What conditions can cause sinus congestion?

Sinusitis - breathe freely again

Various factors can cause the mucous membranes of the sinuses to become overused and become inflamed as a result. The causes are manifold. An unhealthy lifestyle with a lot of stress and malnutrition (lack of certain vitamins and vital substances) definitely has a certain influence. The remaining factors can be divided into 3 groups: pollutants from the air we breathe, inflammation or pathogens and anatomical peculiarities.

Pollutants that can strain the sensitive mucous membranes beyond the tolerable level include:

  • Tobacco smoke
  • Allergens, i.e. allergy-causing substances
  • dry, conditioned air
  • various drugs that damage the mucous membrane (e.g. long-term or prolonged use of decongestant nasal drops)

Inflammation For example, it can be caused by a dead or diseased tooth and infect the maxillary sinus.

Virusesthat cause a cold, and thus a runny nose, cause swelling. This can worsen the ventilation and humidification of the sinuses. As a result, the secretion is less able to drain off and thus provides the ideal breeding ground for bacteria, which then aggravate the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the sinuses.

Anatomical peculiaritiessuch as a crooked nasal septum, unfavorably shaped turbinates or possibly existing polyps can have a negative impact on the mucous membranes of the sinuses, as they impair ventilation.

When several of these factors come together, acute sinusitis can easily develop. Under unfavorable conditions, acute sinusitis can also develop into chronic sinusitis.