Various projects (co-supervision by experts in the Zolli. Requirement: attendance of the 'Introduction to zoo biology'). Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Bruno Baur Desiccation tolerance of the invasive mussel Corbicula sp. (Field work and laboratory experiment, from April 2008). Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Bruno Baur Characterization of the habitat of a Jura demite: The land snail Trichia caelata. Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Bruno Baur Distribution of relict rock plants in the Jura in Basel (e.g. Allysum montanum or Primula auricula). Fieldwork from March Suitable for 2-3 students Information: Hans-Peter Rusterholz Historical and current distribution of some plant species in the Jura in Basel. Fieldwork from March Suitable for 2-3 students Information: Hans-Peter Rusterholz Assessment of the distribution of light-loving plant and animal species in Baselbiet forests (fieldwork from April / May 2008). Suitable for 3-4 students. Information: Hans-Peter Rusterholz Acquisition and analysis of spatial patterns of individuals from different plant species. Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Peter Stoll Competitive and neighborhood models (various types of work with an existing simulation model are possible). Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Peter Stoll Risk analysis and horizontal gene transfer. Literature work to develop data for matrix models of potential problem weeds. Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Peter Stoll Risk analysis of possible gene transfers from cultivated to related wild plant species (literature and / or simulation studies). Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Peter Stoll 13
14 Bat biology Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Jürgen Gebhard Possible topics Biodiversity (B. Baur et al.) Frequent and rare invertebrates in Switzerland: spatial distribution and habitat preferences (literature review, individual students can work on one group of animals each) Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Bruno Baur Influence of the glandular jellyfish, an invasive plant species, on indigenous invertebrates (field work and / or laboratory experiments, from May 2008) Suitable for 2-3 students Information: Bruno Baur Assessment of the ecomorphology in different water sections around Basel (cantons BS, BL, JU). Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Daniel Küry Changes in fauna and flora after river revitalization. Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Daniel Küry Influence of leisure activities on the biodiversity of near-natural habitats: Various projects that take biological and sociological aspects into account are possible. From March Suitable for 2-3 students. Information: Hans-Peter Rusterholz and Bruno Baur Effects of central forest management on the herbaceous layer and the diversity of mosses and invertebrates. Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Bruno Baur Possible topics Flower biology (A. Erhardt) Interactions between plants and butterflies (herbivory, pollination biology). Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Andreas Erhardt Pollination and reproductive biology of endangered plant species. Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Andreas Erhardt Tagfalter inventory of the freight yard area of the Deutsche Bundesbahn at Badischer Bahnhof (from spring 2008).Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Andreas Erhardt 14
15 Butterfly monitoring in the Reinacher Heide (from spring 2008). Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Andreas Erhardt Butterfly inventories in nature reserves (from spring 2008). Suitable for 1-2 students. Information: Andreas Erhardt Investigation of the habitat use of endangered butterflies. Suitable for 1-2 students Information: Andreas Erhardt B. Baur 1 CP Field Studies: Plant Biology, Zoological and Nature Conservation Studies (Basel region) Offered by all lecturers in the Department of Biology (coordination: B. Baur) Various locations in the region 5 days or 10 half-days For more detailed information, please see the notice boards or on the Internet: Date Head Title Comment J. Meier Tiergarten Biological Excursions Basel Zoo Whole Day Registration required V. Wiemken, Dick and thin Plant Biological Studies I T. Boller H.-P. Rusterholz Felsflühe: Very Special Habitats V. Wiemken, Blooming and Wilting Plant Biological Studies II T. Boller A. Hänggi, A. Bolzern, D. Gloor H.-P. Rusterholz The spider fauna of the Allschwil forest Forests in metropolitan areas Registration required (alternative date:) Summary of the natural areas. Outline, and flora and vegetation of the Basel region G. Armbruster molluscs in the Petite Camargue V. Wiemken, Healthy and Ill Plant Biological Studies III T. Boller V. Wiemken, T. Boller Fat and lean Registration compulsory Plant Biological Studies IV U. Hofer, Amphibians compulsory in the registration D. Küry Region Basel JP Vacher, reptiles in the region Registration required 15
