What is the full form of the CSCE

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January 15, 1989 is the final in Vienna
document of the viennese ksze follow-up meeting, which took place on
Beginning November 4, 1986 and January 19, 1989
has ended, has been adopted. the official
the german version of the final document has
the following wording:

(part one of six)

the representatives of the participating countries of the conference about
security and cooperation in europe (ksze), belgium,
bulgaria, denmark, german democratic republic,
Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France,
greece, holy seat, ireland, iceland, italy,
yugoslavia, canada, liechtenstein, luxembourg, malta, monaco,
netherlands, norway, austria, poland, portugal, romania,
san marino, sweden, switzerland, spain,
Czechoslovakia, Turkey, Hungary, Union of Socialists
soviet republics, united kingdom, united states
of america and cyprus, met in vienna on november 4th
1986 to January 19, 1989 in accordance with the
provisions of the final act regarding the consequences of
conference as well as on the basis of the other relevant
ksze documents.
the austrian chancellor judged on 4.
November 1986 an address to the participants.
Declarations of opening were made by all delegation heads,
many ministers and deputy ministers among them
participating states, submitted. some foreign ministers judged
also in later phases the word to the meeting.
a representative of the secretary general of the united nations
addressed an address to the participants. contributions were
by representatives of the economic commission of the united
nations for europe (ece) and unesco.
The following non-participants also contributed
Mediterranean countries: egypt, algeria, israel,
lebanon, libya, morocco, syria and tunisia.
the representatives of the participating states acknowledged the
ksze process and underlined its essential role in
the strengthening of trust, the opening of new paths
cooperation, promoting respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms and thus consolidation
international security.
the participating states welcomed the favorable developments
in the international situation since the conclusion of the madrider
met in 1983 and were satisfied that the
ksze process contributed to these developments. you
put intensification of political dialogue
between them as well as the main progress made in the
negotiations on military security and disarmament
firmly and agreed that to consolidate this positive
developments as well as to bring about a substantial
further improve their mutual relationships
increased efforts should be made. you
therefore reaffirmed their determination to comply with all provisions
the final act as well as the other ksze documents unilaterally,
to be carried out in full bilaterally and multilaterally.
as planned in the agenda of the viennese meeting,
took place between the representatives of the participating states
in-depth exchange of views on both the
Implementation of the provisions of the Final Act and the
final document from madrid and the execution
the tasks defined by the conference as well as in
in connection with the questions dealt with by her, about
deepening their mutual relationships
improving security and developing the
cooperation in europe and the development of the
relaxation process will take place in the future.
during this exchange of views they checked
participating states in detail and in all details the
Execution of the final act and the final
document of madrid. different and at times
Opposing views were about the extent of the
making these commitments a reality.
while there were encouraging developments in many areas
were noted, the participating States criticized the
ongoing serious deficiencies in the implementation
of these documents.
on the application of and respect for the principles of
the final act was an open and frank discussion.
there were some serious injuries
These principles expressed concern.
intensive discussions in which opposing points of view
were expressed in particular related to questions of the
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. the
Participating States agreed that the unrestricted
respect the principles in all their aspects for the
improving their mutual relationships is essential.
carrying out of provisions of the final act
regarding confidence-building measures, regarding
cooperation in the fields of economy, of
science and technology and the environment, related questions
security and cooperation in the mediterranean region as well
regarding cooperation in humanitarian and other areas
areas was discussed. also the implementation
the provisions of the final document of
madrid and other ksze documents. it
it was believed that the final act
The numerous possibilities offered are not sufficient
mass were realized.
participating states also expressed concern about that
increased terrorism and condemned it unreservedly.
the discussion reflected the ksze process in his
broader context and confirmed the
need to implement the provisions of the
final act to take into account its global dimension.
in their deliberations, the representatives take into account the
participating states the results

- the stockholm conference on trust and
security measures and disarmament in europe,

- the meeting of experts in athens to take the exam and
elaboration of a generally acceptable method of
peaceful settlement of disputes with the aim of
to continue adding to existing methods,

- the venice seminar on economic,
scientific and cultural cooperation in
mediterranean region,

- to ask about the ottawa expert meeting
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in
their states in all their aspects, as in the final act
set,

- the Budapest "cultural forum",

- the Bern expert meeting on human contacts.

