How does Ron Paul feel about immigration?

"Migration and Population" newsletter

Despite declining numbers, the issue of illegal immigration is the subject of heated debate in this year's US presidential election campaign. A contest has broken out among Republican candidates over who will crack down hardest on irregular migration. At the same time, the votes of the Hispanic-American population continue to gain in importance.

The primary campaign for this year's presidential election in the United States will be dominated by three themes: job creation, the economic situation and reducing the budget deficit. However, since it is mainly conservative Americans who see irregular immigration as the cause of problems such as the overloading of the school, social and health systems, the displacement of local workers and the threat to internal security, the Republican candidates try their hand at intra-party competition for the Profiling the presidential candidacy with particularly rigid positions.

republican

Mitt Romney, who is considered a possible challenger to President Barack Obama (Democrats), distanced himself, among others. from his previous positions in support of partial amnesty for undocumented immigrants. He also announced that he would block the DREAM Act - a bill to legalize young migrants - (cf. MuB 8/11, 8/10) with a veto in the event of an election victory if the law were to pass both chambers of the US Congress . Rick Santorum also spoke out against any form of partial amnesty and in favor of extending the fence on the US's southern border with Mexico. Ron Paul even called for US soldiers withdrawn from Afghanistan and Iraq to be deployed on the southern border and for the automatic acquisition of US citizenship at birth in the US to be abolished. Only Newt Gingrich and Jon Huntsman, who has since left the competition, have so far represented more moderate positions.

Democrats

In the 2008 election, President Obama received about two-thirds of the vote in the Hispanic group. In the election campaign at the time, he promised, among other things, a comprehensive reform of the immigration system (cf. MuB 4/09, 1/09). Since this reform has not yet taken place in the face of the Obama administration's initial reluctance, but above all because of the resistance on the part of the Republicans, the Obama administration has been accused of inaction by both immigrant organizations and the Republicans (cf. MuB 3/11). In early January, the Obama administration announced a long-awaited reform to speed up and simplify the visa application process for family members of US citizens living abroad. In addition, the government placed a focus on irregular migrants with a criminal background when it came to deportations (cf. MuB 9/11, 9/10). Most importantly, however, the Democrats stress that, unlike the Republicans, they would uphold government income support programs for poor families. Many Hispanic American families also benefit from these programs.

background

According to figures from the Department of Homeland Security, illegal immigration on the border with Mexico has declined to what it was in the early 1970s. While 1.1 million people were apprehended while attempting to enter illegally in the 2000 financial year (cf. MuB 8/02), this number was only 330,000 in the 2010/11 financial year. The reasons for this considerable decline are primarily to be found in the decrease in job opportunities as a result of the economic crisis and the border control policy, which has been steadily tightened since September 2001 (cf. MuB 4/10, 9/05, 7/02).

Role of Hispanics

Hispanic-Americans are by far the largest population group among the ethnic minorities (cf. MuB 2/03). They play an increasingly important role in elections (cf. MuB 6/04). This applies above all to the so-called swing states, i.e. those states in which the gap between Democrats and Republicans is only small, so that they could have a decisive influence on the election. These include those states that have a large Hispanic American population, including Colorado, Florida, Nevada, and New Mexico. According to a poll by the Pew Hispanic Center, despite all the criticism, 68% of eligible Hispanics would still vote for Barack Obama and only about 23% for his possible Republican challenger Mitt Romney. sta

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