What are the unknown facts of Vedharanyam

Foundation for the Seas and Oceans. Foundation for the Seas and Oceans. Annual report Report on the fulfillment of the foundation's purpose

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1 Foundation for the Seas and Oceans Foundation for the Seas and Oceans Annual Report 2018 Report on the fulfillment of the foundation's purpose

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3 Foundation for the Seas and Oceans Foundation for the Seas and Oceans Annual Report 2018 Report on the fulfillment of the foundation's purpose

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5 Table of contents The tasks of the Lighthouse Foundation 7 The pilot island Schleimünde 8 The Seebadeanstalt Holtenau 10 Voluntary ecological year in the foundation 13 The Lighthouse Foundation on the Internet 16 International: Slow Fish 2018: Understanding the seas 18 Tanzania: ONE EARTH - ONE ISLE: The Torquoise Change TTC 22 Mexico: Whales of Guerrero - Barra zu Baja 25 India: Palk Bay Center grassroots project 27 Panama: Sustainable use of marine and land resources in Guna Yala 34 Russia: Basin Council on the North Karelia coast 37 Mexico: Networking and educational work on the Yucatan peninsula 42 Grenadines: Sustainable Grenagines - SusGren in a nutshell 45 Tanzania: Are natural sponge farms feasible in Pangani? 49 Myanmar: Coastal Wetlands - a directory of important locations 52 Germany: CineMare - International Film Festival 54 Germany: Förde-KUSS - Kiel underwater scene showcase 57 International: Game of global warming and consumption 59 Timor-Leste: Sustainable coastal management 62 Fiji: The occurrence and the role of mangroves on reef roof areas 63 International: Kiel Research Workshop 69 Appendix: Overview of LF activities in 2018 and the charitable goals of the foundation 73 The organization 75 5

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7 The tasks of the Lighthouse Foundation The Lighthouse Foundation sees its task in providing information about the seas and oceans as the largest and unknown living space and conveying its importance for sustainable development through events, publications, traditional media and the Internet. Above all, it is the task of the foundation to support the practical implementation of the concept by promoting positive examples of sustainable development. To this end, the Lighthouse Foundation undertakes and supports: - broad general public relations work on the importance of the seas and oceans, - interdisciplinary scientific exchange and research to promote the sustainable development of the seas and oceans, - sustainable regional development projects with a direct reference to the seas and oceans .

8 Germany The Lotseninsel Schleimünde The Lotseninsel is a lively and economically viable center for experiencing nature and environmental education. Many visitors use the island without damaging the sensitive nature in the area. The pilot island Schleimünde is an example of a conscious and economical use of natural resources. (Result of the ideas competition 2009) 8 Education Center for Sustainable Development The pilot house was used again in 2018 by groups such as Klimasail, the research workshop of the University of Kiel or through the GAME project by GEOMAR. There are also groups of water sports enthusiasts (classic yachts, kayaking, dinghy sailors), school classes (Ostseeschule, Louisenlund) and providers of educational events. The Ostseeschule Flensburg and the environmental group of the Louisenlund boarding school traveled with their own ship for stays on the pilot island, some of which lasted several days. The focus of each excursion to the pilot island was marine topics, sampling and physical-chemical measurements, nature observation and the corresponding evaluations. KlimaSail is a youth education project of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany and has been a guest on Pilot Island for six years. The event is organized by the youth parish of the north church together with the evangelical aid organization Bread for the World, the Diakonisches Werk Schleswig-Holstein and the youth sailing association. The pilot island is a mandatory base station and starting point for sailing trips. The Lighthouse Foundation hosted the Slow Food Youth Academy. It was about insights into different fishing, breeding and processing methods of fish and seafood as well as about the immense challenges that we as a global community are facing because we are not careful enough with the maritime ecosystem and those who live on it.

9 The Baltic Sea ecosystem was the focus of the three-day marine science training for teachers on the pilot island. Organized by the research workshop of the University of Kiel, the training begins with a general introduction to the ocean ecosystem. Then the focus is on the creatures of the Baltic Sea and their closely intertwined relationships with one another as well as on the dangers for this habitat. As an example, the event takes up the pollution of the oceans by plastic waste or noise and takes a closer look at them. The speakers show ways in which the latest findings from marine research can be linked with subjects from the subject-related lessons in order to integrate current science into the lessons. Overall, the pilot island site had about (2017:) different visitors in 2018. More than (previous year:) page impressions were registered, so on average each visitor viewed around two pages as in the previous year. The seasonal trend in access numbers goes hand in hand with the tourist interest on the pilot island, especially during the summer half-year. The website was completely revised in 2018 and adapted to the changed user devices. The new version will be activated in spring 2019 and will be continued by the tenant. Gastronomy on the pilot island The most important group of visitors are still the water sports enthusiasts who come to the island with their own boat and who visit the poison booth in the late afternoon and early evening, especially at the weekend. The Diakonie facility offers people with disabilities meaningful activities under qualified guidance in various professional areas. Areas of application on the pilot island are the transport of goods, the kitchen and service or caretaker activities. The pilot island on the Internet The pilot island Schleimünde is portrayed in a sophisticated way with its own website in German and Danish, including film. In addition to practical information on how to get there, the history of use of the Lotseninsel and the natural area of ​​the Schleim estuary, the Lotseninsel project and z.b. reports the progress of the project or current developments. The forms required for booking and an occupancy calendar are integrated into the page. 9

