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Photovoltaics and taxes, what do you have to pay for your own photovoltaic electricity
If you operate your own photovoltaic system on your private house, you can be subject to various tax obligations. The decisive factor is whether you use your own generated photovoltaic electricity yourself or whether you sell it and how much profit you make with it.
As soon as you sell your surplus electricity to others and receive money for it, such as the feed-in tariff, you are doing business. If you make a profit, income tax is due on this profit. If you use part of your self-generated electricity, this part also counts towards your income, which you then have to pay tax on in total. If you are now an entrepreneur and you also pay sales tax on the electricity you sell, the sales tax also applies to the electricity you use yourself.
As a registered channel member, you can find a sales tax return table in my download area
You can also be exempt from all tax obligations when using your electricity Not sell, but only use it for yourself. Your entire system is then your purely private matter. If you operate the system as an island system - i.e. without being connected to the electricity grid in your house, there is no sale or purchase from the grid.
If you feed your solar power from a smaller photovoltaic system into the grid, you are entitled to remuneration. This is regulated in the (EEG) = Renewable Energy Sources Act. However, there is one condition that you must then note that you report your system to the Federal Network Agency in the market master data register no later than one month after it has been commissioned. Here you can read the regulation once. The network operator will request the kWh from your bidirectional meter once a year. Only then will you receive every kilowatt hour that you feed into the network from the network operator at a fixed feed-in tariff that is transferred as a fixed kWh price for 20 years.
Whether you issue a feed-in tariff or an invoice to consumers and receive an amount for it, all proceeds from the photovoltaic power sold are subject to income tax, as long as you make a profit with your photovoltaics. Your photovoltaic electricity, which you do not sell but use for yourself, then counts as income in the tax law sense.
Of course, it is counted together with your other income such as salary, fees, additional earnings or pension to your commercial income in the income tax. As the operator of a commercial photovoltaic system, you have to submit this to the tax office every year.
Whether you really have to pay income tax depends of course on the amount of your income tax total income ab: Here is a link
What do I have to do to get a tax number
If you generate sales with your photovoltaic system, you need one entrepreneurial Stax number. If you have to register a business for your photovoltaic system in your community (is not always necessary, but you should inquire once) then the tax office will assign you a tax number or you can register with the tax office beforehand. Then you will be asked toQuestionnaire for tax collection" to be filled out. However, you also have the option of downloading the form on the website of the Federal Ministry of Finance yourself, then filling it in and sending it with your registration.
This is a subjective contribution from personal experience and is intended to serve as an example.
This contribution serves neither as tax advice nor as a legally reliable commitment,
that everything is correct. It will NO LIABILITY ASSUMED!
To clarify the individual tax treatment of a photovoltaic system, it is recommended
to contact the responsible tax office or a tax advisor if necessary.
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