16 S. Ursenbacher V. Wiemken, T. Boller Alsace Light and Shadow Plant Biology Studies V J. Gebhard Bats in the City Registration is mandatory Max 25 participants G. Armbruster Molluscs Gorges de Registration is mandatory Court (Jura) D. Küry Dragonflies of the Region Registration is desired Basel (spring species) K. Hartmann Hirschkäfer & Co. Registration desired between S. Zschokke spiders and their webs D. Küry Dragonflies of the region Registration desired Basel (autumn species) V. Wiemken, T. Boller Umbrellas and nets Registration required Plant biology studies VI H.-P. Invasive plant species I Rusterholz V. Wiemken, Bunt und Braun Plant Biological Studies VII T. Boller K. Blassmann, K. Gatzsch Stem, leaves no flowers (more) Registration desired 16
17 Part Biogeography J. Beck, S.P. Loader, P. Nagel 2 CP Seminar: Discussion of current biogeographical research / Current Topics in Environmental Sciences and Biogeography NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, Rittersaal Thursday h first date: February 21, 2008 Course Presentation and discussion of current and description planned diploma, master or PhD theses and of current or planned research. In addition, we discuss environmental problems drawn from the daily news. Also, important recent scientific publications are presented and discussed. A considerable part of the topics is linked directly to Africa. Master students report on one or several research papers / s. The seminar is in English. Comments Guests welcome Information Office hours by appointment, contact or phone P. Nagel 1 KP Excursions NLU-Biogeographie / Field courses in Environmental Sciences and Biogeography See notices on the notice board, NLU building, EG See advance notice at notice-board: NLU- Building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, ground floor / Course description The 1/2 or 1-day excursions to institutions or landscapes in or near Basel are primarily for students of geosciences, life sciences and African Studies offered. The excursion destinations include the Basel Zoo, the Natural History Museum Basel, drinking water extraction areas and plants Lange Erlen and Hardt, wastewater treatment plant Basel, Dinkelberg, Jura or 1-day trips to institutions or areas in and around Basel with relevance to environmental sciences; of particular interest to students of African studies are the trips to the Zoological Garden and the Natural History Museum, but also other destinations may be of interest, such as the drinking water or waste water treatment plants. Comments Language: German (English on request) 17
18 Number of participants limited, normally to 15; Registration takes place at the earliest on the first day of the semester's lecture period (see notice) in the secretariat (max. 2 excursions per student), with a simultaneous payment of CHF 30 deposit (in grades of 20 and 10 per excursion). This will be paid back on the excursion. Deregistration: the students arrange for a replacement in good time and inform the secretariat of the name. 3 full days of excursion correspond to 1 CP with active participation. Consultation hours by arrangement, registration: or Language of instruction: German (English on request) Number of participants restricted (normally 15). Registration starting 1 st day of semester at the earliest (see notice board) at the secretary s office (max. 2 excursions per student), paying deposit of CHF 30 at the same time (banknotes of 20. and 10. per excursion). Reimbursement during the field course. Deregistrations: the students organize another student in time and inform the secretary. 3 days correspond to 1 CP (active participation). Office hours: by appointment, contact or P. Nagel 2 CP Lecture: Animal geography NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Thu first appointment: February 21, 2008 Lecture in which the patterns and processes are dealt with that are present today Determine the distribution of the animals in the terrestrial habitat. The focus is less on the recent ecological and more on the history of distribution (phylogenetic and landscape history) aspects. An overview of the regional animal geography is given. Selected transition areas and islands of different origins are specially treated (including St. Helena, Sexchellen). In addition to the basics of phylogenetic systematics and species formation, the various analysis methods of historical biogeography are discussed (including Phylogenetic B., Dispersion Centers-B., Pan-B., Vicariance-B., Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity). Structure and structure Scientific questions and specialist literature Global distribution patterns: animal kingdoms and animal regions Fundamentals of animal distribution (reconstruction of phylogenesis [systematics, taxonomy], spatial patterns of speciation) Composition, settlement and differentiation history of island saunas (with concrete examples: from Greenland to Madagascar) Reconstruction the history of distribution (area genesis) (strategies and methods: from the concept of centers of origin to phylogeography) 18
