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Central Board for Secondary Education - Central Board of Secondary Education

abbreviation CBSE
formation November 3, 1962 (58 years ago) (1962-11-03)
Art Governmental Board of Education
Legal status active
headquarters New Delhi, India
Manoj Ahuja, IAS
Superordinate organization
Ministry of Education
Affiliations 21,271 schools (2019)
website cbse .nic .in

The Central Board of Secondary Education ( CBSE ) is a national level education committee in India for public and private schools controlled and administered by the Indian Union Government. There are approximately 21,271 schools in India and 220 schools in 28 countries affiliated with the CBSE. Of 309 schools in 1962, as in 2019, CBSE has 21,271 schools and 228 schools in 25 countries. All schools affiliated with CBSE follow the NCERT curriculum.

history

The first educational body established in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, under the jurisdiction of Rajputana, central India and Gwalior. In 1929 the Indian government set up a joint body called the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India and Gwalior. It was later restricted to Ajmer, Bhopal, and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1952 it became the "Central Board of Secondary Education".

Affiliations

CBSE is a member of all Kendriya Vidyalayas, all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, private schools and most of the schools approved by the Indian central government. There are 1,138 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 3,011 Government Schools, 16,741 Independent Schools, 595 Jawahar Novodaya Vidyalaya and 14 Central Tibetan Schools.

exams

CBSE conducts the final exams for Grade 10 and Grade 12 every March. The results will be announced by the end of May. The board previously conducted the AIEEE exam for admission to undergraduate engineering and architecture courses in colleges across India. However, the AIEEE exam was merged with the IIT Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) in 2013. The joint test is now called JEE (Main) and will henceforth be carried out by the National Testing Agency.

CBSE also conducts AIPMT (All India Pre Medical Test) for admission to major medical colleges in India. In 2014, the implementation of the national aptitude test for the award of a young research fellowship and the suitability as an assistant professor at universities was outsourced to CBSE. In addition to these tests, CBSE also conducts the Central Teacher Eligibility Test and the optional Class X aptitude test. With the introduction of NET in 2014, the CBSE has become the world's largest review body.

On November 10, 2017, the Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved a proposal to create a National Testing Agency (NTA) to act as the main autonomous body for conducting entrance exams in the country. As of 2018, various exams previously conducted by the CBSE have been transferred to the NTA, including the National Admission Exam with Undergraduate Exam, Joint Admission Exam - Main Exam, National Admission Exam, Central Universities Joint Admission Exam, and others.

Advertising criteria

grade 10

For advancement from secondary (grades IX-X) to higher secondary (grades XI-XII), a student must receive a total of 33% for all subjects (or the best 5 if 6 subjects are taken) with no minimum theoretical requirement. Originally, the eligibility criteria were set for a student as well in the theoretical as well as the practical component had to reach 33%. However, an exemption was initially granted to students who took the exam in 2018 when they had gone through the old CCE system the previous year. However, CBSE later expanded this relief to students taking the exam in 2019 and later. For a student who fails to pass up to two subjects, he can write the subject in these subjects in July. For those who fail the section or for those who fail three or more subjects, he / she must rewrite all subjects taken in the next year.

Grade 12

For grade 12 students, the eligibility criteria are 33% overall, with 33% in either Theory and practical exam (if applicable). For a student who does not manage to pass on exactly one subject, he can write the subject for this subject in July. For those who fail the section or for those who fail in two or more subjects, he / she has to rewrite all subjects accepted in the next year.

Grading

For grades 10 and 12 exams, the CBSE includes (along with the grades obtained) the student's received Position grade which depends on the average performance of students in this subject. As a result, the thresholds required to obtain a particular grade vary every year.

class criteria
A1 Top 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
A2 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
B1 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
B2 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
C1 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
C2 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
D1 The next 1/8 of the passed students in this subject
D2 The last eighth of the passed students in this subject
E. Failed students (either theoretical, practical, or overall)

The thresholds required to obtain a specific grade in 2018 are listed below:

class English core mathematics chemistry physics biology biotechnology Technical drawing Computer science economy accounting Business administration Computer science practices Multimedia / Web Tech psychology sociology
A1 89 95 91 90 90 95 98 93 92 84 93 94 95 87
A2 84 84 81 82 84 91 95 88 85 73 83 91 78
B1 78 73 73 75 79 86 92 83 78 65 75 87 82 84 73
B2 72 63 67 69 74 83 89 78 70 59 67 78 79 66
C1 65 55 63 64 68 76 85 72 63 55 60 79 74 73
C2 57 46 60 61 62 80 55 49 67 67
D1 45 42 52 54 55 47 45 57
D2 33 33 Variable (33% theoretical and practical passport required)
class English language & literature mathematics science Social sciences Malayalam Hindi French
A1 92 92 87 90 96 93 97
A2 87 81 76 82 93 88 95
B1 83 70 67 74 90 83 92
B2 78 60 58 66 87 78 87
C1 73 50 49 58 84 72 82
C2 66 42 41 49 80 65 74
D1 56 34 34 41 73 54 62
D2 33 (minimum for all subjects)

