What year did Tarzan take place

The jungle hero "Tarzan" is probably one of the most famous characters in both trivial literature and film. The creator of the legendary ape man is the writer Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875 - 1950), who wrote the dazzling story "Tarzan of the Apes" for the "All-Story" magazine and subsequently other short stories about " Tarzan "published. The starting point of the plot is a plane crash in the jungle, in which Lord and Lady Greystoke are killed. As if by a miracle, their only son survived the catastrophe and is found by a great ape mother who is raising the boy. Tarzan later becomes the leader of the monkeys or the undisputed ruler of the jungle and has countless adventures. Thanks to the books he found in the plane wreck, he also learns about life outside the jungle.
  
Over the decades, the athletic hero, clad only in a loincloth, has captured millions of readers; the number of books and comics that have appeared worldwide cannot be quantified. No wonder that the film also captured the ape man on the screen just a few years after the stories were published. In 1918 the 55-minute silent film "Tarzan of the Apes" was directed by Scott Sidney1) (Tarzan with the Apes) in theaters, Tarzan was played by Elmo Lincoln1) (1889-1952). Back then, the audience could only guess at the legendary Tarzan scream, only with Richard Thorpe's sound film version "Tarzan, the ape man"1) (1932, Tarzan the Ape Man "2)) with the legendary Johnny Weissmüller3) became the famous cry "Aaaeeeooo!" born; In his first film alone, Weissmüller is said to have uttered the world-famous primal scream 69 times, the saying "I, Tarzan, you Jane" made film history. Was Weismüller's competitor, the Olympic swimming champion Buster Crabbe1) (1907 - 1983) with the film "Tarzan the Fearless"4) (1933) encountered rather moderate audience response, Weissmüller mimed the jungle hero in eleven other strips up to 1948, his name remains inextricably linked with "Tarzan" to this day and he became the incarnation of the ape-man par excellence.
Then Lex Barker joined3) (1919 - 1973) in "Tarzan's Magic Fountain"1) (1949, Tarzan and the blue valley) on the scene for the first time and swung through the jungle in four more adventure films: "Tarzan and the Slave Girl"1) (Tarzan and the Slave Girl) hit theaters in 1950, followed by "Tarzan's Peril"1)(1951, Tarzan and the jungle goddess), "Tarzan's Savage Fury"1) (1952, Tarzan, the defender of the jungle) and "Tarzan and the She-Devil"5) (1953, Tarzan breaks the chains).
From the mid-1950s, Gordon Scott appeared1) (1927 - 2007) as "Tarzan on the screen, but could not build on the successes of Barker and certainly not Weissmüller. Scott shot a total of six films with the titles" Tarzan's Hidden Jungle "5) (1955, Tarzan and the Black Demon), "Tarzan and the Lost Safari"1) (1957, Tarzan and the Lost Safari), "Tarzan and the Trappers" (1958, Tarzan and the Hunters), "Tarzan's Fight for Life"1) (1958, Tarzan's Fight for Life), "Tarzan's Greatest Adventure"5) (1959, Tarzan's greatest adventure) and most recently "Tarzan the Magnificent"5) (1960, Tarzan the mighty). Jock Mahoney is more likely to be less known to us4) (1919 - 1989), who played Tarzan in "Tarzan Goes to India" in 19631) (Tarzan conquers India) and "Tarzan's Three Challenges"1) (Tarzan's death duel) acted; Mahoney had already appeared on the side of Gordon Scott in "Tarzan the Magnificent" (1960) and played the prisoner Coy Banton.
Another Tarzan actor is Miles O'Keeffe1) in John Derek's "Tarzan, the Ape Man"1) (1981, Tarzan, Lord of the Apes) to name Christopher Lambert1) played him in Hugh Hudson's spectacle "Greystoke: The Legend Of Tarzan, Lord Of The Apes"1) (1984, Greystoke - The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes). Finally there is the Disney cartoon "Tarzan"1) to mention, which came out in theaters in 1999; the animated jungle hero was originally created by Tony Goldwyn1) spoken, dubbed in the German version by Jaron Löwenberg.
 
