How fast is the response time of a police force

Accessibility by the police

For the rescue service (paramedic, emergency doctor, fire brigade) there are state-specific requirements for the so-called response time (in some cases also response time, arrival time, intervention time) (see Table 2) - the time from receipt of an emergency call to arrival at the scene of action -, which is made up of the reporting deadline, discussion and disposition time, release time and travel time.

(See Table 2: Rescue service deadlines by federal state)

In contrast to the emergency services, there are no defined deadlines for the police. This lack of deadlines for assistance for the police, analogous to deadlines for assistance in the rescue service, is among other things. This is due to the fact that when the police are on duty, unlike the ambulance service, they do not necessarily move from a fixed base. Different case constellations must therefore be taken into account for the police on duty, which are reflected in different reaction times. The average reaction times in the individual federal states can provide an indication of the average time it takes the police to reach the site. However, these are difficult to research. For example, the average response time in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is 21.44 minutes, in Schleswig-Holstein 12.2 minutes, in North Rhine-Westphalia 14 minutes, in Berlin 8.1 minutes, and in Saxony-Anhalt 24.43 minutes. These examples show that the average police response times vary from state to state, e.g. T. differ considerably.

With regard to the response times, it should also be borne in mind that, on the one hand, the response times of the police are very different regionally, even within a federal state 5 so that z. B. National averages are not very meaningful and, on the other hand, average response times do not necessarily have to coincide with social expectations of an adequate response time. In discussions about deadlines for help for the police, an orientation to the rescue deadlines or a time span of 8 to 10, occasionally 15 minutes, is often required as an appropriate response time. From this it can be concluded that police reaction times of more than 15 minutes can be rated as suboptimal.

In the accessibility model, only the actual travel times (travel time) are taken into account. Not taken into account are the reporting deadline that cannot be planned in advance, the discussion and disposition time, which in the rescue service i. d. Usually between 1 minute and 1.5 minutes, as well as the release time, which is i. d. Usually between 1 minute and 4 minutes. Together with the considerations on reaction times at the police, this means that travel times of more than approx. 10 minutes determined in the accessibility model indicate a rather suboptimal accessibility by the police.

The 2nd part of the analysis appears in CP 1/20.