What traditions does Mexico have
Mexican holidays and festivals
Mexicans love partying, music, dancing and a loud, exuberant atmosphere.
Mexico has an almost innumerable number of holidays and festivals to offer. There is a non-stop celebration, there is always an occasion somewhere - whether in honor of the saint of the place, public holidays, major national festivals, carnivals, ferias (fair-style hype), district festivals, equestrian games or bullfights ... With an assumed 5,000 festivals a year, the Mexican one counts Holiday calendar certainly among the most extensive in the world!
Where in the past sacrifices were made to the indigenous gods, these rites gradually mingled with the celebrations of the Spaniards and thus formed today's Mexican fiestas. Only in the remote regions, e.g. B. in the Sierra Madre Occidental, one celebrates the religious customs and festivals in the original style.
Official Holidays in Mexico
We also know many of the holidays in Mexico in Germany. A few Mexican holidays, on the other hand, come from traditional Mexican culture.
|date||Holiday (Mexican)||Public holiday (German)|
|01.01.||Año Nuevo||New Year|
|06.01.||Día de Reyes||Holy Three Kings|
|05.02.||Aniversario de la Constitución Mexicana||Constitution Day|
|24.02.||Día de la Bandera||Flag day|
|21.03.||Natalicio de Benito Juarez||Birthday of Benito Juarez (Mexican President)|
|March||Jueves Santo||Maundy Thursday|
|March||Viernes Santo||Good Friday|
|01.05.||Día del Trabajo||Labor Day|
|05.05.||El Cinco de Mayo||Anniversary of the Battle of Puebla|
|01.09.||Informe presidencial||Government statement|
|16.09.||Día de la Independencia||Independence day|
|12.10.||Día de la Raza||Anniversary of the "encounter of two worlds"|
|01. – 02.11.||Días de los Muertos||day of the Dead|
|02.11.||Día de los Fieles Difuntos||All Souls|
|20.11.||Aniversario de Revolución Mexicana||Revolution day|
|12.12.||Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe||Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe|
Not only holidays are celebrated extensively in Mexico and traditions are pursued, but also on many other occasions. It is impossible to name all of them here, which is why we are going to introduce you to some of the most famous and largest fiestas where you can feel the pure Mexican joie de vivre.
The Mexican holiday is celebrated on January 20th in Chiapa de Corzo, Guanajuato and León“Día de San Sebastián”. However, since there are many celebrations in the towns of the regions at this time, these are simply referred to between January 9th and 23rd as "Fiesta Grande"where patronage celebrations, dances and glee are commonplace.
The “Día de la Candelaria” is celebrated on February 2nd across Mexico with parades, dances and music. In Tlacotalpan (state of Veracruz) it will be celebrated on January 31st.
For several days in February the "Carnaval" celebrated across Mexico. The most famous and most extravagant are the celebrations on Cozumel Island, the Yucatán, Veracruz and Mazatlán. At the carnival, Mexicans have the opportunity to express their different cultures, traditions, but also their attitudes towards politics or omnipresent poverty. This creates an exuberant atmosphere in a sea of colors and shapes.
For 18 days, the historic center of Mexico City is filled with incomparable life. During the "Festival del Centro Historico" Artists from all over the world offer the viewer a colorful musical, theatrical, playful and culinary program.
At the equinox of spring "Equinoccio", on March 20th, the Kukulkán pyramid in Chichén Itzá captivates thousands of visitors.
- MARCH APRIL
Because of their religion, Catholicism, the "Semana Santa" as well as the following "Pascua" - Week of one of the most important festivals in Mexico.
During these two weeks, numerous passion plays, processions and pilgrimages take place across the country. The largest can be found in Iztapalapa (district of Mexico City), San Miguel de Allende, Aguascalientes or Pátzcuaro.
Around April 25th, the Aguascalientes takes place for two weeks "Feria de San Marcos" instead, which is one of the most beautiful and oldest festivals in Mexico.
- MAY JUNE
Corpus Christi feasts, "Jueves de Corpus Cristi", are also celebrated with processions, children's parties and passionate celebrations across Mexico.
The "Fiesta de Guelaguetza" (also "Lunes del Cerro") is the largest and most spectacular folklore festival in Oaxaca and always takes place on the last two Mondays in July. Old pre-Columbian traditions are celebrated in the huge amphitheater, with “La Pluma”, a feather dance, as the grand finale.
On August 15th will take place "María Asunción" instead, Assumption of Mary. On this occasion there are also pilgrimages, fairs, dances and lots of music all over Mexico. The flower carpets and midnight processions in Huamantla are particularly worth seeing.
The autumn equinox takes place on September 23 "Equinoccio" instead, which is celebrated like in spring in Chichén Itzá.
That takes place in October "Cervantino Festival" takes place in Guanajuato, which annually attracts thousands of visitors who want to attend the unique spectacle of various musicians, dancers and other artists from all over the world.
The "Fiesta de Octubre", which extends over the whole month, attracts visitors to Guadalajara with numerous festivals and events.
The "Día de los muertos" on November 1st and 2nd is one of the two most important festivals in Mexico. This is not a day of mourning like ours, but one of the most colorful and lavish folk festivals in the country. In Mexico, death is not a taboo, it is part of life and a welcome guest.
Weeks in advance, all sorts of things such as skulls, bones or skeletons are offered in the shops. On the night of November 2nd, the deceased are pompously received on earth. People then eat, sing and dance in the cemeteries.
The festival has been part of the spiritual and intangible cultural heritage of humanity since 2008. The most famous places of these celebrations, Mixquic and the island of Janítzio, have already become real tourist magnets.
On December 12th the most important festival of the Mexicans takes place, the "Día de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe" (Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe). Numerous processions take place on this day and tens of thousands of believers from all over Latin America make a pilgrimage to Mount Tepeyac in Villa de Guadalupe to commemorate their patron saint. The Aztecs used to worship the goddess Tonantzin on this mountain.
Other Mexican festivals, customs and traditions
One of the most important rural festivals is the day of the respective patron saint of the place, which is usually celebrated for several days or even a week with the help of parades, dances in traditional costumes and fireworks.
Charreadas are equestrian games that have their origins in the competitions of the Mexican cowboys. In the highlands and in the north-west of the country, these are always demonstrated on Sunday mornings by men and women in traditional Charro clothing.
- Corrida de toros
The bullfights introduced by the Spaniards are still a great tradition in Mexico. The largest arena in the world is located in Mexico City. But bullfights can also be seen in the villages, although this is definitely not for everyone. You can watch it every Sunday afternoon or on Mexican public holidays. The main season in which the professional fights take place is between November and March.
- Pelea de gallos
Cockfights, which mainly take place in rural areas, have a similarly long history and tradition as bullfights.
These house celebrations take place between December 16 and 24 and symbolize Mary's search for a hostel. These Christmas celebrations are where family, friends and neighbors meet to drink ponche (punch), eat tamales or let the children smash piñatas (bags filled with sweets).
- Lucha Libre
Wrestling in Mexican - that's Lucha Libre. Modern gladiator wrestling is more about acrobatics than the fight itself. The popular national sport should not be missed under any circumstances. The loud throat spectacle takes place in specially built arenas and should be on every to-do list during a stay in Mexico.
- Jai alai
The Mexican form of the Basque-Spanish pelota game is considered to be the fastest and sometimes hardest ball game in the world. Famous venues are Acapulco, Mexico City and Tijuana. An activity that you may want to try out during your trip to Mexico.
Experience the exuberant atmosphere of one of the holidays in Mexico on Mexico Travel!
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