Why does Georgia have two capitals

Georgia

Semi-Presidential Republic
independent since 1991

Region:

Middle East

Surface:

69,700 km²

Local name:

საქართველო / Sakartwelo

Capital:

Tbilisi


geography

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region on the Black Sea. The land has a total area of ​​69,700 km² and a total coastline of 310 km. This land mass corresponds to about 20% of the size of Germany. Georgia is the 18th smallest country in Asia and 122nd worldwide. It is at an average altitude of 1432 m above sea level and is therefore one of the highest countries in the world.

There are direct national borders with the 4 neighboring countries Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia and Turkey. The distance between Berlin and the capital Tbilisi is approximately 2,640 km.

Current time in Georgia:

00:00

May 2021


Georgia Time (GET) is the countrywide time in Georgia. Unlike in Germany, however, there is no summer time here. So there is a time difference of 3 hours in winter. In summer, however, the time difference is 2 hours.
Sunrise + sunset
The currency in Georgia is the Georgian Lari (GEL).
1 Lari is divided into 100 Tetri.
Status: May 21, 2021

1 euro = 4.12 lari
1 lari = 0.24 euros

The climate in Georgia

A temperate climate zone determines the weather in Georgia. As everywhere in the northern hemisphere, the days in the summer months not only get warmer but also longer. The average maximum daily temperatures are between 10 and 31 degrees, depending on the season. In some parts of the country, the values ​​can reach up to 32 degrees during the day. In the colder months, depending on the region, the temperature drops to 2 ° C in the monthly mean at night.

Average day and night temperatures


languages

National language:

Georgian



Religions

directiondistribution
Apostolic Christians3,9%
Orthodox83,9%
Catholics0,8%
Muslims9,9%
non-denominational0,7%
other0,8%

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economy


According to the definition of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Georgia is one of the developing countries due to its economic performance. With an HDI (Human Development Index) of 0.812, Georgia is one of the most highly developed economies according to the UN definition. However, the IMF does not share this classification.

Land use

5% urban areas:3,603 km²
37% agriculture:25,559 km²
41% forests:28,312 km²
0% water surface:210 km²
18% other areas:12,226 km²

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traffic

Road network:20,295 km
Rail network:1,363 km
Commercial ports:82
›Airports:22

The main cities





Political indicators

(Based on the World Bank's "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project)


Political stability:

Rule of law:

Effectiveness:

Regulatory quality:

Freedom of speech:

Death penalty:abolished in 1997



Memberships