During the CCE

In the years 2010-2017, when CBSE implemented a CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation) for students in class X, only the grades achieved by the student were mentioned in the certificate in a 9-point evaluation scale, which translates as follows:

class criteria
A1 > 90%
A2 81–90%
B1 71–80%
B2 61–70%
C1 51–60%
C2 41–50%
D. 33–40%
E1 21–32%
E2 0–20%

Results

2016

CGPA MALE FEMALE TOTAL
10 85,316 83,225 1,68,541
9.8 26,313 24.545 50,858
9.6 28.522 24,223 52.745
9.4 35,587 25.882 61,469
9.2 33,674 25,171 58.845
9 35,167 26.270 61,437
8.8 36.453 26,154 62.607
8.6 37.532 25.945 63.477
8.4 38.590 25,383 63.973
8.2 37,681 24.663 62,344
8 38,248 24,217 62.465
7.8 38.560 23.607 62,167
7.6 37.804 22.680 60,484
7.4 36.814 21.410 58,224
7.2 35,287 20.497 55,784
7 34.755 19.803 54.558
6.8 33.824 18.677 52,501
6.6 32.099 17.559 49.658
6.4 29.774 16.428 46,202
6.2 27.367 15.509 42,876
6 25.542 14.472 40.014
5.8 22.568 13.094 35,662
5.6 18,126 11.128 29,254
5.4 13,206 8,684 21.890
5.2 9,120 6,142 15,262
5 6,116 4,036 10,152
4.8 3,582 2360 5,942
4.6 2,074 1,182 3,256
4.4 893 527 1.420
4.2 294 151 445
4 50 31 81
TOTAL 8,40,938 5,73,655 14,14,593
AVERAGE 7.91 8.14 8.00
CGPA BLACKBOARD SCHOOL TOTAL
10 92,816 75.725 1,68,541
9.8 32,372 18.486 50,858
9.6 32,115 20.630 52.745
9.4 32,302 29,167 61,469
9.2 33.725 25.120 58.845
9 36,361 25.076 61,437
8.8 36,673 25.934 62.607
8.6 36.026 27.451 63.477
8.4 35,232 28.741 63.973
8.2 35,362 26.982 62,344
8 35,185 27.280 62.465
7.8 33.969 28,198 62,167
7.6 31.825 28.659 60,484
7.4 29.836 28.388 58,224
7.2 28.045 27.739 55,784
7 26,238 28.320 54.558
6.8 23.913 28.588 52,501
6.6 21,284 28,374 49.658
6.4 18.782 27.420 46,202
6.2 16.785 26.091 42,876
6 14.365 25.649 40.014
5.8 12.150 23.512 35,662
5.6 9,351 19.903 29,254
5.4 6,861 15.029 21.890
5.2 4,978 10,284 15,262
5 3,628 6,524 10,152
4.8 2,278 3,664 5,942
4.6 1,236 2,020 3,256
4.4 549 871 1.420
4.2 137 308 445
4 17 64 81
TOTAL 7,24,396 6,90,197 14,14,593
AVERAGE 8.21 7.79 8.00

moderation

  • Grade distributions for each subject and overall average in CBSE Class 12 exams 2015
  • Distribution of Subject 1 grades. Notice the unusual peak for 95, 33, and a few other marks, and a sudden drop in frequency for 96 marks and above.

  • Distribution of the grades of subject 2. The peaks are still standing.

  • Subject 3 Distribution of grades. The peaks persist, but there are fewer students who score zero on the exam due to science students who skipped the theory exam and only got their practical grade.

  • Subject 4 Distribution of grades. The peaks are still standing.

  • Subject 5 distribution of points. The peaks still remain lower, as there is no moderation used in subjects like computer science.

  • Overall average (first five subjects without additional subjects, if taken) for the same class and the same year. The high score at zero was mainly attributable to students who did not show up for the exams at all. The distribution in this case is much more normal and symmetrical than the distribution of the individual subjects.