Participating States also acknowledged that on
August 1, 1985 in Helsinki the tenth anniversary of the
signing the final act had been committed.
the participating states reaffirmed their commitment to
continuation of the ksze process as described in the
final act contained chapters on the consequences of the
conference was agreed. recognizing that a
balanced progress with the inclusion of all parts of the
final act is necessary, they expressed their determination to
also new opportunities for your cooperation
use and came to appropriate decisions
follow-up events.
the representatives of the participating states checked all of this
meet the proposals submitted and agreed the following:

security issues in europe

the participating states show their determination to
Expression,

- on the current positive development in yours
Build relationships for relaxation in the universal
meaning to a viable, comprehensive and genuine
to make process

- your responsibility for the complete implementation
that in the final file and other ksze-documents
to undertake the obligations contained therein,

- Focused on finding solutions to your problems
burden relationships, as well as the strengthening of guarantees
for international peace and security
try to

- the cooperation and dialogue between you
promote the effective exercise of human rights
and to guarantee fundamental freedoms and
interpersonal contacts and interpersonal
to facilitate communication,

- Make new efforts to help with the
consolidation of trust and security as well as
Promote disarmament to achieve further progress.

principles

(1)
the participating states reaffirm their commitment
towards all ten principles of the declaration of the
final act on the principles governing relations
of the participating states, as well as their determination to
to respect them and to put them into practice. the
participating States reaffirm that all of these
principles are of fundamental importance and consequently
be applied equally and without reservation,
taking each of them with due regard to the other
is interpreted.
(2)
They emphasize that these principles are respected
and their full application, as well as the strict
compliance with all ksze obligations derived from them
of great political importance and
essential for building trust and security
as well as for the development of their friendships
relationships and their cooperation in all
areas are.
(3)
in this context you confirm that you do so
right of every other participating state
political, social, economic and cultural
system freely to choose and develop as well as be
law, its laws and regulations, its practice
and to determine politics, be respected. in practice
These rights will guarantee that your
laws and regulations, their practices and policies with
comply with your international legal obligations
and with the provisions of the declaration about
the principles and with other ksze obligations
be brought into harmony.
(4)
they further affirm that all peoples by virtue of the
principle of equality and the right to self-determination
the peoples and according to the relevant
provisions of the final act at any time the right
have full freedom, when and how you want it,
your internal and external political status
without outside interference to determine their political,
economic, social and cultural development
to pursue according to your own wishes.
(5)
they acknowledge their commitment to the principle
the territorial integrity of the states strictly and effectively
to be observed. you will avoid any injury
this principle and therefore every action included,
which contradict the aims and principles of the
charter of the united nations, others
international legal obligations or the provisions of
final act directly or indirectly on the violation of the
territorial integrity, political independence or
aims at unity of a state. no actions or
situations that contradict this principle
are listed by the participating states as
legally recognized.
(6)
the participating states are committed to theirs
commitment to the principle of peaceful
settling disputes in the belief that there is
an essential addition to the state's duty is
accept the threat or use of force
included, both principles being essential
factors for the maintenance and consolidation of peace and
of safety are. they bring your determination
To express this, continue to strive on the
basis of the relevant provisions of
final act and the final document of
madrid and taking into account the reports of the
expert meeting of montreux and athens one
generally acceptable method of peaceful settlement
of disputes to examine and elaborate in order to
to complement existing methods. in this
in the context they basically accept the
mandatory consultation of a third party if a
Dispute not resolved by other peaceful means
can be.
(7)
about the gradual implementation of this commitment
- including the obligatory consultation of a
third party to regulate certain categories of
Disputes as the first step - to ensure
Decide from January 15 to February 8, 1991
to convene a meeting of experts in valletta, one thing
list of such categories and their corresponding
to develop procedures and mechanisms. this list
would have to be expanded gradually as a result. the
will also meet the possibility for the creation
of mechanisms to induce binding
consider third-party decisions.
the next ksze follow-up meeting will be at
expert meetings assess progress achieved.
agenda, schedule and other organizational modalities
are included in Appendix I.
(8)
the participating states condemn everyone without reservation
acts, methods and practices of
terrorism, wherever and by whomever perpetrated it
