What is systemic criminal behavior

Systemic therapy does not focus solely on an individual, but always sees this as part of one or more systems. Change therefore always means changing these systems.

I find this a very interesting and useful approach. There is certainly no harm in keeping this in view.

What is systemic therapy?

Systemic therapy developed from working with families in the 1950s.

It has many founding places, mothers and fathers. Some notable names are Virginia Satir, Helm Stierlin, Mara Palazzoli, and Paul Watzlawick.

The core idea of ​​systemic therapy is the assumption that the key to understanding and changing problems lies less in the person being treated than in the (family) context in which the problem is.

In some families, a member is subconsciously directed to act out the disorder in the family. It is thus the one who is branded as abnormal, criminal, or difficult. This person is the infected patient or symptom carrier.

Family therapists point out that other family members, in general, have an important personal interest in its symptoms and pathology.

Systemic therapy is interested in the relationship processes of people who are involved in the creation and maintenance of a problem and are therefore also important for change and solution processes.

The therapist does not treat the “symptom” of the family (the infected patient), but tries to understand the underlying family pathology.

It has been found that when treatment is directed toward the symptom rather than all family members, any improvement that leads to the disappearance of the patient's symptoms often results in a breakdown of the family system.

Unconsciously, family members do not want the infected patient to "improve" because their "symptoms" have become a stabilizing part of the family. Every change in the pathological behavior of the "infected" (even an improvement) disturbs the family balance.

A system does not necessarily only include family members; other people can also be important (however, the people involved do not necessarily have to be present for systemic therapy).

At the beginning of a systemic therapy there is a precise clarification of the assignment. Once the goals have been concretized, the actual therapy can begin.

Preference is given to a few appointments per therapy with, if possible, longer intervals between the individual sessions, in which the clients can try out new findings from the sessions in their own life practice and do their homework.

Common techniques, interventions and methods are:

  • Circular questions aimed at the presumed point of view of third parties (including those present)
  • Questions of scale, to illustrate differences and progress
  • Positive connotations and elaboration of the positive aspects of problematic issues
  • Reframing of facts in order to stimulate changes in meaning or interpretation
  • Paradoxical intervention, usually prescribing the problematic behavior in order to change automatisms
  • Homework
  • Metaphor work, parables and stories as a bypass technique for potential "resistance"
  • Inquire about exceptions to the defendant facts in order to clarify the changeability of facts assumed to be static
  • Sculpture, representation of family relationships as a statue of people in the room
  • Sociogram, the graphic representation of social relationships
  • Invitation to family members or friends to take part in individual sessions or therapy phases

and many more.

In addition to families, systemic therapy also works with individuals, couples and organizations.

Collusion concept according to Willi

The concept of collusion describes the interaction of the unconscious

Motives in the choice of partner and later couple conflicts.

Collusion means an unacknowledged, concealed interaction between two or more partners due to a similar, unresolved basic conflict.

The common unresolved basic conflict is carried out in different roles, which gives the impression that one partner is almost the opposite of the other. However, these are only polarized variants of the same.

The connection in the same basic conflict favors progressive (overcompensating) self-healing attempts in couple relationships with one partner and regressive self-healing attempts with the other partner.

This progressive and regressive defensive behavior causes a substantial part of the attraction and dyadic bracing of the partners. Everyone hopes to be released from their basic conflict by their partner. Both believe that their partner is so secure in defending against their deep fears that the satisfaction of their needs would be permissible and possible to a degree that has not yet been achieved.

In long-term coexistence, this collusive attempt at self-healing fails because of the return of the repressed in both partners. The parts transferred to the partner (delegated or externalized) come up again in one's own self.