10 Germany The Seebadeanstalt Holtenau The Friends of the Seebadeanstalt have been in existence since 2012 and have grown to over 70 members. Everyone contributes according to their possibilities for the various upcoming tasks in the organization. A report by Käthe Baade The Stegmentors e.g. supervise the jetty during public bathing times. In 2018, too, it was our goal to fill the seaside resort with life. At our regular meetings in the conference room of the seaside resort, we discuss and plan our actions and projects. In the further course of the winter our winter bathing chairman Michael took care of the 30 or so winter bathers who regularly jump into the cold fjord. He organized an internal winter bathing meeting for them on February 18, so that they could all immerse themselves once together, to exchange experiences afterwards over a hot punch and to get to know each other better. 10 Our first jointly planned event in 2018 was New Year's Bathing, which was now taking place for the sixth time. About 30 brave men, women and children from Kiel and the surrounding area rushed into the four-degree cold fjord and were applauded by the numerous spectators. To warm up afterwards, the Freundeskreis donated hot punch and lard bread to fortify them. In order to meet as many members of the Freundeskreis as possible during the winter months and thus strengthen solidarity, the already traditional kale meal in the port economy was on the agenda on February 23, 2018. 46 friends came to dinner and everyone enjoyed the reunion and so the evening went off in a relaxed manner with lively conversations. Although the beginning of the summer season to the

11 When the time was still a long way off, everyone took the opportunity to register in the Stegmentore plan for their dock services. The plan was passed from table to table and by the end it was already well filled. After all, there are more than 200 working hours to be covered throughout the season and everyone registers for three to four times. The times left over on that evening were later filled in without any problems by the Stegmentors who were not present in the port management. During the summer we also used the seaside resort for cultural events. Henrike from our circle of friends has borrowed films through her district project cinema paradiso, which she showed under the covered part of the seaside resort when it got dark, in cooperation with Jörg, who was responsible for the technology. Like every year in spring, we met for a big clean-up. With 18 hard-working helpers, we brought the seaside resort to a shine. Afterwards we sat together in the wonderful sunshine with coffee and may ringlets and enjoyed our successful work. On June 2, 2018, the sparkling clean seaside resort opened punctually at 2 p.m. The summer weather was wonderful and the water at 18 C attracted many bathers. Unfortunately, a mishap happened on the first day. A swimmer broke through when entering the lower step of the stairs. Fortunately, he didn't injure himself, but we had to close the entire staircase immediately and that unfortunately stayed that way throughout the season. The shipworm had completely riddled the two-year-old lower steps. Jörg Grabo immediately had a replacement ladder installed in a suitable place and that was also the salvation, as there was a large number of visitors every day due to the hot summer. The locked stairs did not harm our guests' desire to swim. Again and again we heard Stegmentors appreciative words of thanks for our voluntary work for the swimming pool. And that certainly increases our motivation as volunteers. In addition, the willingness of the visitors to donate was very high in these fantastic weather conditions and of course the Lighthouse Foundation was happy about that. Some components of the access bridge are already badly weathered and urgently need to be replaced in 2019. Before the performances, a few helpers always set up chairs, benches and deck chairs. In July we saw the Norwegian documentary Bear Island and the feature film Vincent Wants Sea. In September there was the feature film Summer in Provence. Wrapped in warm blankets, we enjoyed this special atmosphere and the good films. These cozy cinema evenings on the jetty were very well received and should gladly be planned further. Due to the large number of fire jellyfish that appeared at the end of the season, the rush of visitors decreased and we ended the season as planned on September 9th. On October 20th, 15 friends responded to the call to make our seaside resort winterproof and diligently help clear out all the rooms and the To clean up the jetty. It was the best October weather and so later came another 11

We added 12 friends to enjoy the delicious pea soup from the local butcher Mogensen with us on the jetty and to chat with each other. We from the Freundeskreis love the social gatherings on our jetty in every season. Unfortunately, it is not that cozy at the seaside resort this winter, as it has become a construction site. In addition to the parts of the broken stairs mentioned above, there are also many slabs of the dismantled, ailing windbreak wall lying around on the footbridge and the wind is now whistling around our ears. Nevertheless, we carried out the Advent celebration as part of the Living Advent Calendar on December 7th, 2018. Regina and Dietmar had installed the electric lighting at the entrance gate days in advance and in the evening they themselves provided the festive decorations and the many lanterns. Despite the rainy weather, around 40 visitors came; because this celebration on the jetty has become a tradition and is popular because of the special atmosphere on the water. Singing the Advent carols together under the instrumental accompaniment of Jutta and Henrike sounded powerful and echoed far out over the fjord. Afterwards the circle of friends invited to hot punch and lard bread as well as delicious biscuits. In conclusion, we can proudly and happily say that the Circle of Friends, in cooperation with the Lighthouse Foundation, made the seaside resort a lovable place for all visitors in 2018 as well. 12 Käthe Baade is the spokesperson for the Friends of the Seebadeanstalt Holtenau, to which around seventy committed citizens, mostly from Holtenau, belong.

13 Germany Voluntary Ecological Year in the Foundation For the sixth time, the Lighthouse Foundation 2018 is the site for the voluntary ecological year - again two young people support us on the pilot island Schleimünde, the Holtenau seaside resort and in our office of the foundation in Kiel. These are the places to participate in the further development, organization and implementation of nature experience events by the sea for children, young people and adults. A report by Mirjam Lichtner and Selma Pfennig Third FÖJ seminar After we spent our second FÖJ seminar in Glücksburg last November, we went to the countryside in Ulsnis an der Schlei this January. Housed in a school camp, we spent five days dealing with the topics of nutrition, agriculture, consumption and lifestyles. For this we visited two farms: a conventional farmer and a Demeter-certified farmer. Both farmers were able to provide good arguments why they run a conventional or certified organic farm. Groups thought up short plays and then presented them to each other. In the short time it came out really beautiful and touching end results. Children and Schoolchildren's University Every now and then we help with the Kiel Research Workshop (KiFo) and its projects, such as the Children's University. The children's university consists of lectures or lectures in which researchers report on their everyday life and their experiences or research results. This semester the project went into its tenth round. With a total of five lectures, the lecturers enchanted hundreds of children. Another topic we dealt with was different diets. For this we got together in small groups. As a successful conclusion, KiFo employees gave a lecture about their project: the plastic pirates. Unfortunately the project was successful. 13th