be considered criminal acts, including
even those who have friendly relations
between states and their security threats, and
agree that terrorism is under
no circumstances can be justified.
(9)
they express their determination, both bilaterally
as well as in multilateral cooperation,
especially in the context of international forums such as the
united nations, international civil aviation
organization and the international maritime
organization, and in accordance with the relevant
provisions of the final act and the
final document from madrid on the eradication of the
work towards terrorism.
(10)
Convinced of the need to take action
national level with a stronger international level
to combine cooperation, express the
participating states their intention
(10.1)
- one against the demands of terrorists
to adopt an unyielding stance,
(10.2)
- bilateral and multilateral cooperation
between them to prevent and
to strengthen the fight against terrorism and to
develop as well as the effectiveness of the existing
cooperation at bilateral level or in
to increase the framework of groups of states, as far as
appropriate also on the way of the
information exchange,
(10.3)
- illegal activities by persons, groups or
organizations on your territory
prevent the perpetration of terrorist or
subversive or other, on the violent
overthrow another's regime
incite participating state-directed acts, you
organize or participate in
(10.4)
- effective measures to prevent and
fight against terrorist acts
take action against diplomatic or consular
representatives are directed, as well as measures against
acts of terrorism involving violation
the vienna diplomatic convention
and consular relations, in particular
their provisions regarding diplomatic
and consular privileges and immunities,
respectively,
(10.5)
- the extradition or judicial prosecution of
persons involved in acts of terrorism
participate, guarantee and in cases of
conflicts of jurisdiction, several of which
States are affected to work closely together,
in both respects according to the
relevant international conventions
Action,
(10.6)
- joining the relevant international
convention on the defense of
consider terrorism if not already
happened
(10.7)
- in the appropriate international bodies
continue work to take action against the
improve and expand terrorism and
to ensure that the relevant
agreement of as many states as possible
are accepted and adhered to.
(11)
You affirm that you have human rights and
fundamental freedoms, including thought,
freedom of conscience, religion and belief, for
all without distinction of race, sex, of
language or religion will be respected. you
further confirm the universal meaning of the
human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for them
essential factor for peace, justice and
security is required in turn to maintain the
developing friendly relationships and the
cooperation between them and between all states
to guarantee.
(12)
they express their determination to be effective
exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms
to guarantee that all out of the man
indwelling would be surrendered and for its free
and full development are essential. they acknowledge
that all civil, political, economic, social,
cultural and other rights and freedoms of
are of paramount importance and must be offered with all
standing means realized in full
Need to become.
(13)
in this context they will
(13.1)
- your laws and regulations as well as your practice in the
area of ​​civil, political, economic,
social, cultural and other
further develop human rights and fundamental freedoms and
realize to the effective exercise of this
to guarantee rights and freedoms,
(13.2)
- accession to the international pact
civil and political rights (international
conventions on civil and political rights), the
international pact on economic, social
and cultural rights (international convention
about economic, social and cultural
rights), the optional protocol to the international
pact on civil and political rights
and to other relevant international ones
consider documents if so
has not yet happened
(13.3)
- the text of the final act, the final
document of madrid and this one
document as well as all other pertinent ones
international documents to ask of the
publish and disseminate human rights to
ensure that these documents are in your
entirety are available, one as possible
and inform the general public about it
all people in their countries in particular
make it accessible via public libraries,
(13.4)
- the right of the individual, his rights and
to know and to exercise one's duties in this field,
effectively guarantee and for this purpose all
laws, regulations and
procedural rules on human rights and
publish fundamental freedoms and make them accessible,
(13.5)
- respect the rights of all your citizens, individually or
actively promoting in cooperation with others
and to protect human rights and
to contribute fundamental freedoms,
(13.6)
- in schools and other educational institutions
for treatment of promotion and protection
human rights and fundamental freedoms
stimulate
(13.7)
- everyone in their area and yours
person under jurisdiction human rights
and basic freedom without a difference how
in particular race, skin color, gender,
the language, the religion, the political or
other view, national or
social origin, wealth, birth or
to guarantee the rest of the status,
(13.8)
- Make sure that no person has these rights
and freedoms for himself or who claims
expresses intention or attempts to do so, or
a member of her family as a result of this in
is disadvantaged in any way,
(13.9)
- ensure that those people who have a