19 Literature BEIERKUHNLEIN, C. (2007). Biogeography. Stuttgart: Verlag Eugen Ulmer, 397 S. COX, C.B. & MOORE, P.D. (2005). Biogeography. An ecological and evolutionary approach. 7th edition. Blackwell Science, Oxford, XI pp. HUGGETT, R.J. (2004). Fundamentals of Biogeography. Second edition. London, New York: Routledge Publ., XVI pp. LOMOLINO, M.V., RIDDLE, B.R. & BROWN, J.H. & (2006). Biogeography. 3rd edition. Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland MA, XIII pp. SEDLAG, U. (1995) Animal Geography. Urania animal kingdom. Urania Verlag, Leipzig, 447 pp. ZUNINO, M., ZULLINI, A. (2004). Biogeography. La dimensione spaziale dell evoluzione. 2a edizione. Milano: Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, IX pp. Recommended prerequisites for participation The lecture builds on the introductory series of events System Earth and the subsequent basic lecture Biogeography and Applied Ecology. Acquisition of credit points At the end of the lecture period (usually the last regular lecture hour) there is a written performance review. Details will be given in the first lecture. Frequency of courses This lecture is offered every spring semester. J. Beck 2 CP Lecture with exercises: Planning and statistical analysis of biogeographical-ecological field studies I NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Wed h Preliminary discussion: Thursday, February 21, 2008, h, lecture hall NLU In this lecture one A number of procedures and concepts will be presented which are used specifically in the evaluation of biogeographical data. The focus should be on application (including software usage) and ecological interpretation, while the underlying mathematics is only touched upon as far as it is necessary for the interpretation of the results. Topics include: Concepts of α-, β- and,-diversity, and measured variables for them (diversity indices, extrapolation and interpolation of species richness) Handling of multidimensional data: ordination, cluster analysis, matrix correlations Multivariate analyzes, their strengths and sources of error Data with reference to location : the problem of spatial autocorrelation, related data: the problem of phylogenetic autocorrelation, significance and relevance: alternatives to the standard zero hypothesis test (effect sizes, meta-analysis and model selection) 19
20 Literature SOUTHWOOD & HENDERSON 2003: Ecological Methods (3rd ed .; Blackwell) Chapter. Learning objectives Overview of common evaluation methods in the field of biodiversity and biogeography, as well as their implementation on the computer. Participants should be able to understand the method part of a scientific essay in this area. Notes on performance assessment Short presentation and homework Prerequisites for participation Participants should be familiar with basic statistical concepts (e.g. mean, probability, correlation). Participants must be able to use Windows-based computer programs (e.g. Excel). Note This is limited to 10 participants. J. Beck 2 CP Lecture with exercises: Planning and statistical evaluation of biogeographical-ecological field studies II NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Wed h Preliminary discussion: Thursday, February 21, 2008, h, lecture hall NLU The event builds on the Topics of the course part I (VV-Nr), which is carried out together with part II. Here, specific evaluation problems in planned or ongoing research projects (e.g. master's theses) should be discussed and solved, provided that they are thematically related to Part I. Literature LEGENDRE & LEGENDRE NUMERICAL ECOLOGY (ELSEVIER). Learning objectives Building on the objectives of Part I, participants can use, interpret and present the evaluation methods in concrete scientific investigations, and present them in an understandable way. Notes on performance review Lecture and written presentation of analyzes on a specific topic. The text passages can ideally be used in the methodology and results part of the MSc thesis. 20th