14 14 Several school classes found a lot of plastic waste in rivers and streams in Germany. The samples taken very often contained a lot of microplastic. (A topic that you absolutely have to deal with!) The children were enthusiastic about the researchers and their experiences and we would not be surprised if the interest of one or the other child in the research was aroused. Sailing seminar This seminar was the first of the whole seminars in which we were mixed together. Before that, we had fixed seminar groups of almost 30 people who attended the seminars together. This time we have freely enrolled in groups that set sail on different dates with different ships. Even if the comfort on a traditional yacht like the Lovis, on which I was traveling, was not incredibly convincing, it rained for the first few days and the showers in almost all ports were closed, we FÖJers on board were always in a good mood and were for one to have few sea shanties! The actual sailing was absolutely convincing for me. I didn't think that we would actually be out on the water almost every day from morning to evening and that we could sail constantly, but we were lucky and not a single day of lull. On the last day we even had to haul in the sails earlier because the wind and the swell were too strong and a couple of seasick people couldn't do it well and we didn't want to risk their discomfort. In addition to the exciting experiences of actual sailing, we of course also had a content-related program and two excursions to the Danish steep coast, during which we once made works of art from collected garbage and once lay in the sun most of the time because everyone was tired and wanted to relax. The main topic was human impacts on the Baltic Sea habitat and thus we have dealt with plastic pollution in the sea, eutrophication (overfertilization of water bodies), climate change with a focus on acidification of the oceans, history of the Baltic Sea region, geology and formation of the Baltic Sea and Schleswig-Holstein and for Concluding algae and their usability deals. Guests on the island A group of MINT students from Louisenlund and other schools came to the Lotsenhaus to explore the Baltic Sea and Schlei in four groups. A small exhibition about the development of the facility since it was founded was shown at the seaside resort. We FÖJler had offered our help and so we were part of the party. When we arrived on the island it was typical north German weather. Gray skies and light rain.So it was no wonder that the students and supervisors had retired to the greenhouse, which had not been standing for long and offers great protection. They were all the more happy to see us when we were able to open the doors to the pilot house for them. After a short briefing and moving into the room, we started. The lower-middle school students were already divided into different groups during the lesson. There was a benthic, a plankton, an abiotic factor, and a plastic group. All children were able to get excited about their topic. The first day was about the experiments

15 and to carry out and document observations on your topic. They worked so independently that we FÖJler could take care of other tasks on the island in between. On the second day, participants made presentations to show their classmates their results. In the evening we all sat in the kitchen of the large apartment and listened to the lectures. Each group was now an expert in the respective topic and was thus able to answer all queries and resolve problems of understanding. The third day was already the day of departure, the house was cleaned and the house was cleared so that the next group could find everyone tidy. Although the students' stay was a school activity (to which they had to apply separately), everyone enjoyed the action. We also made friends with the FSJlerin von Louisenlund, who took care of the excursion. With FSJ on the island The next three days a school class from Louisenlund is on the island and will be there again: the FSJ student Franziska, with whom we made friends last time. This time the school class was already in the upper level, which meant that topics could be dealt with in much more depth. The group was thrown together internationally, partly from Germany, but also from Venezuela, Denmark, Russia, Spain and other countries. We looked at marine life, plankton and the abiotic factors of the Baltic Sea. Fortunately, this time no presentations were made for the students, but the groups were routed, so that everyone worked through each station once. the sport boat license test! We buffeted like wild animals and solved one navigation task after the other, calculated and plotted correct courses, marked bearings, recognized beacons and determined the relocation of cutlery. Fortunately, we both passed the exam and are now in possession of an SBF See, a lake sports boat license, with which we are now allowed to navigate all waters that are not inland waters! Final seminar Sylt We spent the final seminar of the FÖJ on Sylt with the remaining 150 volunteers from Schleswig-Holstein. It is not difficult to describe this seminar retrospectively: It was just beautiful! To meet again all the people you have got to know over the year and spend time with many different people. And all of that in such a beautiful place as Sylt. In addition to the well-used free time with nice people, the seminar also had a very well-designed program. We dealt with edible and medicinal plants, looked at the research center of the Alfred Wegener Institute, visited the Morsum Kliff and with our seminar group looked back a little bit about the FÖJ. We were also allowed to take part in a mudflat hike, which was totally new to us and therefore we found it pretty cool (even if we carried the mud around with us a little, it's really stubborn!). All in all, we had a wonderful time at the seminar and in the end there was a rather melancholy mood when everyone said goodbye and you knew that the paths would probably not cross again anytime soon. SBF-See After Selma had already successfully acquired her lifeguard license (which Mirjam already had before the FÖJ), we had the next challenge together: The report covers the period from January to July. The entries are published in 2018. 15th

16 International The Lighthouse Foundation on the Internet The Internet is the foundation's public relations platform, on which the Foundation's topics and projects are documented in three languages ​​and can therefore be accessed worldwide. An important element of the website are the reports from the Foundation's projects as examples of the feasibility of sustainable development. 16 In the past, the website has been the central element of the Foundation's public relations work and will continue to do so in the future. However, the number of hits has been declining in recent years, which is why the website has been redesigned and adapted to the changing user behavior. The foundation's newly designed responsive website has been online since October 2018. The content of the page is divided into the following categories: Foundation, with information about the Lighthouse Foundation, projects, with information on the background and status of the projects, topics in the context of the foundation, doing more, with the opportunity to get involved in the foundation's goals. With this section, the online donation function was implemented, the projects of the foundation were still posted on the old platform on the basis of reports from our project partners on the Internet and thus largely updated. In addition to the foundation's website at the address www. Lighthouse-foundation.org, the pilot island Schleimünde was presented on a separate website as well as the Holtenau seaside resort under Film material about the various projects of the foundation is shown on the respective websites and is also available on youtube. The transition to the new version of the website was technically complex because both external servers and the editorial system were restructured, which took a longer period of time in 2018. As a consequence, there are hardly any reliable user statistics for 2018.

