What is the voting method for the congressional district

Voting methods other than the majority in the US?


Are there any jurisdictions in the US that assign elected positions (and / or electoral college voters) based on a system other than multiple voting, where each voter can only support one candidate?

In the United States, there are only two systems for assigning electoral college voters, and both of them have voters electing only one pair of candidates (president / vice president). You match all of the state's voters to the only couple with the most votes in the state. The other assigns two voters to the pair of candidates who win nationwide and one voter per congressional district to the district winner. The latter method is only used in Maine and Nebraska.

Louisiana requires that a majority of the votes for the winner be cast outside the president of races. If no one gets a majority, there is a runoff election for the two best candidates. This is still a single candidate, but it is not a plurality. Washington and California use similar systems. For more information, see impartial blanket primary.

So there are no federal positions that are only awarded by a single candidate election. There are three states that need a majority winner rather than a plurality winner.

I am not aware of any state or local position awarded using any of the methods reviewed, but there are many such positions (fifty different states and many more locations).


Are there any jurisdictions in the US that assign elected positions (and / or electoral college voters) based on a system other than multiple voting, where each voter can only support one candidate?

Local jurisdictions, yes:

Instant Runoff Voting (IRV) has been passed in a number of US cities since 2002, with some of these adoptions still to be implemented. IRV is now used in local elections

  • San Francisco, California;
  • Oakland, California;
  • Berkeley, California;
  • San Leandro, California;
  • Takoma Park, Maryland;
  • Basalt, Colorado;
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota;
  • Telluride, Colorado;
  • St. Paul, Minnesota; and
  • Portland, Maine.

Starting in 2018, Maine will be the first state to use a runoff election for governor, Senate, House of Representatives, and state elections.

[List formatting by me]

(Note that IRV also seen as cement for a two-party system so it may not be a huge improvement.)


There are many elections that require a majority, not just a multitude. Just look for a jurisdiction associated with a "run off".

The Carrollton Farmers Branch Independent School District (the school board for several suburbs of Dallas) has cumulative voting: https://www.dallascountyvotes.org/wp-content/uploads/Frequently-Asked-Questions-About- Cumulative- Voting.pdf


Thanks for your answer! If you could work with jurisdictions using drains it could make for a great answer to this question, as long as it wasn't just duplicating the endolith's answer or other places using the cumulative voting!


I was talking about old fashioned drains. If there are N candidates in the first round of an election and none of them achieve a majority, all but the top 2 voters fall and a "runoff" is held between the top 2 candidates. This is a pretty common scenario. Some jurisdictions run non-partisan primaries (also known as jungle area codes) that are pretty much the same: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonpartisan_blanket_primary Wikipedia has a pretty good description of cumulative voting (but without listing which jurisdictions they use): en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumulative_voting


Yes, I thought so. The second part is a decent answer to that question, identifying a particular alternative method and jurisdiction in which it is used with what appears to be a relevant context to the claim. The focus of the question is to find specific jurisdictions that use alternative methods (e.g. runoff ballot or cumulative vote). Adding more details like this one would help make this a great answer.