Amphetamines should be legalized
As early as the Second World War, the properties of amphetamines were used and the efficiency and resilience of the army increased by giving the soldiers amphetamines. Amphetamines are mainly consumed as party and nighttime drugs. But they are also used in the field of competitive sports (doping). Students occasionally use them to improve their mental resilience before exam dates.
Medicines containing amphetamines are therefore now only available on prescription. As an appetite suppressant or for the treatment of asthma, they are only available with a prescription. Derivatives of amphetamine such as methylphenidate are used medically for the treatment of ADHD, for example.
A study on the drug affinity of adolescents on behalf of the Federal Center for Health Education found in 2011 that 1.0% of 12 to 17-year-olds had consumed an illegal drug other than cannabis in the year before the survey. 0.4% of respondents aged 12 to 17 and 1.6% of 18 to 25 year olds had consumed amphetamines in the previous 12 months. A study of Hamburg schoolchildren between the ages of 14 and 17 showed in 2012 that 2.5% of those surveyed consumed amphetamines. After cannabis, they were most frequently consumed together with psychoactive plants in the age groups surveyed.
Young people reach for amphetamines out of curiosity, under the influence of parents or friends, but also out of fun in petty criminal activities. The possession of amphetamines is a criminal offense.
Amphetamine descendants are called Speed, Crystal or Glass, whereby Speed is a mixture of amphetamine, metamphetamine, ephedrine, caffeine and blends. Crystal, crystal meth or glass is a derivative of amphetamine, metamphetamine. More young people under the age of 16 are among first-time users of crystal meth than those of amphetamines. Metamphetamine is also an illegal drug.
The Center for Interdisciplinary Addiction Research (ZIS) at the University of Hamburg published a report on amphetamines and metamphetamines in February 2014. Thereafter, the consumption of crystal meth increases across Germany. In its press release on the drug situation in Germany, the drug commissioner of the federal government confirmed this tendency. In 2013, the number of first-time users rose by 7% compared to the previous year. Crystal meth is mainly consumed near the Czech border in northern Bavaria, Saxony, Thuringia and parts of Saxony-Anhalt. Around a third of those surveyed use crystal meth almost every day, while amphetamine users only take the drug one to five times a month on average.
The drug is consumed even more frequently than amphetamines as a nightlife and party drug. Crystal meth also plays a much larger role than amphetamines in leisure time, at work and for sexual stimulation. Schoolchildren and students use them more often than amphetamines to improve their performance. But that can have consequences: The drug destroys nerve cells, so that the ability to concentrate and remember is lost in the long run.
The effect occurs within seconds when smoking, after 10-20 minutes when sniffing, after 30-40 minutes when swallowing and can last for 6 to 12 hours. The consumption of crystal meth can make people dependent and change them in a very short time. Their entire life then focuses only on the procurement of the drug, while they degrade a lot physically and mentally.
Consumers are often not or only insufficiently informed about the risks associated with the use of crystal meth. While more than 90% of amphetamine users think that their consumption is unproblematic or only slightly problematic, this applies to only about half of metamphetamine users.
Type of ingestion
- Swallowing (amphetamines and crystal meth)
- Runny nose (amphetamines and crystal meth)
- Syringes (mostly crystal meth)
- Smoking (mostly crystal meth)
Amphetamines and metamphetamine cause messenger substances to be released in the brain.
- initially improving physical performance
o Increase in the need to talk and exercise
o Suppression of fatigue
- Improvement of mental resilience
- Increased mood up to euphoria
- Suppression of hunger and thirst
- Increase in self-confidence
- sexual stimulation
optical and tactile microhallucinations, e.g. with the feeling that insects are walking under the skin
Risks of intoxication
- physical overload in the intoxication with
o racing heart
o Cardiac arrhythmias
o muscle tension (jaw grinding)
o rise in body temperature
o Risk of cerebral haemorrhage and cardiac arrest
Risks of continuous consumption
- psychological addiction
- Developing a tolerance so that larger and larger quantities have to be consumed in order to achieve the desired effect
- severe weight loss
- physical exhaustion
- Susceptibility to infection due to a weakening of the immune system
- Restlessness and trouble sleeping
- Paranoia with anxiety
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- increased risk of heart attack and stroke
- Damage from contamination
o Glass splinters are said to damage the nasal mucous membranes in order to accelerate the absorption of the drug
o Sulfuric acid breaks down teeth and mucous membranes
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