Are bamboo floors more durable than hardwood

Overview of different types of wood

Wood is a natural material. Every wood is different in color, grain and structure. On this page you can get an impression of the different types of wood. Take your time and find the right wood for your order.

Classification according to the color of the wood

For the first overview, it makes sense to divide the woods into colors (the heartwood color is indicated for heartwood trees).

  1. whitish:
    • e.g .: maple, hazel, hornbeam, ginkgo, chestnut, linden, poplar, fir
  2. yellowish:
  3. red-brown:
  4. brownish:
    • e.g .: acacia, apple, bamboo, Bangkirai, pear tree, oak, hazelnut, mahogany, merbau, walnut, olive, plane tree, elm, teak, cedar wood
  5. blackish:

Other properties of wood

  1. Wood with resin passages: e.g .: spruce, pine, larch
  2. Wood according to hardness:
    • soft: e.g .: alder, spruce, pine, larch, linden, chestnut, fir
    • hard: e.g .: maple, apple, pear, birch, beech, yew, oak, ash, cherry, meranti, merbau, walnut, wenge


Origin: Central to Southern Europe, Eurasia and North America

Use: Due to its property as a precious wood, maple can be found more in interior construction. Maple wood is often used in the living room area for high-quality furniture, table tops, parquet, veneers or paneling, but also in the kitchen area in the form of cut boards or other utensils. Maple is also popular in stair construction, especially because of its grain and color, as well as its resilience. Since maple is hardly weatherproof, it is rarely used outdoors.

Durability: Maple must be stored dry quickly after cutting, otherwise it is prone to blue streaks. It is also hardly weatherproof and also prone to fungal and insect infestation.


Origin: Europe and Asia, Scandinavian countries such as Sweden and Finland are strong exporters.

Use: Used as peeling wood for plywood and as peeled veneer. Even though it is less common in Germany, birch is also used for processing furniture. Birch is also used for turning. In Germany it is used more often as firewood (high calorific value), especially as firewood due to its pretty bark look.

Durability: In its natural state, birch wood is only very slightly weatherproof and has virtually no durability under the influence of water. It is also very susceptible to fungal and insect infestation.


Origin: Central and Southeast Europe.

Use: Beech is mainly used in furniture production because its hardness makes it well suited for resistant surfaces. It is also well suited for use in the floor area and stairs. Due to its properties, beech can be found in almost all processed objects. Another excellent property is the formation of embers so that it can also be used as wood for a fireplace, barbecue or smoking wood.

Durability: Only slightly weatherproof without a protective glaze. Also susceptible to fungal and insect infestation. The wood can also harden.


Origin: Europe, especially Central Europe, Eurasia but also North and Central America

Use: Oak is one of the most popular and sought-after woods in Germany, as its robustness makes it ideal as construction wood for interior and exterior construction, as well as for parquet or high-quality furniture. With its high calorific value, like beech and birch, it is also suitable as good firewood, even if its flame formation is not as good as with the two woods mentioned.

Durability: In its natural state, the heartwood is very weatherproof. The sapwood, on the other hand, is partly susceptible to fungal and insect infestation.


Origin: Mainly in Europe, North Africa or the Middle East

Use: Alder wood is often found as an admixture to other types of wood in chipboard or fiberboard. It is also used for model and furniture construction or restoration, but also because of its great resistance under water, for piling underground or in water.

Durability: Outside, alder is not very resistant, but like oak, it has good properties when used under water.


Origin: Europe

Use: Ash wood is characterized by its strength and elasticity, especially when processing in the installation of parquet and plank floors - this property is also used in the manufacture of hammer, ax or garden tool handles, as well as in the manufacture of sports equipment . As solid wood, it can also be used as equipment or construction wood.

Durability: Ash wood is only slightly weatherproof and is difficult to impregnate, which is why it should not be used in contact with the floor or outdoors, as fungal or insect infestation can hardly be avoided here.


Origin: In much of Europe, North America and North Asia

Use: Spruce is mainly used as construction wood in interior construction, e.g. for ceiling beams, cladding or blind wood. Furthermore, spruce is used in the removal, conversion or construction of roof trusses.

Durability: Untreated spruce wood should not be used outdoors, as it is only slightly weatherproof and also susceptible to fungal and insect infestation.


Origin: Europe, especially Northern Europe, Asia and North America

Use: Pine wood is used as construction and construction wood in almost all areas, both indoors and outdoors. Roof constructions, terraces, facades, windows and floors as well as the manufacture of furniture are only a small selection of possible uses for pine wood. The wood also serves as a raw material for chipboard and fiberboard production.

Durability: The heartwood is moderately weatherproof compared to the sapwood. The sapwood, on the other hand, is not protected against weathering, fungal and insect infestation and is prone to blue stain when wet.


Origin: Europe, North America, the Middle East

Use: Due to its reddish warm appearance, precious wood is often used for veneer or as solid wood in furniture construction. The precious cherry wood is also used as a decorative wall or ceiling cladding in the living area.

Durability: The wood should not be used outdoors as it is easily susceptible to fungal and pest infestation. The positive properties of wood are mainly used indoors.


Origin: Central Europe, Asia and North America

Use: Larch wood is well suited for construction structures, both indoors and outdoors. Because of its durability, larch is well suited for doors, gates and stairs as well as veneers for furniture, ceilings and parquet floors.

Durability: Without a glaze, the wood has a good resistance, with a protective glaze it is highly weatherproof. In addition, not very susceptible to fungal and insect infestation. The wood is extremely durable even when exposed to high levels of water.


Origin: Predominantly from the forests of Malaysia and Indonesia

Use: Meranti is also one of the precious woods and has similar properties to oak. But precisely because of its appearance, the wood is used for veneers, furniture construction and also generally for interior construction. Due to its durability, the wood is also ideal for window and door construction.

Durability: The wood is very weather-resistant and only very slightly susceptible to pest infestation.


Origin: The main mining areas are the tropical forests of Southeast Asia and the Pacific region.

Use: Like Meranti, Merbauholz is one of the precious woods and is often used as a mahogany substitute due to its similar appearance. The wood is mainly used for furniture construction, doors and interior fittings. In addition, due to its special hardness, it is also often used as a wooden floor and thus combines elegance, elasticity and stability.

Durability: The hardwood is hardly susceptible to pest infestation and is very weather-resistant.


Origin: Tropical wood from West Africa

Use: Thanks to its distinctive appearance, the precious wood is used in furniture construction as well as stylish interior fittings for parquet floors, wall or ceiling paneling. Its properties are also ideal for building stairs.

Durability: Even if used less outdoors, the wood is very weather-resistant and only very slightly susceptible to pest infestation.