17 tips. The clear decrease to about page impressions per month in December can be seen. A film window has been integrated into the Topics section of the new page that contains films and clips from the Lighthouse Foundation. The visitor can now select a topic on the keyword cloud, browse left and right or study the long films. When you click on a term, it only shows the clips in the clip carousel that have this topic as main or secondary content (the order can be programmed accordingly so that the more relevant ones are on the left). The time and title help the user identify something of interest. When you click on a clip, the clip opens for viewing across the entire film window. With a click on the cross, the user lands back on the start view and with a click on the covers of the longer films on the right, they go to a small film page. A new feature is the ability to process online donations in the Participate section. Using a responsive form from an external provider integrated into the website, donors can use a SEPA direct debit mandate or credit card to trigger donations for a project or foundation work in general. These donations are processed by the service provider. Michèle Mesmain prepared video reports and reports for the Lighthouse Foundation website on behalf of the Lighthouse Foundation, including on the collaborative resource management of the indigenous Guna in Panama and the cooperative management of coastal waters in Galicia (both in preparation). The effects of the SusGren - Sustainable Grenadines project, which was funded by the foundation until 2010, were the focus of their on-site research. The video material produced during numerous interviews is prepared for the website. A film window with films and clips from the Lighthouse Foundation has been integrated into the Topics section of the new site. A new feature is the ability to process online donations in the Participate section. 17th

18 International Slow Fish Campaign: Understanding the Seas In 2018, several activities were carried out by the various regional networks, following the storytelling developed by Slow Fish in previous years. Topics such as responsible local management, alternative value chains and the adaptation of communities to rapid climate change were high on the joint agenda. 18 A report by Paula Barbeito Morandeira Events in Europe Terra Madres Salone del Gusto was undoubtedly one of the most important events to take place within the Slow Fish network this year. The theme of this issue is Food for Change and is intended to invite people to reflect together on our eating habits. Every day the foods we choose raise many questions, not only in relation to our health, but also with the environment, with social justice, with the economy and politics. The Slow Fish forums have given space to various colloquia to reflect on man's connection to seas, lakes and oceans. Topics such as microplastic pollution and the global problems associated with it were discussed. The environmental damage caused by salmon and shrimp farming or the challenges for traditional fishing communities, either through ocean grabbing, which threatens to endanger fishing rights through privatization, or the lack of recognition of the work of women or the increasing number of certification systems in place, were also addressed are expensive but do not take into account the social and fundamental aspects of small-scale fishing. All of these issues were dealt with in twelve panels, attended by people from 34 countries, and working groups were set up on salmon aquaculture and the role of women in fisheries. In addition to the Terra Madre Salone del Gusto, the Slow Fish network was very active and

19 organized several regional events to share knowledge and increase the resilience of rural and coastal communities. Fisheries experts have come together in Brussels to mark the European Fish Dependance Day. In a panel discussion to promote the dialogue on the future of sustainable fisheries in the EU with EU representatives (DG MARE, DG Environment, European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, FARNET) and representatives from Our Fish, LIFE, Pintafish, Climaxi, Goede Vissers, The Permanent Representation of France to the EU as well as fishermen and fishmongers from the Slow Food network spoke about the dependence on fish and the challenges, failures and obstacles in the implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) for small fishermen in Europe. During a two-hour exchange, the participants discussed political issues, production and control models and the role of discerning and informed consumers. Although the CFP as an EU legal framework for fisheries was seen as a step in the right direction, there are numerous challenges from EU policy, e.g. in the promotion of aquaculture or in questions that arise from the limited implementation in practice. Africa Two celebrations took place in the Mediterranean. On the one hand the 5th edition of Slow Fish Tigri in Sidi Bounouar on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, a rural municipality in the province of Tiznit. At a time of crisis in marine resources (climate change, overfishing, population growth) and although mussels are generally fished indiscriminately, the AMOUD association and the local Slow Food network strive to raise awareness of the natural, cultural and ecological resources of the Tiznit province sharpen by adding value to seafood and promoting ecological tourism. This festival promotes the work of women in fishing, especially in economic terms. They ensure that the mussels consumed during the festival are harvested sustainably, with regard to the environment as well as for the workforce. In Tunisia, in the old port of Bizerte, a new Slow Fish event has taken place. When asked how to protect artisanal fishing and the marine environment through responsible gastronomy? an attempt was made to create a consistent picture of the connection between local gastronomy and the protection of fishery resources. Together with Slow Food, Club Bleu Artisanal brought the Slow Fish campaign to Tunisia. Develop the marine environment and artisanal fisheries in the Mediterranean. Artisanal fishermen, experts in sustainable fishing and chefs from Morocco, Algeria, Italy, Egypt and Tunisia met in Bizerte to discuss the basics of responsible fishing and cuisine and to appreciate the diversity of cultures, knowledge, skills and viewpoints in the Mediterranean promote. The first edition of TERRA MADRE GRAND LAC in August 2015 resulted in a historic meeting between Rwanda, DR Congo, Tanzania and Burundi. It was the beginning of Slow Food Tanganyika's commitment to proclaim one day of the year for the protection of Lake Tanganyika and its fish stocks. After several unsuccessful attempts due to the political situation in the country, the network finally succeeded in promoting the Slow Fish 19

Celebrating 20 Tanganyika Day. The actions were divided into four main axes: Lobbying - the Slow Food Tanganyika Convivium intends to lobby strongly at the provincial and national levels to obtain from the government the necessary measures to protect Lake Tanganyika, including its tributaries and fish; Protection of the seascape - cooperation with the authorities of the country, the community-sponsored fisheries and the transparent production of seafood highlighted. Through an interactive world cafe style conference, Slow Fish newbies and veterans had the opportunity to attend sessions such as: Know Your Resource, Know Your Supply Chain, Know Your Fish, Know Your Fishing Networks, Know Your Fisherman, know your fish bill. This has led us to dig deeper into the Slow Fish values ​​of good, clean 20 Slow Food Tanganyika: Terra Madre 2018 Feedback Session, kick-off of activities for the future people, partners and other actors for the protection of the Tanganyika environment - lake; Access to Resources - to make the resources of Lake Tanganyika a real source of income for fishermen, a sustainable source of fair, good and clean food; Communication - the Tanganyika Slow Food Convivium wants to be more communicative in order to achieve the behavioral change of the beneficiaries and the entire population of Tanganyika Province. But also to make the partners aware of the dangers of this great natural resource if large-scale actions are not carried out here and now. North and South America Slow Fish San Francisco has the power and importance of a functioning coastline with an At Terra Madre Salone del Gusto, Angela Maria Arango met with members of the network to discuss the successes and future of the Slow Fish Caribe project . and immersed fair for everyone. Slow Fish Canada has launched a campaign to raise awareness of how the Canadian government is managing its fishing grounds by implementing concepts to privatize fish stocks and advocating policy reform of the Fisheries Act. The Slow Fish Caribbean network continues to grow. During the Terra Madre Salone del Gusto, the Caribbean delegation, made up of 40 delegates from academics, activists, cooks, fishermen, representatives of institutions from Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Honduras, Panama, Haiti and the islands of Granada (Petit Martinique) was of vital importance. Representatives from the Caribbean were present in eight of the twelve roundtables and gave their vision on the various topics