It is the practice adopted by CBSE to optimize candidates' grades to accommodate paper difficulties and fluctuations. This has been criticized in the past for inflating student grades in a competitive one-grade society, and CBSE is about to finish that. In 2017, CBSE announced that moderation would be stopped entirely. However, the decision has been challenged by a trial in the Delhi Supreme Court which ruled that moderation should continue for this year.

With the exception of 2018, moderation was used to account for differences in regional rates (as students in different regions would then answer different questionnaires). In 2018, when everyone around the world was answering the same questions, this practice became in standardization renamed , and the CBSE phased out the practice , whereby the number of subjects given the offset has been reduced.

In 2018, math, physics, chemistry and accounting got an offset of +9, business administration +6 and English an offset of +3. In 2019, the moderation awarded up to 11 additional points:

object Offset (2019) Offset (2018) Offset (2017) Offset (2016)
mathematics 11 9 10 fifteen
physics 11 9 9 8
chemistry 10 9 9 7
biology 5 0 3 0
Political science 6 0 5 5
economy 5 0 3 6
Business administration 5 6 6 11
sociology 2 0 0 6
Geography 1 0 0 8

The overall grade that a student receives through moderation must not exceed 95. In this case is the Upper limit limited to 95 unless the student's actual grade is 96 or more. This is why a grade of 95 is relatively common for such subjects, and why it is much is harder to get a 96 than to get a 95.

Moderation was also used in the infamous CBSE Grade 12 math papers of 2015 and 2016, where the paper caused a stir when students and teachers complained that the paper was too hard. Despite an allegedly strong offset of +16 (+15 for Delhi), student grades fell (especially for 2016) while the A1 limit was stable (90), the A2 limit dropped to 77 and other grades also declined recorded in the cutoff.

Moderation can also take the form of Notes of grace take place so that students who scored near the pass grade can pass the exam. This is why grades between 25 and 33 are unknown in subjects like math, and it also explains why the difference between D1 and D2 cutoffs is sometimes very small.

Changes for the 2019 exam

Earlier duration for professional exams

The CBSE has decided that professional exams (which very few students take) should take place earlier - in mid / late February compared to March for most other exams. This is to ensure that the exams are finished sooner.

Other internal options

For many core courses, the number of internal choices (where students choose one to answer out of two) has increased.

Changes to the English paper

The English (core) grade 12 paper has been modified to make it less "faster".

Changes for the 2020 exam

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will run two separate math exams in grade 10 of the board exam starting in the 2020 session. The current math exam is now Mathematics Standard, and a simpler version of math has been introduced (called Mathematics Basic). Students taking the latter version will not be allowed to continue studying mathematics.

The ability to choose math is mentioned on the registration form for the CBSE board grade 10 exam. Candidates must select their choice of test as they complete the registration form for the 2020 CBSE Class 10 Board Exam.

The Minister for Personnel Development (HRD) ordered the postponement of the pending investigations during the coronavirus outbreak. The postponed exams should be held between July 1st and 15th. On June 26, CBSE published a circular canceling the remaining exams and giving results based on the results of the exams already taken by the students. For some students in Delhi who were able to take 3 or fewer exams, they were graded according to their performance in internal exams. This decision was made after a court ruling.

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the 2021 exams

Due to the rapid increase in COVID-19 cases in the country, CBSE has canceled grade 10 exams and postponed grade 12 exams.

2018 question paper leak

In March 2018, there were reports that CBSE Class 10 Mathematics and Class 12 Economics Question Papers had been leaked. In response, CBSE announced that these exams will be canceled and re-exams will be held. However, CBSE later announced that there will be no re-exam for grade 10 math paper as the paper leak may have been limited to a few alleged beneficiaries.

On April 7, 2018, Rakesh Kumar (a business teacher) and two other employees of a private school in Una, Himachal Pradesh, were arrested for leaking Grade 12 business papers. According to the police, Rakesh Kumar went into the strong room of a bank to pick up packages with question papers from IT, but also a package with questions on economic issues. He asked a student to make a handwritten copy of the question paper (so as not to be traced from the handwriting). He then sent photos of the handwritten copy of the paper to a relative in Punjab on WhatsApp. This relative shared the photos with her son and nephew, which they shared with their friends in WhatsApp groups, from where they were forwarded to other WhatsApp groups. On April 12, 2018, police announced that Rakesh Kumar, who leaked the grade 12 business paper, had also leaked the grade 10 math paper. As a result, the Central Board of Secondary Education has set up a system of "encrypted" questionnaires to be printed by schools half an hour before the exam begins.

