How do moles develop on our bodies
Mole: Information in the animal lexicon
The Mole (Talpa) is an insect eater and belongs to the class of mammals. There are over 35 different types in total. In Central Europe, however, only the European mole (Talpa europaea) to be found.
General information about the mole
The European mole grows up to 17 centimeters long and can weigh up to 120 grams. It has an elongated shape and a tail about three centimeters long. The fur of the mole is short, very dense and mostly dark gray. Tail, nose and feet are hairless. The ear openings are hidden in the fur, the eyes are only very tiny and therefore hardly visible. The mole's hands are turned outward and shovel-shaped. They serve as tools for digging.
By the way: The name "Mole" is derived from the Old High German word Moltewurf ab - Molte means earth. Thus the mole is translated as "earth thrower".
What does a mole eat?
The mole feeds on insects and earthworms. He finds this when digging underground, when roaming his underground passages or sometimes on the surface of the earth when he comes out of his burrow. One mole per year up to 25 kilograms of earthworms eat!
How does a mole live?
The mole spends most of its life underground. There he digs a ramified system of corridors. The earth that the animal shovels out in the process piles up into piles of earth, which are also often called molehills. A mole can dig tunnels up to 75 meters long in one night! The insectivores do not have a day and night rhythm.
Moles are loners. But once a year a female mole gives birth to up to nine young. The little ones are naked and helpless. They are suckled by the mother for three to eight weeks. The habitat of these animals extends across North America, Europe and parts of Asia. Moles live between three and six years at the most.
Are moles at risk?
In the past, moles were hunted for their fur, but today the animals have been under nature protection since 1988. Some gardeners don't like this at all, as the mole damages many plants when digging: the hills spoil the lawn and the beds. Voles also like to use the tunnels to get to the underground plant roots. Even so, it is important to live in harmony with the mole - because it eats pests and is very beneficial for the environment
What is special about moles?
The mole is almost blind, the animal can only distinguish between light and dark. The mole has special tactile organs for this (Tactile cells) and whiskers on the snout, which help him find his way around and forage.
Wanted poster: mole
- Surname: Mole
- Scientific name: Talpa
- size: 17 centimeters long
- Weight: Weighing 120 grams
- lifespan: 3 to 6 years
- habitat: underground in meadows and gardens
- nutrition: Insects, earthworms, annelids
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