21 Prerequisites for participation As for part I. In addition, participants must suggest a suitable topic (e.g. from their MSc thesis). Comment This is limited to 5 participants; preference is given to candidates with suitable topics of their own (master's theses). Please clarify with the lecturer in advance. Registration and contact Please inquire directly with the lecturer, stating the MSc topic. M. Brancucci 1 credit exercise: Water insects as indicators for the ecological state of the water NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, Rittersaal and grounds 1 hour by arrangement Preliminary discussion: see notice on notice board Registration: Entry in list on notice board, NLU -Building, ground floor A brief introduction to the systematics and biology of aquatic insects is given. Typical aquatic insects are observed on excursions and their significance as indicators is discussed. Determination exercises in the laboratory round off the course. Literature will be announced during the course. Remarks Can also be recognized as a working week or project work if the conditions are met. M. Glasstetter Reutimann 1 CP Lecture with exercises: Marine Litoralökologie NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall Wed 9-11 am First date: February 27, 2008 Further course dates:,,,,, Lecture-internal excursion (1 / 2 day): Appointment by arrangement The overlapping areas of sea and land, of oceans and continents or islands are among the most widespread ecotones in the whole world. The tides 21
22 are very pronounced on certain ocean coasts. With large tidal amplitudes and shallow coastlines, the area of the habitat increases, which is increasingly exposed to atmospheric influences at low tide; at high tide, this coastal zone is reintegrated into the marine area. The fixed forms of life in this intertidal zone, the marine littoral, have developed characteristic survival mechanisms as a reaction to the abiotic combinations of factors that affect them, which change over the course of the day and year. Physical factors such as rock type, coast shape and rock, formation and impact of tides, freshwater inflow and temperature, as well as chemical parameters such as salts and other dissolved substances influence the life forms of the coasts, their communities, their vertical and horizontal distribution. Rocky coasts, salt marshes, silt and sand mudflats, deltas, estuars, brackish water lagoons, mangrove coasts and biogenic reefs are discussed as living spaces, and their ecological sensitivity and problems are discussed. Another focus is the worldwide use of the coastal zones by people as settlers, economists, raw material miners or tourists, together with their local and global aspects of use and endangerment. The effects of global climate change on ocean temperature and sea level, and thus on all coastal human activities, are also discussed. Literature TARDENT, P. 1993: Marine biology. An introduction. Thieme, Stuttgart. 305 pp. Further literature will be discussed in the course. Individual keywords for additional reference and literature search on the sea coast littoral tides coral reef mangrove salt marshes sand mud flats mud flats wadden sea estuar river delta bird cliffs barnacles eulitoral sublittoral Corsica Corse Bretagne coastal tourism coastal ecology sea level rise global change. Attestation conditions - Attendance of the participants at all course dates (except serious illness, military service) - Obligatory participation in the lecture-internal excursion (1/2 day, Basel Zoo) - Sufficient grade in the written exam at the end of the course J. Heeb 2 CP Lecture: Basics the natural structure (introduction and excursion) NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10 and site Preliminary discussion: Wednesday, February 27, 2008, NLU Rittersaal - The excursion provides an overview of the main landscape areas in Switzerland. - The basics for the structure of the landscape areas from a geological, geomorphological, pedological, hydrological, climatological and vegetation-related point of view are conveyed. - Concrete situations are analyzed in the field and theoretical knowledge is applied. 22nd
23 Literature Will be presented at the preliminary discussion Contact S. Hock 1 CP Lecture with exercises: Biotope mapping NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, Rittersaal & grounds May 2008, approx. 5 p.m. (another afternoon by arrangement) Registration: Entry in List on the "bulletin board", NLU building, ground floor Introduction to currently used methods of biotope mapping as a basis for spatial planning and planning nature conservation. The focus of the is the collection of own practical experiences, i.e. the addressing of habitat types in the area and their demarcation and representation on the map. The data obtained are processed, evaluated and then presented to the group. The event takes place in a structured, diverse landscape section on the outskirts of Basel. Procedure 1st day: Mapping types and areas of application; joint preparation of the mapping and site inspection 2./3. Day: Testing of different methods in the field. Day 4: Presentation of the results by the students, final discussion Literature DELARZE, R., GONSETH, Y., GALLAND, P. (1999) Habitats of Switzerland. Ecology - endangerment - characteristics. Ott-Verlag, Thun. LANDESANSTALT FÜR UMWELTSCHUTZ BADEN-WÜRTTEMBERG (HRSG.) (2001) Species, biotopes, landscapes - keys to recording, describing, evaluating. Karlsruhe. (= Materials and news on nature conservation in Baden-Württemberg 5) Comments Proof of performance: Final report with map (group work) Can also be recognized as a work week or project work Please bring, if available: clipboard, wooden crayons, magnifying glass, identification literature for plants, weather and terrain-adapted ones Clothing, food and bicycles are an advantage. Contact Sybille Hock, Tel. 061 / or 23
