What are the Minoans known for?

What do the Minoans have to do with Crete? And what kind of people were they anyway? That is what this chapter is about, which will be expanded further.

Who or what were the Minoans?

The first high culture in Europe emerged around 2000 BC. BC on the coasts of Crete and was founded by the Minoans. Their name is derived from the mythological king Minos - son of Zeus from the connection with the Europe he kidnapped.

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Where does the term "Minoan Era / Culture" come from?

The term has a lot to do with Knossos, and at least a little to do with King Minos. The English archaeologist Arthur Evans (* 1851 / ° 1941) coined the term “Minoan Era” or “Minoan Culture”.

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Who was the namesake of the "Minoan Era / Culture"?

That was the English archaeologist Arthur Evans (* 1851 / ° 1941), who based the naming on the Cretan King Minos. Minos is the one who became known in mythology, among other things, from the story about the monster named Minotaur imprisoned in the labyrinth of Knossos.

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What exactly does the term "Minoan Era / Culture" mean?

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Danish archaeologist Christian Jürgensen Thomsen (* 1788 / ° 1865) developed the so-called three-period system: Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. A division that was intended to give archeology a structure for researching European prehistory.

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What is meant when the so-called palace times are referred to in connection with the “Minoan culture”?

Basically, the "Minoan Epoch / Culture" is a period that roughly corresponds to the Bronze Age (roughly from 2600/2200 to 1100/800 BC).

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What does the term “pre-palace period” mean?

Although a basic chronological breakdown of the roughly from 2600/2200 to 1100/800 BC The period of "Minoan culture" that lasted until now, as it seems, has so far been difficult to find by archaeologists, the theory of the Greek archaeologist Nikolaos Plato (* 1909 / ° 1992) is (for the time being) used.

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What does the term "Elder Palace Era" mean?

The term “older palace period” outlines the second part of the chronology of the “Minoan epoch / culture” developed by the Greek archaeologist Nikolaos Platon (* 1909 / ° 1992).

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What is actually meant by the term “Younger Palace Era”?

The term “Younger Palace Period” (from around 1700 to 1400 BC) describes the third subdivision of the “Minoan culture”, which can be traced back to the Greek archaeologist Nikolaos Plato (* 1909 / ° 1992). Archaeologists are interested in the time after the great earthquake of 1700 BC. Chr.

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Why is the “post-palace period” also called “the Mycenaean period”?

Because around 1400 BC Mycenaean Achaeans from mainland Greece began to conquer Crete and the island degraded to a Mycenaean colony, so to speak.

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Knossos - what is it?

Knossos is now an archaeological excavation site on the Greek island of Crete, about five kilometers outside the city of Heraklion. In ancient times one of the most important cities of the so-called "Minoan culture".

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All questions about the Minoans at a glance

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