violation of your human rights and fundamental freedoms
Assert effective legal remedies as well
full information is available
- stand, they will include the following
Using remedies effectively:
- the right of the individual, with input
enforcement, legislative, judicial or
administrative bodies seek remedial action,
- the right to a just and public
negotiation before an independent and
impartial court within a reasonable time
deadline, including the right, legal
to submit justifications and by a
to be represented by legal counsel of one's own choice,
- the right, without delay and on the official way
about any decision based on a vocation
was taken to be notified below
among other things also about the legal basis,
on the basis of which the decision was made. these
notification is usually in writing
give, but in any case in such a way that the affected person is in
is able to have more available
to make effective use of legal remedies,
(14)
Participating States recognize that the
promotion of economic, social and cultural
rights as well as civil and political rights
for human dignity and the realization of
legitimate aspirations of each and every one of
is paramount. therefore they become yours
continue efforts to gradually reduce the
full realization of economic,
social and cultural rights by all appropriate means,
in particular also by legislative
measures to achieve. be in this context
you have problems in the areas of employment,
housing, social security, health, education
and pay special attention to culture. you
will be constant progress at
realization of all rights and freedoms in your
countries as well as in the development of relationships
between them and with other states promote so
everyone actually to the full enjoyment of his
economic, social and cultural as well as
of his civil and political rights.
(15)
the participating States reaffirm their determination to
equal rights for men and women
guarantee. therefore they are all required
take - including legislative - measures to
an equally effective participation of men
and women in the political, economic, social
and to promote cultural life. they will be the
possibility of joining the agreement on
elimination of all forms of discrimination against women in
give consideration if you have not already done so
is.
(16)
in order to guarantee the freedom of the individual
to profess one's religion or beliefs
and it will be up to the participating states to exercise them
amongst other things
(16.1) - take effective measures to address a
religion or belief based
discrimination against individuals or communities
in recognition, practice and enjoyment of
human rights and fundamental freedoms in all
areas of civil, political, economic,
to prevent social and cultural life
and eliminate and the real equality
between believers and non-believers too
guarantee,
(16.2)
- an atmosphere of mutual tolerance and
respect between believers of different people
communities as well as between
create believers and disbelievers,
(16.3)
- religious communities of believers who live in
constitutional framework of your state
work or are ready to work at your request
to grant recognition of the status that
is intended for you in your respective country,
(16.4)
- respect the rights of this religious community,
- freely accessible prayer and
to set up and maintain meeting places,
- according to their own hierarchical and
organize the institutional structure,
- your staff in agreement with yours
respective requirements and standards as well
with any between you and your state
voluntarily agreed regulations
to select, appoint and exchange,
- voluntary contributions in financial or
to request and receive another form,
(16.5)
- consultations with religious representatives
creeds, institutions and organizations
record to get a better understanding for the
to achieve the requirements of religious freedom,
(16.6)
- Respect the right of everyone, religious instruction
in the language of his choice individually or in
to give and share with others
receive,
(16.7)
- in this context, among others, the
freedom of the parents respect the religious and
moral education of your children in harmony
with their own beliefs
to ensure
(16.8)
- the training of personal religious
allow communities in suitable institutions to
(16.9)
- the right of individual believers and
respect religious communities, religious books
and publications in your language
choice as well as others, the practice of a religion
or objects serving conviction and
to acquire, own and own materials
use,
(16.10)
- religious creeds, institutions and
organizations producing, importing and
dissemination of religious publications and
allow materials,
(16.11)
- the interest of religious communities, am
public dialogue including by means of
mass media to participate, benevolently examine.
(17)
Participating States recognize that the
exercise of the above-mentioned rights with regard to the
freedom of religion and belief only such
may be subject to restrictions enshrined in law
are and with their international law and others
Consistent with international commitments. you
are in their laws and regulations and by theirs
application the complete and actual
realization of thought, conscience, religion and
guarantee freedom of belief.
(18)
the participating states will become indispensable
endeavor to comply with the provisions of the final act and the
final document from madrid in view of this
to carry out on national minorities. you will be
all necessary legal, administrative,
take judicial and other measures and
the relevant international documents, through
which they may be bound to apply to