24 B. Klausnitzer 1 CP Lecture: Ecology of the city fauna NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, lecture hall and urban area Basel One-week block course in summer (semester break) Preliminary discussion: Tuesday, February 26, 2008, h, lecture hall Ecological features of the city and The animal world Origin of the urban fauna (biogeographical and ecological aspects) Dependency of the fauna on habitat characteristics Adaptation of animals to urban conditions (synanthropy, urbanization) Urban structure and fauna (concentric model, habitat mosaic) Importance of cities for neozoa Important animal groups in the city (selection) Zoological nature conservation in the city, funding opportunities for animals, excursions and field exercises Literature KLAUSNITZER, B. (1993) Ecology of the Big City Fauna. 2. edit and exp. Ed., Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, 454 S. SUKOPP, H. (Ed.) (1998) Urban ecology: a textbook for study and practice (with contributions by H. P. Blume et al.). 2. revised and additional ed., Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, 474 p. Comments Can also be recognized as a working week, project work or regional internship if the conditions are appropriate. H. Lenzin 1 CP exercise: Urban structure and neophytes NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, Rittersaal & Terrain Block course by arrangement (planned weeks 19 and 20, or week 23) Preliminary discussion: Tuesday, February 19, 2008, h, Rittersaal NLU The course includes the qualitative and quantitative assessment of neophytes from the city of Basel.The data obtained in the field are processed using literature and form the basis for a joint final report. Getting to know the most important species and their spatial and geographical distribution in the city of Basel form the focus of the course. With appropriate care, the results can be incorporated into a publication and co-authorship of the participants can be considered. 24
25 Prerequisites Useful, but not compulsory: Successfully completed plant identification course, successfully completed basic course in geosciences with biology as a basic scientific subject or at least in the 3rd semester of the bachelor's degree in biology. Literature KOWARIK I., 2003: Biological invasions: neophytes and neozoa in Central Europe. Ulmer, Stuttgart. SUKOPP H & WITTIG R. (HRSG.), 1998: Stadtökologie, 2nd ed. G. Fischer, Stuttgart. WITTIG R., 2002: settlement vegetation. Ulmer, Stuttgart. Further literature will be presented at the beginning of the event. Comments Attestation or credit points are awarded on the basis of reliable and careful cooperation in the field and on the basis of active participation in the final report Can also be recognized as a working week or project work if there are appropriate requirements. Counts as an elective course of the elective module / elective subject NLU in the bachelor's degree courses in Geosciences and Biology be recognized as part of the (newly designed) project work (4 CP) as part of the bachelor's degree in Geosciences.Please bring with you for the field work, if available: clipboard, pencils, magnifying glass, identification literature for plants, weatherproof clothing, bicycle Loader KP Laboratory Practical Molecular Biogeography I Preliminary discussion: Thursday, February 21, 2008, h, lecture hall Learn about molecular genetic techniques (DNA extraction, PCR etc.) that are necessary to clarify historical processes in area system analysis (phylogenesis, phylogeography). Individual groups of animals such as Amphibians and beetles in the foreground. Contact S.P. Loader KP Laboratory internship molecular biogeography II This course is for Master students. Please directly contact Simon Loader for further information:
26 R. Peveling 3 CP Theory and Practice of Integrated Plant Protection Geography Building, Klingelbergstrasse 27, seminar room (ground floor) Time: three days after the end of the lecture (Monday, June 2 to Wednesday, June 4, 2008) or by arrangement. Comments: Registration for stay abroad and inquiries only by electronic mail to: This event, previously held under the title “Theory and Practice of Biological Plant Protection”, will be expanded in 2008 to include integrated plant protection. The focus is on integrative approaches to combating mass pests (locusts) and invasive pathogens (fruit flies) in the semi-arid regions of Africa and Central Asia. Among other things, the question of the extent to which climate change and other anthropogenic interventions have or could aggravate the problem and what approaches are available are being investigated. The event is mainly held as a lecture with current examples from the lecturer's working practice (sterile insect technology, bait and pheromone traps, cultivation and agronomic measures). In addition, "infestation scenarios" are designed and solution models are developed in small groups. A written presentation on a topic from the field of integrated and / or biological plant protection must be prepared as proof of performance. Literature Bibliography and presentation topics will be given out after the registration list has been completed. S. von Fumetti 1 CP Methods of River Ecology (Biomonitoring) NLU building, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10 / Rittersaal (2nd basement) and grounds Start: Wed, March 12th: approx. and: 9:15 am, another day by arrangement Registration: Entry in the list on the notice board, will be posted from the beginning of February; the number of participants is limited. This course gives an insight into common methods of river ecology that are used to monitor small rivers. In addition to the recording of fauna and chemical-physical parameters, structure mapping and assessment methods will also be dealt with. 26
27 Procedure: Brief introduction to river ecology, presentation of the measuring instruments and measuring methods and introduction to the work program in the field: application of what has been learned in the field in small groups: determination of the fauna, evaluation + half day n.a. Presentation of the results Literature SCHWOERBEL, J. (1999): Introduction to Limnology, G. Fischer, Stuttgart, 465 pp. (8th edition). SCHWOERBEL, J. (1994): Methods of Hydrobiology, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, 368 pp. (4th edition) BREHM, J. & MEIJERING, M. P.D. (1996): Fliessgewässerkunde, Quelle & Meyer Verlag, 302 pp. (3rd edition) Comments Proof of performance: Presentation of results, minutes Contact Stefanie von Fumetti, Tel or P. Nagel and staff 4 CP project work in biogeography Place and time: according to Agreement start: in principle at any time, but in detail depending on the topic Credit points Students of the licentiate and diploma courses with elective / minor subject NLU and BSc students who started the elective module NLU before the winter semester 2005/06: please inquire in a consultation hour according to the scope and implementation of a project work. and implementation of project work serves to provide training for independent implementation of scientific, often practice-relevant work (such as ecological assessments, biotope mapping, biotests, expert opinions, risk assessments, planning proposals). They are often also useful to prepare for a master’s thesis. The time required is around three weeks of field, literature and / or laboratory work and the subsequent writing of a written report (e.g. pages, possibly with a map, creation of a collection of documents or other documentation). The processing of the topic up to the end can be spread over the entire semester. Certain laboratory internships or field internships can also be counted as project work if they are appropriately structured. The processing areas available for selection include focal points such as urban ecology / ecology of the cultivated landscape, water ecology / water protection / 27
28 Water development, animal geography / nature conservation, bio / geo / landscape diversity, tropical ecology, ecotoxicology, eco-archeology, biomonitoring, faunistics and floristry as the basis of NLU. General information: Open list of currently offered project work topics (topics of your choice are also possible: please contact a supervisor). Some of the topics can also be used as preparation for master's theses. The specific issues to be dealt with and the effort to be made are discussed with the project managers. Some of the topics are easier to work on in the summer semester, others are just as easy to work on in the winter semester, please discuss them with the supervisor. Galinsoga parviflora and G. ciliata in Basel: Their spatial distribution and plant-sociological connection in the city of Basel Although something is already known about the ecology of the agriculturally unpopular neophytes Galinsoga ciliata and G. parviflora, it is often not clear in urban biotopes when and why they are one or the other of these two types appears or dominates. The aim of the study is to document and discuss the different distributions of the species in cartographic and plant sociological terms. Contact: Dr. Heiner Lenzin, in search of Ambrosia artemisiifolia in the city of Basel Ambrosia artemisiifolia, a highly allergenic Asteraceae, is on the way to colonize Switzerland from the southwest. The aim of the study is to show the current status of the distribution of this