21 from. This has enabled the networking of both members of the regional network Slow Fish Caribe and members of Slow Fish International. As a result, there will be meetings like the Slow Fish Puerto Cortés (Honduras) organized in March 2019. Asia and Oceania Slow Food Melbourne organized the Slow Fish Festival: SAVE OUR SEAFOOD, which discussed the challenges that fisheries are facing (pollution, illegal and unsustainable fishing, global warming and poor government regulation) and which are emerging affect the health and prosperity of our seas. The festival was an opportunity to bring local seafood to the table (which is really difficult in Australia these days), learn from different experts, and try new sea flavors. Base projects A questionnaire to assess the development of seafood presidiums and coastal communities was improved and tested at Orbetello Bottarga Presidia, Orbetello Lagoon Traditional Fishery, and Black Crab. It is intended to apply this questionnaire to all current Fish Presidia. Slow Fish North America is developing a series of webinars in community response to seafood fraud and violations of the principles of the local seafood movement and ethical fishing companies. The purpose of this series of webinars is to delve into these complex and alarming topics. Some key questions to consider: How do we as a community hold each other accountable for violations of the core values ​​that drive the movement? How can we create, grow, rebuild and restore trust throughout the (sea) food chain? These webinars are hosted in partnership with Local Catch, NAMA, One Fish, Slow Fish, Community Fisheries Network and Sea Grant.A book on marine biodiversity, including fish recipes, was produced and printed in Egypt. Food from land and sea. The traditional and contemporary gastronomy of Marsa Matrouh is the result of partnerships with local platforms and organizations aimed at enhancing the local fishing and gastronomy culture in the context of tourism. In addition, the Presidia of the Thorupstrand Coastal Fishermen s Guild and the Wadden Sea Traditional Fishers have both received the Presidia logo. Communication Slow Fish is the production partner of the second part of the film Oceans: The Voice of the Invisible, which deals with citizens who organize themselves and find solutions through community management for resources and the people who depend on them, but also for conservation their environment in the face of pollution and coastal destruction. The most important aspect this film highlights is not the solutions themselves, but the way to get there, how to organize, collaborate, and share multiple alternatives. Funding period: since May 2012 Funding amount 2018: Euro Project partner: Slow Food International (SF) Secretary General, Paolo Di Croce Piazza XX Settembre, Bra (CN), Italy 21

22 Tanzania ONE EARTH, ONE ISLES The Turquoise Change TTC 2018 The Turquoise Change (TTC) is an ESD project that was launched in November 2016 on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (ANI) in India by members of the ESD expert network Supirya Singh and Katarina Roncevic was founded. The initiative aims to promote multi-stakeholder, multi-disciplinary and multicultural dialogue and measures to promote sustainable thinking and lifestyles in schools on islands. 22 A report by Thomas Hoffmann The Turquoise Change (TTC) is aimed at young participants from small islands in order to exchange experiences and equip them with competencies, skills and values ​​for an active contribution to a sustainable future. TTC promotes critical and systemic thinking and enables all stakeholders (the participants directly and the communities they come from) to think from a sustainability point of view and to deal with the current global challenges that may affect their islands. With the increasing contribution of small islands to global challenges, participants now have the additional responsibility of conveying global complexity to learners. TTC wants to support young people on islands in their individual activities in order to improve their life on the island and to make them the driving force for changes towards more sustainability. In developing modules for sustainability training, TTC examined some of the challenges for small islands (linked to the TTC Training of Trainers (ToT) component) and developed focused modules for the Youth Empowerment Program (YEP) to translate what was learned into local action to implement. Background The Turquoise Change project has a strong mobilizing power when it comes to the development of science, art and music (SAM) as interdependent forces of transformation for the future. There is an opportunity to combine the enormous potential of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) with Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). The results of this work are tangible. It was

23 a privilege to take part in the great art, music and citizen science processes in Zanzibar and it was amazing how significant the networking processes were. SAM for SDG s could develop into a shaping force for the future. The five-day Turquoise Change Training Workshop on ESD took place in Zanzibar at the beginning of July 2018. The basis of the workshop was the book Teaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which TTC has already used with success and which links this with the concepts and resources of the material development group ExpertNet. This includes experimenting with learning systems and the Nexus materials on the topics of water, food and energy. Against the background of the teacher training of the participants, the focus was on systemic learning with a focus on water. The workshop On the first day we refreshed our knowledge of the SDGs. After careful consideration, it was decided to support the course. Three groups were formed and the actions planned for the next two days. The artist group decided on SDG 4 (high quality education for everyone) and discussed starting points for the visualization of SDG 4 through their art. The music group has also opted for two SDGs (gender equality (5) and peace, justice and strong institutions (16)). The music group started discussing the SDGs and writing the lyrics for the songs. The science group decided on a few main topics that they wanted to work out over the next 2 days. On the second and third day the three groups were split up. The music group spent the next two days recording the songs at Stone Town Records, a collaborative music studio that provided staff and facilities for our project. The artist group met over the next two days and discussed tasks that move the artists and that they would shape. The city of Stone Town was their destination and location. With the support of the DLighthouse Foundation, TTC was able to document the entire YEP on film. Karim and Zavara (Tanzania / Canada) are responsible for the filming and post-production of the book Teaching the SDGs of the ESD Expert Net. This was the basis for all three groups. The book was explained on the first day and then used as an ongoing textbook to improve learning and keep all participants on track. The science group experimented with the Citizen Science Tools (from the book Teaching the SDGs) on the complex of clean water and sanitation, SDG 6. 23

