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DAAD regional information
The following introduction to the higher education system, supplemented by a chapter on the topic of "Internationalization and educational cooperation" and the DAAD activities in Moldova, can be found in. This offers a compact compilation of data on one page.
You can find all available DAAD country status, DAAD educational system analyzes and DAAD data sheets sorted alphabetically by country under
The population decline affects the younger generation in particular and has a major impact on the economic development of Moldova. The conflict that divides the Republic of Moldova to this day was sparked at the end of the 1980s by the demands of the Moldovan / Romanian national movement in Soviet Moldova - especially the introduction of Romanian (in Latin) as the national language - which led to the resistance of the a privileged Russian-speaking nomenclature as well as the mainly urban Russian-speaking population, who opposed separation from the Soviet Union and the loss of their privileges. Accordingly, the young state saw itself strong early on separatist movements exposed in the Gagauz populated areas in the south of the country and in Transnistria. As a result, in 1992, after a brief but bloody conflict, the young republic lost control of most of the areas on the eastern bank of the Dniester and the city of Bender (Tighina) on the western bank of the river to the so-called "Pridnestrovian Moldavian" (Transnistria), a de facto regime that, although supported by Russia, is not recognized internationally by any state - not even by the Russian Federation.
The official language has been since independence Romanian. Although the 1994 Constitution (Art. 13) established Moldovan as the official language, the Constitutional Court in 2013 - with reference to the 1991 Declaration of Independence - assigned this role to Romanian. From a linguistic point of view, the case is clear: the mother tongue of most Moldovans is a regional variety of Standard Romanian, which is very similar to the Romanian spoken in Romanian Moldova. Russian is still spoken in many areas and has the status of the language of "interethnic communication" in the constitution. In foreign language training, English has replaced the French that had dominated for decades. German currently ranks third among the foreign languages.
In the Republic of Moldova there are a total of 32 higher education institutions, 19 of which are state-owned. According to official statistics, around 65,500 students were enrolled in the 2017/2018 academic year. Foreign students are not included here. The number fell by 9,200 compared to the previous year. This corresponds to 12.3 percent. 49,000 are currently studying undergraduate bachelor's degrees and 12,000 are studying for a master's degree. More than 4,300 studied in other courses such as medicine, architecture or pharmacy. The number of doctoral students rose from 1,485 in 2012 to 1,622 in 2017. 84.4 percent or 55,300 students study at public universities. At 58.1 percent, the number of female students is significantly higher than that of students.
At state universities, undergraduate students pay an average of 5,500 Leu (approx. 244 euros) tuition fees, while students from abroad do their Bachelor's or Master's between 600 and 800 euros in tuition fees have to muster. The universities set the tuition fees within the framework of legal requirements. About 30 percent of the students receive government grants. However, the proportion varies between the individual subjects.
The vast majority of institutions are located in Chişinău Municipality. The only university with an extended range of subjects is the State University of Moldova (USM) in Chişinău. In addition, there are a number of universities with technical specialization such as the Moldova University of Technology (UTM), the Ion Creangǎ State Pedagogical University (UPSC), the Nicolae Testemiţanu State Medical-Pharmaceutical University (USFM), the Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova (ASEM) and the Moldova State Agricultural University (UASM). The largest private university is the Free International University of Moldova (ULIM).
There are also state universities in the cities of Bălţi, Comrat, Cahul and Taraclia. A special case is the only Transnistrian "Taras Shevchenko" University of Tiraspol, located in the separatist part of Transnistria, with branches in Rîbniţa and Bender (Tighina), which is the only university in the "Pridnestrovian Moldovan Republic", which is not recognized under international law.
The Republic of Moldova joined the Bologna Process in 2005. The implementation is inconsistent. For a large part of the degree programs, the old diploma degree (after five years) was switched to a two-tier system with a 3 + 2 schedule. For some subjects such as teacher training, however, the 4 + 1 scheme applies. In principle, three years are planned for doctoral studies. In Transnistria, on the other hand, they are guided by the educational policy of the Russian Federation; the provisions of the Bologna Process are only being implemented there slowly and in selected subjects. After the Liberal Party left the Moldovan government coalition in May 2017, the Ministry of Education was merged with the Ministry of Culture to form the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. The ministry is now headed by Monica Babuc.
Author: Dr. Josef Sallanz, editor in Chişinău and DAAD Bonn
The DAAD is represented in Moldova with a lectureship at the Ion Creangă State Pedagogical University in Chişinău.
Individual advice on scientific cooperation with Moldova
This actively supports German universities in setting up and developing their international collaborations.
As an employee of a German university, KIWi advises you on how to identify suitable cooperation partners in Moldova and supports you with information on funding instruments and financing options for your cooperation project. There are also tips on how to successfully manage and develop existing collaborations.
We advise you individually, by phone or email:
- Make an appointment for a personal consultation. You can reach the KIWi hotline to make an appointment at 0228 882 9 882, this is manned on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m.
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