Christopher Lambert
The photo was kindly made available to me by photographer Virginia Shue (Hamburg).
Virginia Shue has the copyright.
The series hero "Tarzan" first appeared on NBC on September 18, 1966 in the episode "Eyes of the Lion" (Tarzan and the blind girl) on the American screen and had 57 episodes of 50 minutes each by 1968. Played by Ron Ely, Tarzan appeared in a new light on the series. Unlike his legendary cinema predecessors, he did not grow up in the jungle, had a good education and had the necessary intelligence that was not reduced to scraps of words like "Me, Tarzan, you Jane"; after all, there was no playmate Jane at his side either. Lord Greystoke's son had returned to England after the plane crash and after school decided to visit the jungle again. Together with his animal friend, the chimpanzee Cheetah, and the little orphan boy Jai (Manuel Padilla, Jr.1)) Tarzan is now experiencing many adventures in the jungle, mastering dangerous threats from ivory hunters, escaped convicts or other crooks who are after the quiet in the jungle.
Ron Ely also made five Tarzan feature films that used primarily series footage, including "Tarzan's Jungle Rebellion" (1967), "Tarzan and the Mountains of the Moon" (1967), "Tarzan and the Perils of Charity Jones" (1967), "Tarzan and the Four O'Clock Army" (1968) and "Tarzan's Deadly Silence" (1970).
Protagonist Ron Ely did most of the stunts himself and so most of the action scenes were quite realistic. However, he did not utter the famous Tarzan scream personally; instead of his voice, producer Sy Weintraub had decided to cut Johnny Weissmüller's scream into the respective scene; Incidentally, Weissmüller, who is said to have liked the series a lot, said in various interviews that he invented the Tarzan scream.
  
In Germany, the ZDF showed the episodes from the beginning of January 1971 in the evening program, but until December 1971 only broadcast 49 episodes. From the mid-1980s, repetitions were added on various stations such as SAT.1, Pro Sieben and Kabel 1. In the mid-1990s there was a new edition with Joe Lara4) in the lead role, which came on television in the US with a 90-minute pilot and 21 other stories; with us, RTL2 showed these episodes from "Tarzan - The Return"6) (Tarzan: The Epic Adventures) between June and October 1997.
 
Finally, it should be mentioned that "Tarzan" has now made it onto the musical stage, based on the 1999 Disney film adaptation of the same name. None other than world star Phil Collins1) had the music back then (together with Mark Mancina1)) and composed songs and also wrote the lyrics. Collins received an "Oscar" in 20001) and a "Golden Globe"1) ("Best Song": You'll Be in My Heart) and a "Grammy"1) ("Best Soundtrack"); Incidentally, the soundtrack for the musical reached number 34 on the German album charts. The world premiere of the musical "Tarzan"1) took place on May 10, 2006 at the Richard Rodgers Theater on Broadway and ran there until July 8, 2007 with Josh Strickland1) as the title hero. Since October 2008, German audiences in Hamburg have also been able to watch the performance in the "Neue Flora" theater with Anton Zetterholm1) (First occupation) to be seen as Tarzan. From May 2010 Alexander Klaws took over1) the title role and played it for three years until June 2, 2013. Since November 2013 "Tarzan" with protagonist Gian Marco Schiaretti (→ www.gianmarcoschiaretti.com) can be seen in the "Stage Apollo Theater" in Stuttgart.

See also Wikipedia, www.tv-nostalgie.de, fernsehserien.de
Further links at www.wunschliste.de

Link: 1) Wikipedia (German), 2) prisma.de, 3) short portrait within this HP, 4) Wikipedia (English), 5) film lexicon, 6) fernsehserien.de

The main actor
Ron Ely played the jungle hero Tarzan in the TV series.
 
Born on June 21, 1938 as Ronald Pierce in Hereford (Texas).
  
Before Ron Ely was able to record quite considerable success as "Tarzan", he had been in various cinema productions such as "The Remarkable Mr. Pennypacker" from the mid-1950s.1) (1959, The Honorable Bigamist) or played rather insignificant roles in some television series. His breakthrough as a much sought-after film actor came with the lead role in the series "Tarzan". After the end of his Tarzan era, Ron Ely went to Europe for a short time, played in several adventure films such as Harald Reinl's Jack London adaptation "The Scream of the Black Wolves"2) (1972) or the spaghetti western comedy "Alleluja e Sartana figli di Dio"1) (1972, One Hundred Fists and One Hallelujah). After his return to the USA, he was able to play the title role in Michael Anderson's "Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze"1) (1975, Doc Savage - The Bronze Man) again attracted some attention, but the film flopped at the box office.
In the following years Ely was in front of the camera sporadically, had repeated guest appearances in various series such as "Fantasy Island" (1978-1984), he then received a leading role from 1987 as the successor to Lloyd Bridges3) in the new edition of "Sea Hunt"3) (Adventure under water) and acted 22 episodes the frogman Mike Nelson.
From the 1990s Ely withdrew to a large extent from the film business and began to make a name for himself as a writer of detective novels around the detective Jake Sands, published among others "Night Shadows" and "East Beach".
 