24 On the last day of the YEP, the whole group met again. Each group presented their work (the two songs were performed, the artist showed his drawings, the young teachers showed their developed teaching methods). After each presentation, the participants discussed the results and asked critical questions. At the end of the fourth day, the participants received their certificates and the YEP 2018 in Zanzibar was officially closed. Documentation / film: With the support of the Lighthouse Foundation, TTC can document the entire YEP through video. Karim and Zavara (Tanzania / Canada) are responsible for the filming and post-production. The three groups were filmed to create their work in different locations so there was plenty of movement. We asked the teachers to select SDGs and share their statement with us. A short video about the second session is available at. Funding period: July 2018 Funding amount 2018: Euro Project partners: The Turquoise Change (TTC) Surpiya Singh & Katarina Roncevic Immanuelkirchstrasse Berlin 24

25 Mexico Whales of Guerrero: Barra to Baja fishermen exchange experiences The Barra to Baja Learning Exchange is a fact-finding mission to southern Baja California to meet people of the same age who have saved local waters through marine protection measures. It will be like a visit in the future for Barra de Potosí's local opinion leaders, many of whom have never been more than 50 miles from their homes. A Report by Katherina Audley Being able to see Cabo Pulmo, Laguna San Ignacio, La Paz and Punta Abreojos in person and learn about their history is the important first step we can take to achieve real, sustainable change in our own region to effect. Steps and timeline Spring 2018: During a week-long planning expedition, a small group of mayors and WGRP team members met with like-minded people at each location to observe their flourishing surroundings and the community first hand. Together, the trip was documented and interviews were conducted in order to speak to the residents of Barra and the wider region after their return. This also resulted in a short video that was created in May 2018 and shown in Barra. Winter 2018: We brought the idea of ​​learning exchange to the local tourism cooperation and they were enthusiastic. After the funding could be obtained, we started the official process with the presentation of the village documentation about Baja and discussed the exchange with the village. Winter 2019: Together with three team members from the Whales of Guerrero research project, men and women from the village who are respected masterminds are selected for the mission. We will confirm our secure invitations from host communities in Baja and an ex-25

26 Prepare the pedition documentation and a plan for the exchange of information after the trip. 14 community thinkers will travel to Baja with the WGRP team for a week-long deep dive with several fishery and ecotourism-focused communities that have been granted protection. Spring Spring 2021: After the expedition is over, we will organize monthly stakeholder meetings to initiate local measures to protect and preserve the seas. We will work directly with participants in monthly and quarterly intensive workshops to refine the vision, plan, goals and activities. Church leaders from Baja will visit our region to meet with project participants and the local community during this time. The information obtained is distributed to municipalities, conservation and tourism organizations, and government officials by report and personally after each meeting. Our goal is to have a community-drawn marine management plan in place by the end of winter 2021 that will be reviewed by all major opinion leaders and policy makers. Who is going 14 villagers and 3 WGRP team members. We will send a combination of committed conservationists and more exploitative fishermen on the journey. A combination of men and women will travel and all participants must be respected opinion leaders chosen by the community to serve as their delegates. The Whales of Guerrero team, Katherina Audley and Andrea García Chavez, will support and coordinate the entire expedition logistics and documentation. Local whales from Guerrero team members, Arturo Mellín and Avimael Cadena will also take part. Funding period: December July 2018 Funding amount 2018: US $ Project partner: Katherina Audley, Project Director Whales of Guerrero Research Project 9815 N. Syracuse Street, Portland, OR USA Project Location: Barra de Potosí, Guerrero, SW Pacific México 26

27 India OMCARs Palk Bay Center 2018 The Palk Bay Center in southern India serves research and environmental education and is aimed at children and young people as well as adults. As a field station for coastal research with appropriate training programs, the center is increasingly becoming a training and advisory center for coastal ecology in northern Palk Bay. Training and education for the people of the region take place here. A report by Vedharajan Balajii An important pillar is the educational work at the Palk Bay Center and other venues. For a three-day learning festival with students from 25 schools, OMCAR worked with other NGOs and presented the educational program on oceans, coastal ecosystems and sustainable fisheries. Our lectures, short videos about the local marine habitats, picture presentations about our fish and mussel collection or the use of solar cookers were one of the main attractions for the pupils, who at the end also received brochures on the topics. Painting competitions were again held at six schools which a total of 223 students took part. The theme was dugongs and seagrass meadows and their use for fisheries in the region. More than 600 schoolchildren and their teachers took part in training courses on our topics mangroves, seagrass meadows, endangered marine species and sustainable fishing. They also learned about solar cookers, scuba diving, and local species of fish and mussels. At the beginning of the year the evening school started especially for children from the fishing families of the region. In 2018, a total of schoolchildren took part in our information events on climate change and its effects on coastal communities such as cyclones, floods and extreme weather. The events took place at 20 different schools in the region and were organized by OMCAR employees