unpopular neophyte in Basel. Contact: Dr. Heiner Lenzin, Conservation value of the vegetation accompanying horticultural facilities such as shrub borders, flower borders and ground cover vegetation The aim of this study is to determine the botanical and nature conservation value of bush and flower borders as well as ground cover vegetation on the basis of the accompanying spontaneous flora. The work consists of plant-sociological recordings in the field and a study of the literature on botanical nature conservation. Contact: Dr. Heiner Lenzin, The purple cranesbill (Geranium robertianum ssp. Purpureum) and its settlement in the city of Basel from the railway systems from The neophyte Geranium robertianum ssp. purpureum is known as a so-called railway plant. First mappings in Basel have shown that the species has also started to colonize areas outside the railway facilities. The aim of the study is to create a current distribution map of the purple cranesbill and thus to obtain an important snapshot of the spread of the species in Basel since 1980. Contact: Dr. Heiner Lenzin, Botanical Rarities in Basel and their current endangerment On the basis of literature references of endangered species in the city of Basel are visited and the populations found are confirmed and quantitatively described if possible. The aim of this work is to update the state of knowledge about the endangered plant species in Basel. Contact: Dr. Heiner Lenzin, 28
29 Vegetation of the tree disks in Basel from the periphery to the city center The object of investigation is the spontaneous vegetation of the tree disks in Basel depending on the different quarters and the type and intensity of maintenance. The results are worked out through mapping and vegetation surveys. Contact: Dr. Heiner Lenzin, Effect of narrow land insulation on the composition of the terrestrial mesofauna. Case study: The rock in the Rhine Falls near Schaffhausen. Number of students: minimum 2 students, 4 ideal. Target: to verify whether the short-distance but complete terrestrial insulation of the rock in the middle of the Rhine Falls affects the mesofaunal composition and its energy consumption demand. Field study location: the rock in the middle of the Rhine Falls (one can reach it by boat) and a comparable piece of woodland near the Rhine river. Methods: random distribution of at least 10 baits (more if the morphology of the rock permits it) for each of the following food types, lipidic (peanut butter), protidic (meat), and glucidic (honey); Visual recording of the species feeding on the baits at 1- hour intervals during 48 hours. Collection of representative specimens of the species feeding on the baits at the end of the observations. Identification of the specimens and evaluation of the results in Basle. Contact: Prof. Dr. Peter Nagel, Soil Life in Urban Private Gardens Establishing contacts with garden owners / tenants, inspection, recording soil macrofauna through excavation, counting, weighing, conserving, determining species as precisely as possible. Contribution to a broader survey of urban, soil-biologically significant relic oases, which normally remain largely hidden from researchers. The project student must be concerned with finding a suitable city garden to be examined. Contact: Dr. Michèle Glasstetter, Bio-Recycling in Basel: Functional diversity of the fauna of urban composting plants In addition to compost worms, millipedes and woodlice, a large number of small humus and predatory mites, pseudoscorpions, springtails and other tiny insects live in well-managed compost and counting, related to the location, microclimate, composition and management of the composting plant. Targeted recording of the very species-rich macro and mesofauna invertebrates of the public (possibly also certain private) compost heap as urban biodiversity hotspots that have so far hardly been noticed. The project student must be concerned with finding a suitable, larger, well-managed urban district composting facility himself. Contact: Dr. Michèle Glasstetter, floodplain habitats on the meadow: inventory and assessment in the shadow of the weirs The renatured meadow sections of Maulburg and Basel are on everyone's lips. What is less well known is the remaining areas of pioneer habitats and softwood alluvial forests below the large weirs, e.g. von Brombach and Tumringen, which are exposed to the dynamics of the river. The task is to carry out a stocktaking for one or more of the areas and to prepare it for presentation with GIS (biotope types; if interested, also flora, vegetation and / or suitable groups of animal species). If the topic is worked on by several people, extensions are conceivable: comparison with the recently renatured areas; Comparison with a reference state of the river to be reconstructed (old maps); Nature conservation assessment. 29
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