See also Wikipedia (German), Wikipedia (English)
 
More movies*) with Ron Ely
 
Link: 1) film lexicon, 2) Wikipedia, 3) short portrait or description within this HP
The spiritual father of "Tarzan"
Edgar Rice Burroughs was born in Chicago on September 1, 1875. His father, Major George Tyler Burroughs (1833-1913), was a successful businessman or manufacturer who had achieved considerable reputation during the American Civil War. Together with his wife Mary (1840 - 1920), a teacher, he had five other sons, two of whom died in early childhood - Edgar was the youngest son.
"Eddie", as he was affectionately known, was considered a sickly child and attended several schools, was introduced to classical literature and especially Greek mythology at an early age, which later influenced his literary work.
When a flu epidemic raged in Chicago in 1981, his parents sent him to the cattle ranch of his older brothers George and Harry in Idaho for six months, where he came into contact with the adventurous and rough life of those days; then he had to go to the "Phillips Academy" in Andover (Massachusetts), then switched to the military school in Orchard Lake (Michigan), where he graduated in 1895.
Initially, Burroughs wanted to embark on a military career and went to the 7th US Cavalry in Fort Grant (Arizona), when he was diagnosed with a heart defect that made a career as an officer impossible, he left the army after two years and worked until 1899 back at his brother's ranch. He then went back to his native Chicago and joined his father's company. The following year, on January 1, 1900, he married his childhood sweetheart Emma Centennia Hulbert, with whom he set off again for Idaho in 1904. His brothers had since given up the farm in search of a quick buck in favor of gold digging, Burroughs also tried his hand at gold digging and as a railroad police officer in Salt Lake City for a while, but then went back to Chicago frustrated. In the following years Burroughs exercised various activities, among other things as an accountant, salesman and peddler for a miracle medicine. In 1911 he invested the last of his money in a pencil sharpener trading agency and was unsuccessful.
He now had two children, Joan (1908-1972) and Hulbert (1909-1991), who had to be fed alongside his wife. Due to his professional failures, Burroughs was at times deeply depressed and is said to have even thought of suicide. During this time he tried to distract himself with stories in dime magazines, which were booming at the time of the economic depression. After reading countless of these so-called trash novels, he decided to write such short stories himself. He was not completely untrained, had already written some fairy tales and poems for his children, nephews and nieces.
His first work was the exotic story "Dejah Thoris, Martian Princess", which he wrote under the pseudonym Normal Bean for the "All-Story" magazine of the publisher Thomas Metcalf and which he called "Under the Moons of Mars"1) picked up in his sheet; then six episodes were published between February and July 1912; These stories were later published in book form as "A Princess from Mars" (1917, The Princess from Mars), followed by "The Gods of Mars" (1918, goddess of Mars) and "The Warlord of Mars" (1919, The Warlord des Mars) → "John Carter vom Mars" at Wikipedia.
After "The Outlaw of Torn", which Metcalf rejected, Burroughs wrote the fantastic story "Tarzan of the Apes", which appeared in October 1912 under his real name and which over the years would make him world famous. In the same year that Burroughs' third child, son John Coleman (1913-1979) was born, the book version of "Tarzan of the Apes" came out in 1913 and has seen countless new editions around the world to this day. With a total of 26 other "Tarzan" stories and stories from various genres, the author became a wealthy man. In 1919 he bought a large piece of land north of Los Angeles with a ranch which he called "Tarzana" and where, as the self-proclaimed "Lord of Tarzana", he resided very luxuriously with his family. In the course of time, an ever-growing settlement developed around the property, which was granted municipal status in 1928 and is still called "Tarzana" today.
  
Burroughs' more than 70 publications, of which almost 60 were still published during his lifetime, include the horror story "The Monster Men", the historical novel "The Mad King", the Robinson Crusoe-themed adventure "The Cave Girl", the western "The War Chief", the science fiction novel "Pirates of Venus" or the Pellucidar novels about the hero David Innes, who experiences fantastic adventures in the prehistoric interior of the earth. But socially realistic books such as "The Girl From Hollywood" should also be mentioned, but the jungle hero Tarzan was Burroughs' greatest success and made his spiritual father immortal with it - not least because of the many film versions; his last book was published after his death in 1967 under the title "I Am a Barbarian".
In Burrough's work, science fiction of pure teaching is mixed with fantasy. He established stories against a planetary background in science fiction. Burroughs was aware that his literature did not reach the critics. He also never made a secret of the fact that he wrote to make money. His novels and tales have nothing to do with the real world and the problems of his heroes are not everyday problems. Weak in the character drawings, Burroughs' stories are overflowing with ideas and action. The heroes of his novels have various features in common, for example the secret of their origins.Either the heroes never had a childhood or cannot remember it, or they are orphans like "Tarzan" and "The Cave Girl". noted Wikipedia.

Edgar Rice Burroughs died of a heart attack on March 19, 1950 at the age of 74 in Tarzana. Even after his successes and the wealth that came with them, his private life had been rather problematic. In 1934 he divorced his wife Emma, ​​the following year he married Florence Dearholt, with whom he moved to Hawaii in 1940. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in early December 1941, the then 66-year-old Burroughs decided to serve as war correspondent for his country. His second marriage ended in 1942 before the divorce judge, after the end of the war he returned to California and spent his final years in seclusion in a small house near Tarzana.

See also Wikipedia
A lot of information about Edgar Rice Burroughs can be found on the English-language website www.tarzan.org.

Link: 1) Wikipedia