the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms
of affiliated national minorities on theirs
to guarantee territory. they will each
contain discrimination against these people
realizing their legitimate interests and
efforts in the field of human rights and
contribute to fundamental freedoms.
(19)
they will be ethnic, cultural, linguistic and
religious identity of national minorities on theirs
protect the territory and conditions for the
to promote this identity. they become the free ones
exercise of rights by relatives of such
respect minorities and their full equality with
other guarantee.
(20)
the participating states become the right of everyone
- to freedom of movement and choice of
place of residence within the borders of each state
and
- when leaving any country, including his
own, and on return to his country
respect unreservedly.
(21)
the participating states will ensure that the
exercise of the above rights of any kind
subject to restrictions, with the exception of those specified in
are enshrined in law and with their international law
obligations, especially the international one
pact on civil and political rights, and with
your other international obligations,
in particular the general explanation of the
human rights, be in tune. these restrictions
have the character of exceptions. the
participating states will ensure that these
restrictions are not abusive and arbitrary
be applied, but in a form that complies with the
effective exercise of these rights.
(22)
in this context they all become
Refugees who so wish, allow them to be safe
to return home.
(23)
the participating states will
(23.1)
- ensure that nobody is arbitrary
arrested, detained or of the country
is referred,
(23.2)
- Ensure that anyone who is arrested or
being held in custody, human and under
respect for what is inherent in man
would be treated
(23.3)
- the minimum principles of the united nations for
the treatment of prisoners as well as the
code of conduct of the united nations for
law enforcement officers comply,
(23.4)
- torture and other kinds of cruel,
inhuman or degrading treatment or
prohibit punishment and effective legal,
administrative, judicial and other
take action to prevent such practices
prevent and punish
(23.5)
- the accession to the convention against torture and
other cruel, inhuman or
Consider degrading treatment or punishment
if this has not already happened,
(23.6)
- the individual before all psychiatric or
other medical practices that protect
a violation of human rights and
represent fundamental freedoms and effective measures
to prevent and punish such
meet practices.
(24)
the participating states ask about the question
The death penalty states that a number of them do this
abolished punishment. in participating countries where
the death penalty has not yet been abolished
death sentence only for the most serious crimes
the one at the time of the crime
applicable legislation and not under
disregard of their international obligations
become. this question will be pursued further. the
participating states are in this context in
relevant international organizations
work together.
(25)
with a view to developing mutual
understanding and trust, the promotion
friendly and good neighborly relationships that
consolidation of international peace and security
and justice and to an improved
implementation of their ksze obligations will be the
participating countries further develop cooperation
and the dialogue between you in all areas and
at all levels on the basis of full equality
promote. they agree that the complete
respect for the principles and their application and
Execution of other ksze-provisions yours
improve relationships and develop your
will drive cooperation. you will be
to abstain from any act that would lead to the
provisions of the final act and other ksze documents
disagrees and acknowledge that any such
act affect the relationships between them
and hinder the development of their cooperation
would.
(26)
they affirm that governments, institutions,
organizations and people a significant and
positive role to achieve your goals
cooperation as well as the full realization of the
final act to contribute. for this purpose they will
the right of persons who carry out the
Observe and promote kszegesteterminations and yourself
to join forces with others for this purpose,
respect, think highly of. you will become direct contacts and communication
between these people, organizations and
institutions within the participating countries as well as
between participating states facilitating and legal
and administrative impairments that are not the
comply with ksze regulations wherever they exist
are, eliminate. they also become effective
take action to access information
about carrying out of ksze-determinations
and freedom of expression on these issues too
facilitate.
(27)
the participating states received a report from
expert meetings to ask about the respect of the
human rights and fundamental freedoms in their states in all
its aspects, as stipulated in the final act, the
Held in Ottawa from May 7 to June 17, 1985
has been. they welcomed the fact that there were questions
central interest in open discussions
came. they realized these discussions
did not result in consensual conclusions
had, and agreed that such
in-depth exchange of views is a valuable one in itself
contribution to the ksze process. In this regard
it was specially noted that at the meeting
submitted proposals again at the follow-up meeting in vienna
were picked up. they welcomed them too
decision of the participants, parts of the meeting public
accessible, and found that this
practice at later meetings was further developed.
(follows part two of six)