The grades go back in public schools

Grading and promotion

Fundamental questions of grading are regulated for all types of schools in the ordinance of the Ministry of Culture on the formation of grades (NVO).

In addition, the overall teachers' conference, in agreement with the school conference at the individual school, makes regulations as to the maximum number of class tests per week, whether a class test above a certain average should be submitted to the headmaster for examination, whether a class test must also include the grade Class average is to be given, recommendations for grading and others.

The formation of the grade is a pedagogical and technical overall assessment of all the performance achieved by the student in the assessment period. Since the grading results from the lessons taking into account a large number of factors, the subject teacher has a margin of appreciation in the grading that can only be legally checked to a limited extent.

However, the teacher must observe the legal requirements when giving grades, in particular the transparency requirement (§ 7 NVO):

At the beginning of the school year, the subject teacher has to tell the students how he usually weights the various achievements (oral, written, practical).

Upon request, the teacher must be able to provide the students with information about the status of their oral or practical performance at any time, Section 7 (4) NVO. In the case of a special oral examination, e.g. in the case of a specific query, he must inform the student of the grade of his own accord.

The teacher must explain to the students the decisive criteria of the performance evaluation, e.g. in class work, indication of the grading scale and expectation horizon (§ 7 Paragraph 3 NVO).