28 designed and carried out. Information events on climate protection and the effects of tree planting were organized at the state secondary school in Kollukkadu. PBCl's venue for other actors In addition to the numerous own events in the PBC, our center has also developed into a public meeting place for government institutions and NGOs for rural development and training. In February 2018, for example, the Initiative for Peace and Development (IPAD) organized an event on the topic of financial management. As part of the summer camp, a month long computer course was started at the Palk Bay Center for local children. A total of 28 students learned basic computer skills and received a certificate at the end. Surveying techniques, weather stations, data acquisition and processing were on the agenda for the students. Members of the waterway police and foresters of the region are often for training in the PBC. 28 Almost 60 marine biology students and their professors from two universities in the region stayed at the PBC, some of them lasting several days, and dealt with surveying techniques, the operation of weather stations, data acquisition and processing as well as coastal protection techniques. About 130 prospective foresters from the Tamil Nadu Forest Academy in Coimbatore visited the Palk Bay Center. They learned about techniques for the rehabilitation of seaweed, measures for stranding dugongs, about the ecology of these animals and their protection. The Range Officers of the Tamil Nadu Forest Department organized events on the ecology of the dugongs and seagrass meadows at the Palk Bay Center for officers of the Marine Police Department, the Fishery Department and the Wild Life Institute of India as well as for school children. Participants received brochures and watched a documentary about the sea. In addition, fishermen from Velivayal were invited to the Dugong Conservation Meeting organized by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department of the Pattukkottai Range. Promotion of sustainable fishing Together with the Network for Fish Quality Management and Sustainable Fishing (NETFISH), a company of the Indian government under the umbrella of the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA), meetings with local fishermen were organized in various coastal locations throughout 2018 to provide information on sustainable fishing techniques, the mesh sizes in fishing gear, the use of ice in seafood storage and hygiene practices. Also about the discards of endangered marine animals have been made

29 who teaches a total of more than 200 participants. In addition, the Indian Marine Products Exports Authority (MPEDA) organized a five-day training program on sustainable aquaculture at the Palk Bay Center. New shelters for repairing nets have been completed in the villages of Velivayal and Manthiripattinam. The shelter, which is open on the sides, is used as a meeting point by local fishermen, especially during the rainy season, and inexpensive fish aggregation devices (FADs) have been created as a meeting point for fish and a breeding place for squid. The 10 by 5 foot structures were deployed to about a foot depth to observe fish accumulation and the oviposition pattern of cuttlefish and squid. Fish Aggregation Devices, FADs, serve as meeting points for fish and provide breeding grounds for squids. Simple constructions made of natural materials increase the number of egg-laying places under water. to repair the fishing gear together. The buildings were built by volunteers from the villages. Model experiment on cuttlefish We have also initiated a model experiment with NETFISH to promote cuttlefish populations. For this purpose, structures made of natural materials were created under water, which are intended to function as meeting points and safe breeding places for cuttlefish and squids. The commercially valuable squids used to be found in large numbers in the Thanjavur district because the seagrass meadows are an important breeding and feeding ground. However, their population has been steadily declining over the past few decades. Our aim is to offer the animals a safe shelter and egg-laying places on our coast. Made of wood In an initial inspection in March 2018 one month after installation, the first squid eggs were detected. Additional FADs were installed in coastal areas in June 2018. With their help, the yields of small fishermen should be improved. After about 6 months they will be broken down without leaving any residue. So it is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly method that needs to be further developed in the years to come in order to increase the productivity of fisheries in coastal areas. These devices were installed during the off-season to reduce interference from boats.With cuttlefish and squids being one of the main sources of income for small-scale fishermen in Palk Bay, OMCAR organized more meetings with fishermen in the coastal villages to increase the number of FADs. The fishermen were asked to feed the squids and squids on the new fixtures that were installed in the shallow coastal areas

30 th of the respective villages are anchored, not to be caught for the time being. With an optimistic estimate and favorable environmental conditions, this would help the extent to which cuttlefish and squid can develop without causing physical damage or disturbance by the fishermen. Dugongs, Dolphins and Turtles A male manatee was washed ashore on the Ammapattinam coast. The animal was almost with the WII team to collect morphometric data from the dead animal. A dugong calf was washed ashore on the Ammapattinam coast in the Pudukkottai district. With the support of staff from the forestry department, the morphometric data was collected by our team and staff from the Wild Life Institute of India. A male dugong about four meters long (approx. Kg) had better luck, which was rescued after being stranded and then released by fishermen from Keezhathoddam. For this achievement, the fishermen in the village of Keezhathoddam received a check for Rs. From the hands of a representative of the Ministry of Forestry. After being stranded, the male manatee was able to be brought back into deeper water by the fioschers. The successful rescue and release is the result of many years of efforts to involve the local population and raise awareness for the protection of the dugongs. The Friends of Dugongs, established by the Ministry of Forestry, have disseminated a lot of information over the past two years. The dugong protection in Palk Bay has been improved as a result, but must be further optimized. The OMCAR team examined the carcass of a washed up marine mammal. It was found that the animal was a humpback dolphin (Sousa spp.). The cause of death was not investigated in more detail because of the advanced decomposition. In addition, OMCAR employees rescued a hawksbill turtle from a fishing net and released it back into the wild. 30 The new office and museum were inaugurated by Mr. Manoharan, Marine Police Station. 10 feet long and weighed about 250 kg. It could have been killed in a boating accident or by fishing nets. The OMCAR team worked to improve infrastructure and service The new rooms for the office and the museum were inaugurated by Mr. Manoharan, Marine Police Station in Sethubhavachatthiram. Children, young people and adults from the coastal villages in the area took part in the celebration. The PBC received an extensive collection of books on biology, ecology and nature conservation from marine mammal expert Kumaran Sadasivam.

