How good is NIT Meghalaya
|Status:||Northeastern state of India|
Meghalaya is situated in the northeast region of India, between the Brahmaputra Valley in the north and Bangladesh in the south. It extends for about 300 kilometers in length and about 100 kilometers in width. The state was created in 1972 from the Khasi, Jaintia, Garo districts of Assam, which were formerly small kingdoms inhabited by different tribal groups. The state of Meghalaya (the whereabouts of the clouds) is known geographically as the "Meghalaya Plateau" or the "Shillong Plateau". The area is made up of the oldest rock formations. Meghalaya is made up of the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills along with their outsiders formed by the Assam ranges. It is the detached northeastern extension of peninsula India. The part of him is buried under the alluvium laid down by the Ganga Brahmaputra system of rivers. This distance is known as the Malda distance (between the Raj Mahal hills / Chhota Nagpur and the Shillong plateau). Elevation of the Meghalaya plateau varies between 150 meters to 1961 meters above sea level. The highlight of the entire state is Shillong Peak, the elevation of which is approximately 1965m above sea level. It is bounded on the south and southwest through Bangladesh and on all other sides through the state of Assam. The area is 22,429 square kilometers. The capital is the hill town of Shillong. Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya is at an altitude of 1496 meters above sea level. Shillong, which was established in Assam's capital in 1874, remained so until January 1972, following the arrangement of Meghalaya. The capital derives its name from the utterance of the creator called Shyllong. Meghalaya is a region of great scenic beauty; a panorama of cloth, undulating hills, fertile valleys, 250 species of orchids, meandering rivers, waterfalls, sparkling mountain streams and lakes. Meghalaya is known for its natural beauty and the simple lifestyle of its tribal people. Meghalaya also receives the spotlight because of Cherrapunjee, the wettest place on earth which is only 56 kms. away from Shillong. Meghalaya has a single-chamber legislative assembly of 60 seats.
Flora and fauna
Meghalaya is endowed with a rich variety of flora and fauna. Of about 17,000 species of orchids in the world, around 3000 varieties are found in Meghalaya. A botanical wonder, the pitcher plant, an insect eating plant, is found in the district of the Jaintia Hills, West Khasi Hills, and South Garo Hills of the state. Animals and birds found in the state are elephants, tigers, bears, jackals, leopards, golden langurs etc. The interesting birds found in the state include hornbills, king vultures, crested snakes, eagles, partridges, teals, snipe hunts , Quail etc.
Meghalaya is dependent on the fantasies of the monsoons. The climate varies with altitude. The climate of Khasi and Jaintia the hills is uniquely pleasant and fortifying. It is neither warm in summer nor cold in winter, but over the plains of the Garo hills, the climate is warm and humid, except in winter. The Meghalayan sky is seldom clear of the clouds, literally it is the whereabouts of the clouds. The average annual rainfall is about 2600 mm over west Meghalaya, between 2500 to 3000 mm over north Meghalaya and about 4000 mm over southeast Meghalaya. There is a large variation in rainfall over central and south Meghalaya. At Sohra (Cherrapunji), the average annual rainfall is as high as 12,000 millimeters, but Shillong, which is about fifty kilometers from Sohra, receives an average of 2,200 millimeters of precipitation annually.
In the Garo Hills, the major rivers of the northern system from west to east are the Kalu, Ringgi, Chagua, Ajagar, Didram, Krishnai and Dudnai. Of these, only the Krishnai and the Kalu are navigable. The major rivers of the southern system are daring, Sanda, Bandra, Bhogai, Dareng and Simsang. Simsang is the largest river in the Garo Hills and navigable for only about 30 kilometers. Other navigable rivers are the Nitai and the Bhupai. In the central and eastern sections of the plateau are the important northern liquid rivers Umkhri, Digaru and Umiam, and the south-liquid rivers are Kynchiang (Jadukata), Mawpa, Umiew or Barapani, Myngot and Myntdu.
The state's population is unevenly distributed and is determined by physiographic factors and accessibility. The state's population is mainly concentrated in the area around Shillong Metropolitan Region, Jowai, Nongstoin, Williamnagar, Tura and Baghmara, the neighborhood of Cherrapunji and Dawki, and north, west and south fringing the Garo Hills. The sparsely populated areas of the state is found in the northern and southern Khasi Hills, most of the Jaintia Hills, and the interior of the Garo Hills. The state's population can be classified into tribal and non-tribal populations. Tribal peoples make up about 85 percent of Meghalaya's population. Among the tribal population, Meghalaya is ruled by three main groups of people i.e. the Garos in the western section of the plateau, the Khasis in the central section of the plateau and the Jaintia in the eastern section of the plateau. All three have a matrilineal social system in which family ancestry is taken for the mother's side. There are number of dialects within the four districts of the combined Khasi and Jaintia Hills. Based on the dialects, the community is generally divided into five groups namely the Khasis of the central plateau, Pnars or Jaintia in the east, the Wars in the south, the Lyngams in the west and the Bhois in the north. Most of the houses are constructed in accordance with people's tastes. There is a great variation ranging from the ancient Khasi style to the modern style found in Shillong and other important cities of the state. In some Jaintia and Garo villages, engravings of pictures of men and animals are found on the house walls. Near Jowai the carvings of a lover and his loved ones are seen evoking applause even today for craftsmanship and ingenuity in designing. The Garo women are skilled at spinning. Dakmandes, a type of women's wear, are well decorated with inscriptions of beautiful flowers and butterflies, combined in various color. Separating baskets, sleeping mats, fans, rain shields made out of woven bamboo and cane are found in rural areas. Jaintia fishing traps made from bamboo sticks are also noted for functional beauty. The cane bridges that hang over fast-flowing streams also testify to the superb craftsmanship of the Khasis and Jaintias. The non-Christian Garos erected monuments to the dead. Those are actually statues engraved in wooden pillars, shape, shape and facial resemblance of the deceased. Meghalaya occupies a total area of 22,429 square kms with a total population of 2,306,069 persons as reported in the 2001 census. The sex ratio in Meghalaya was 974 women per 1000 men; compared to 923 women for the country as a whole. The fairly high sexual proportion in Meghalaya can be attributed to the existing tradition of matrilineal society.
Agriculture is the main occupation of Meghalaya, with eighty-three percent of the total population depending on it for a living. Rice and corn are the main food crops. The important fruits grown here are, pineapple, lemon, guava, jackfruit orange and bananas, while potato, jute, mesta, cotton, areca nut, ginger, turmeric, betel leaf and black pepper are the main commercial crops. "Jhum" or the postponement system of processing is replaced by the scientific methods and brings land under permanent processing. Forest resources from pine and other timber products bring in the major chunks of state income. The state has many small industries in furniture making, iron and steel making, tire re-treading and baking, to name the major ones.
Meghalaya has abundant but untapped natural resources including coal, limestone, kaolin, feldspar, quartz, mica, gypsum, bauxite and other minerals. Its sillimanite deposits (a source of high-quality ceramic clay) are reputedly the best in the world and account for almost all of India's sillimanite exit. Most of the natural resources are extracted and sent outside of the state only in raw form. Meghalaya has no heavy industries; Small scale industries include cement, plywood, and beverage factories, in addition to a newly manufactured electronics system.
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Hotels in Meghalaya
hh - heritage hotel; ph - palace hotel; bra - boutique hotel; gh - guest house; hs - home stay
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