What is a Tia

Transient ischemic attack

What is transient ischemic attack?

A transient ischemic attack (TIA), sometimes called a mini-stroke, is a sudden, short-lived neurological disorder.

It is caused by a small, temporary blockage in a blood vessel in the brain. Symptoms last less than an hour in most cases, but they can last up to 24 hours. Typical symptoms are loss of vision, slurred speech, and weakness of the face, arms, or legs.

Treatment aims to prevent further TIA and stroke by thinning the blood and treating conditions that increase the risk of stroke. Although TIA itself does not cause permanent damage to the brain, it is a warning sign that a stroke may occur in the near future. People who have had a TIA should discuss steps to prevent stroke with a doctor.

Risks

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is caused by a small, temporary blockage in a blood vessel in the brain. This leads to a temporary under-oxygen supply to the brain, which causes the symptoms of TIA. This condition can affect anyone, but it is most common in people over the age of 60.

Some medical conditions, e.g. B .:

hire increased risk for this condition. Smokers and people who have had a family history of stroke are also at increased risk of TIA.

Symptoms of a mini stroke

The symptoms of a transient ischemic attack can vary slightly from person to person, but they are always short-lived. Symptoms last less than an hour in most cases, but can last up to 24 hours.

You can:

  • loss of vision,
  • an indistinct language and
  • include weakness of the face, arms, or legs.

Temporary changes in behavior, memory, and movement are also possible.

diagnosis

The diagnosis can be based on a Description of symptoms and an examination of the nervous system respectively. After a TIA, tests can be done to look for factors that may increase your risk of stroke in the near future. These could be blood tests, an ultrasound scan of the blood vessels in the neck, and possibly an MRI or CT scan of the head.

treatment

Treatment for a transient ischemic attack (TIA) may include taking blood thinning drugs lock in. A TIA increases the risk of further strokes, so treating other illnesses, especially high blood pressure, high cholesterol, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes, is an important part of treatment.

forecast

Caused a transient ischemic attack (TIA) no permanent damage to the brain. However, a TIA is a sign of an increased risk of stroke in the near future. People who have had a TIA should see their doctor and discuss measures to reduce their risk of stroke.

prevention

Lifestyle changes, such as A healthy diet, regular exercise, quitting smoking, and reducing alcohol consumption can all reduce the risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke.

Good control of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes can prevent TIA. People with conditions that increase the risk of blood clots in the heart, such as atrial fibrillation, should consider taking blood-thinning medications.