Regional offices

Regional office address States / UTs / Territories Covered
Ajmer Todarmal Marg, Ajmer-305030 Rajasthan & Gujarat
Bengaluru Degree College Building No. 57, Heserghatta Main Street, Near Sapthagiri Hospital, Chimney Hills, Chikkabanavara, Bengaluru - 560090 Karnataka
Bhopal Rohit Nagar, Phase II, District No. 53, Bawadia Kalan, Bhopal-462039 Madhya Pradesh
Bhubaneswar Lot No. 4 (PT), Saileshree Vihar, Chandrasekharpur, Khordha District - 751 021, Odisha West Bengal, Odisha, Chhattisgarh
Chandigarh SCO-34 to 37, Jubilee Square, Block E, Aerocity, SAS Nagar, Mohali, Punjab UT from Chandigarh, Punjab, J & K, UT from Ladakh
Chennai New No. 3, Old No. 1630 A, "J" Block, 16th Main Street Anna Nagar West, Chennai-600040 Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Puducherry and Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Dehradun 99, Kaulagarh Road, Dehradun - 248001, Uttarakhand Uttarakhand and districts of Uttar Pradesh - Badaun, Bijnour, JPNagar / Amroha, Moradabad, Muzaffarnagar, Rampur, Saharanpur and Sambhal
Delhi East PS-1-2, Institutional Area, IPExtn. Patparganj, Delhi-110 092. East Delhi, Southeast Delhi, South Delhi, Southwest Delhi, New Delhi, Shahdara and Foreign Schools
Delhi West C-128 & C-129, Mangolpuri Industrial Area, Phase 1, Delhi - 110083 West Delhi, Northwest Delhi, North Delhi, Northeast Delhi, and Central Delhi
Guwahati Shilpo Gram Street (near Sankar dev Kalakshetra), Panjabari, Guwahati-781037 Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram
Noida A-83, Sector -136, Noida, GB Nagar (UP) - 201305 Agra, Aligarh, Baghpat, Bareilly, Bulandshahar, Etah, Firojabad, Gautam Budh Nagar, Ghaziabad, Hapur, Hathras, Kasganj / Kashi Ram Nagar, Mainpuri, Mathura, Meerut, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur and Shamli
Panchkula Sector 5, Panchkula - 134109 (Haryana) Haryana, UT from Chandigarh, Punjab, J&K, Himachal Pradesh
Patna Ambika complex, behind the State Bank Colony, near Brahmsthan, Sheikhpura, Raza Bazar, Bailey Road Patna-800 014 Bihar, Jharkhand
Prayagraj (Allahabad) 35 B, civil station, MG Marg, civil lines, Prayagraj (Allahabad) - 211001 Ambedkar Nagar, Amethi, Auraiya, Ayodhya, Azamgarh, Bahraich, Ballia, Balrampur, Banda, Barabanki, Basti, Bhadohi, Chandauli, Chitrkoot, Deoria, Etawah, Farukkhabad, Fatehpur, Ghazipur, Gonda, Gorhpur, Jaloi, Jaloii., Hardoi., Hardoi , Kannauj, Kanpur Dehat, Kanpur Nagar, Kaushambi, Kushi Nagar, Lakhimpur Kheri, Lalitpur, Lucknow, Maharajganj, Mahoba, Mau, Mirjapur, Pratapgarh, Prayagraj, Rai Bareilly, Sant Kabir Nagarna, Shrabasti, Saparth Sultanpuran, Un
Pune RLM Business Park, SR. NO. 28/4 / A, Old Kharadi Mundava Road, across from Bollywood Multiplex, Kharadi, Pune - 411014, Maharashtra Maharashtra, Goa, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Thiruvananthapuram Block - B, 2nd Floor, LIC Department Office Campus, Pattom, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM - 695004, Kerala Kerala & Lakshadweep

Foreign schools

According to the CBSE official website, there are 28 state and private schools in various countries outside of India. The main reason for their establishment is to serve the Indian community abroad, or at least the children or relatives of Indian diplomats.

Current countries

For countries where the population of Indian nationals even exceeds the native population of the country, or countries where they make up a significant proportion of the population like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, etc. Indian embassies set up CBSE schools and have enabled Indians or local residents to set up private CBSE schools to serve the needs of Indians in that particular country.

In countries where Indians do not live, Indian diplomatic missions have set up schools in countries such as Russia and Iran that mainly serve children of diplomats.

See also

References

External links