What is cavities scientific name

nomenclature

Each species of bee has only one valid scientific name. Many species have been described several times. Therefore, over time or in different countries, several names (Synonyms) in use, of which only one should be needed today. Which name must be retained among several existing names and which must be used consistently, i.e. which is valid, is determined by the International Nomenclature Rules. However, these are sometimes interpreted differently by individual authors, which then leads to simultaneous different naming and in turn to confusion for non-specialists. The aim of the nomenclature rules is to promote the internationality and stability of names. Synonyms are mostly of a purely nomenclature nature. Often, however, they can also be caused by different views of the zoologists about belonging to a genus. This is the name of a well-known fur bee, originally called Apis quadrifasciata described in Schwarz et al. (1996) Amegilla quadrifasciata, but in Westrich & Dathe (1997) Anthophora quadrifasciata, since the latter do not differentiate between two genera among the fur bees, but rather all with black below Amegilla listed taxa too Anthophora put.

This can lead to confusion at times. Most synonyms are listed in the catalog of bees in Austria, Germany and Switzerland by M. Schwarz, F. Gusenleiter, P. Westrich and H. H. Dathe, published in 1996 as Supplement 8 of the journal Entomofauna. Some synonyms of native species that have recently become known are listed on a separate page.

German names

In the case of wild bees there are, as one sees from the collective term "bumblebees", for most of the representatives of the genus Bomb from, no common names; these would be unknown in any other language areas. German names are almost always made-up names. Only for the genres have there been German names for over a hundred years that have more or less become naturalized, e.g. B. silk bees for the genus Colletes, Sand bees for the genus Andrena and fur bees for the genus Anthophora in a broader sense. All German names for the genera of Central Europe can be found under the system. However, the German name does not always reflect the biological characteristics of all representatives of the species. So by no means all apply to the genus Anthidium = Wool bees belonging to species Plant hair as a building material, but also resin or resin and plant hair or resin and earth in combination, which is why I prefer the names wool and resin bees for this type of bee. For a long time there have only been German names for some bumblebees, e.g. B. Bumblebee for Bombus pascuorum or stone bumblebee for Bombus lapidarius. For other species, Hagen (1986) created partly usable, partly in my opinion not very happy artificial names, which in such cases mostly go back to the scientific species name, e.g. B. Fragranshummel for Bombus fragrans. Attempts have already been made in earlier centuries to assign German names to wild bee species. For example, Christ (1791) added German names to the descriptions of bees in his Natural History of Insects, e.g. B. he called Dasypoda suripes Calf foot, Colletes cunicularius Graves or Andrena carbonaria Charcoal burner. But such names have never caught on.

Two illustrations of bees from the natural history of insects by J. L. Christ. The author has given this species the name "calf foot".

The left picture represents the female, the right picture the male.

In 1985 I used my own German species names for wild bees in the first version of the Red List of Stechimmen Baden-Württemberg, which was edited together with K. Schmidt. You can also find them in my current book "Wild bees - The other bees", e.g. Garten-Wollbiene for Anthidium manicatum or shimmering blue sand bee for Andrena agilissima. Some of them have been generally adopted, but new names keep appearing so that there is no uniformity here.

If you want to deal with wild bees in more detail, you will not be able to avoid memorizing scientific names, as this also applies to anyone who seriously wants to deal with beetles or plants. Even children have no problem memorizing the names of many dinosaurs and using them correctly.

In my work »The Wild Bees of Germany« I also dealt with this problem on p. 408.

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