31 Due to the increasing number of visitors and guests, additional sanitary rooms were built in the PBC. In this context, the environmental friendliness of concrete was tested in the PBC together with Anna University. It was about the assessment of concrete made from river sand and the use of sea and fresh water. Five women from the surrounding villages received a one-day cooking course to help them. Seagrass monitoring was carried out along the coast by the Natural Resource Data Management System (NRDMS) of the Indian Ministry of Science and Technology. The survey will provide data on seagrass coverage in the Pudukkottai district. At the request of the District Forest Officer, the PBC team has identified a polycheate that is being collected as bait for commercial purposes along the coast of Palk Bay. The species Marphysa sp. occurs mainly and in large numbers near mangrove swamps, where brackish water conditions also prevail. It was only found in deep areas with a soil of clay and sand. The animals prefer the less sandy parts and appear particularly strong in sewage polluted areas. Like Arenicola on the European coast, they live upside down in their tunnels and are easy to find thanks to the worm heaps on the surface. The corridors of two or three individuals often merge into one another. The walls of the corridors are usually lined with grains of sand cemented by slime. The worms do not move quickly and are therefore easy to catch. The collection of animals must be restricted. PBC published a brochure on the Bengal Pitta bird species in July 2018. In addition to the acoustic examination of the seagrass meadows, samples are also taken on a regular basis. prepare to work as cooks catering to PBC visitors and participants in meetings. They then teamed up with a local NGO to apply for a bank loan with a view to setting up a catering business in the near future. Science and scientific exchange In March 2018, the acoustic investigation of seagrass beds began and has been carried out regularly along the coast ever since. This project is funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of India (NRDMS). Various scientists visited the Palk Bay Center in 2018 to obtain information or to carry out investigations. Dr. Murugan, professor at Vivekananda College, Dr. Helen K. Larson, retired fish curator in Darwin, Australia, and two scientists B. Ramkumar and L. Karthikeyan visited the Palk Bay Center to learn about our programs and environmental education. Mangrove cultivation and planting The Mangrove Nursery community was founded in six coastal villages. 150 fisher women take part and produce planting bags for the young mangrove plants. Training and orientation programs for women were organized in various villages with a total of 152 participants. The aim of these meetings was to plant mangrove saplings in community nurseries in the villages of Dec.

32 to breed and to have the appropriately trained women carry out the planting in degraded mangrove areas along the coast. On the coast of the Thanjavur district in the Ammanichatthiram - Sambaipattinam areas, mangrove seedlings from PBC nurseries were planted. In total, young plants were planted. the Gulf of Thailand, traversed southern Thailand and the Malay Peninsula and finally the Andaman Sea. The weak system intensified over the Bay of Bengal on November 10th and intensified into a cyclone on November 11th. After traveling west-southwest for a few days, he reached southern India and passed through Vedaranyam, Voimedu, Muthupet, and Adirampattinam. The storm reached the Arabian Sea and broke up just a few days later. Until November 22nd, OMCAR and Isha Green Hand distributed around plant seedlings (avenue trees, timber and fruit trees) to eight villages and schools on the coast and the adjacent farms. The photo on the left was taken in 2011, three years after the planting in Thokkalikkadu village. The right picture was taken in November 2017 and shows an example of the significant change in the landscape of the region since then. 32 Miscellaneous The health camp was organized by the Marine Police Department, the State Primary Health Center, and the OMCAR Foundation. About 140 people received free medical care. Independence Day was celebrated at the Velivayal Government Primary School. OMCAR donated a reverse osmosis water purification system to a school. Palk Bay Center as a protection station in cyclone Gaja Gaja was already the fifth severe storm of the season in the northern Indian Ocean after Sagar, Mekunu, Luban and Titli. The system formed on November 5th as a low pressure system over 63 people were killed by the storm. Based on the weather forecasts of the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), OMCAR and the Palk Bay Center began preparing for the emergency on November 14, 2018. As the storm was moving towards the south of India, we decided to take the first precautionary measures. On the morning of November 15, 2018, I drummed our staff and volunteers for a quick briefing on the upcoming event and assigned the tasks. We have informed the villagers that the Palk Bay Center is preparing to accommodate the people in the event the cyclone crosses our coast. Our team got all the furniture into the museum. Fragile laboratory glassware were in the storage room

33 included. After a few hours we had created enough space for women and children in our new building and prepared the meeting room for everyone else. Windows and doors were secured. Bicycles were tied to parking pillars, the solar cookers were not securely set up, as it turned out, because quickly changing winds ultimately damaged all cookers. Our employees have stored first aid materials, flashlights, milk, rice, vegetables and other things for 200 people. I insisted that no one leave the rooms without my permission during the storm. After midnight, people gradually came into the new building. Strong southwest wind did not blow until 2am. Then it came from the southeast and increased significantly. The ocean surf reached up to 300 meters inland. Fortunately, everyone was safe. In the early morning we served tea and biscuits to the 180 or so people who had found shelter in the Palk Bay Center. More and more villagers came later, so that from now on around 500 meals were prepared and served three times a day in the communal kitchen. Our women's group worked almost 12 hours a day for this purpose. The staff and volunteers of OMCAR have been busy around the clock cleaning the center, cutting trees, looking after the people, distributing food supplies to other villages, getting vegetables, milk and groceries. We may run out of supplies soon, but OMCAR will operate the communal kitchen and shelters until people can live normally again. Funding period: since June 2004 Funding amount 2018: Euro Project partner: Organization for Marine Conservation, Awareness and Research OMCAR Dr. Vedharajan Balaji 156, Mannai Nagar, Mattusanthai Road, Pattukottai Tamil Nadu, India 33

34 Panama Sustainable use of marine and land resources in Guna Yala 2018 It was only at the last minute that the papers for the cooperative were handed over to us, in a total anti-event, after all the waiting and announcements of training courses etc., but at least we have we that now and the cooperative exists! 34 A report by Renate Sponer Apart from the basic activities, the actual task this year was to start up the Isbergun Galu cooperative, which we only managed at the last minute. Because, unbelievably, it took IPACOOP ten months to approve all the papers and to draw up the final certificate with which the cooperative is recognized as such. After all, there was no budget for running the administration course that we were supposed to be giving. On November 27th, the document (personería jurídica) was given to the president of the cooperative. However, we have no guidelines on how the bookkeeping should be done and no appointment has been made for the course. However, the board members are active and have held three meetings this year, which BALU UALA (BU) helped finance. Basic office supplies were also bought. The cooperative members in each of the five parishes conducted fundraising activities and planted the crops that were to be traded. Now that the cooperative is officially recognized, all members have to pay $ 5 a month. The cooperative's activities are defined and carried out at the level of the five branches, one in each municipality. This year, the limited budget did not allow any projects that went beyond the routine basic activities of the project promoters and MPA commissions: environmental education, marine protected areas (MPAs) as an example of the sustainable use of local marine resources,