What are soil plants


A plant is a living being. Plants are one of six great realms in biology, the science of life. Animals are a different kingdom. Well-known plants are trees and flowers. Mosses are also plants, whereas fungi belong to another realm.

Most of the plants live on the ground. They have roots in the earth with which they bring water and other substances to life from the ground. Above the earth is a trunk or stem. The leaves grow on it. Plants consist of many small cells with a nucleus and a cell envelope.

A plant needs the light of the sun. The energy from the light helps the plant to produce its food. To do this, it has a special substance in the leaves, chlorophyll, i.e. kloro fill.

What are pioneer plants?

The coltsfoot is a typical pioneer plant. It prefers to grow where there is hardly any soil.

Pioneer plants are plants that grow first in a special place. Such places suddenly arise from landslides, volcanic eruptions, after floods, after forest fires, when glaciers retreat and so on. Such locations can also be freshly dug trenches or leveled areas on building plots. Pioneer plants need special properties:

One quality is the way the pioneer plants spread. The seeds must be such that they can fly far with the wind, or birds carry them with them and excrete them with their droppings.

The second quality concerns the frugality with the soil. A pioneer plant must not make any claims. It has to do almost or even completely without fertilizer. This is achieved by being able to obtain the fertilizer from the air or together with certain bacteria from the soil. This is how the alders do it, for example.

Typical pioneer plants are also birch, willow or coltsfoot. However, the pioneer plants shed their leaves or the whole plant dies after a certain period of time. This creates new humus. This allows other plants to spread out. Usually the pioneer plants die off after a certain period of time.