How profitable is the turkey farm

In the past four years, a rare problem for our poultry stands quadrupled, strongly pushed our own meat imports. This is just the beginning: agroeconomy races build huge complexes that in a few years will help expand production as early as three or four times. Have to wait for two events. If the Russian Federation will become a world leader in the production of turkey, and if the price of it will bounce back.



Surprisingly, neither the Ministry of Agriculture nor industry analysts said a word about Turkey's record. Although this bird came in clear leadership - in recent years, the rapid growth in production was not due to any other type of meat. For example, chicken in the lastfour years the jump was1.5 times (up to2.5 million. metric tons ). This was told by all central TV and proudly reported to the Prime Minister and the President.

On turkey meat - much steeper climb. In2005 . just grew up in Russia10 thousand. metric tons of birds across the country only workedfive small specialized factories . In2007 . Problem was reached30 thousand. metric tons . In2011 . hit the bar in the90 .. tons . Turkey industry in the eyes is going up the hill, in the next few years the explosive growth will continue. I doubt that a single new plant, which is now being built in the Rostov region, will soonwith 60 thousand. Tons of annual production . By the way, the cost of the facility -. 18 billion rubles .

In general, according to analysts, in the next five to eight years the question of Turkey in Russia could increase up to350-400000. metric tons per year. Of course, that's far from the United States either. 2,540,000 tons Annual production of Turkey (don't forget North America - the bird's birthplace). Buttwice as many as in the whole of Africa , and is comparable to the production in France, Brazil and Germany (from406 to 479,000. metric tons Turkeys per year).

Important fact: in May 2012, the government of Belarus is so imbued with the success of its neighbors, who invited one of the largest Russian manufacturersorganize from scratch in the country, large agricultural enterprises in Turkey. The jump over the past couple of years was even more surprising, if you know: until the mid-2000s. Fall with this bird we ladilis.

Since the base was not there was nothing repelled. In the USSR, the production of turkeyspractically developed is only for private households - or so it was thought. Then bet on the release of fat and high-calorie pork - there was no healthy diet (meat dietichnee turkey - only rabbits). Largest in fact Soviet, timesEgoryevsk poultry can only be granted3000th tons Turkeys per year. Specifically for the manufacture of - and even that was only built for the Olympics - 80dietetic foods for use by athletes . Unobtrusive against the background of the global scale of production.

That is why it will be a long time after the collapse of the Soviet Unionalmost all of Turkey was imported into Russia . Until 2003 with a total annual consumption of less than100 thousand. metric tons accounted for imports70 to 80,000. metric tons . Russia consistentlythe second place in the ranking of the world's largest buyers of meat (primarily -Mexico , the third -Germany ).

Now another story - in the next two or three years from Turkey imports will disappear. It is increasing with the speedof 40% per year ! Last year brought less than20 thousand. metric tons Turkey. In principle, domestic production can be increasedat least four times . The calculation is as follows: Turkey will gradually replace the chicken. They won't take their place, but will take up a significant portion of the buyers. Now turkey consumption in the Russian Federation - a little more than1 kgper capita and year . Whereas the European average -5 kg in the USA -7 £ .

The burden of competition

There is a second driving force Turkey boom. New factories mushroomed to deal with this bird in Russiais very profitable . "The cost of production in growing turkeys for20-25% lower than that of other bird species. Daily weight gain is much higher ", - says the expert from" Finam "M. Klyagin .

Despite this,mercilessly the prices . Chicken in a large wholesale cost80-85 rubles. per kilogram. Turkey -160-180 rubles . It is more expensive than wholesale pig production thatis several times expensive! And the price - for the carcass while90% Turkey meat production in Russia is sold in the form of a slaughtered. There are already other prices - from250 to 400 rubles .

Companies don't hide them in the breasts they get most of the money. In second place - legs, often less profitable parts immediately allowed for processing.

Simply put,Engage in Turkey 3-5 times cheaper than chicken . When big producers earn on broilers15-20% Profit on Turkey - from70% and more . One of the reasons that poultry farmers manage to squeeze this interest, -Turkey market in Russia, in fact, monopolized . There will only be two major manufacturers groupEvrodon ( 33 thousand tons. per year) andKrasnobor ( 12 thousand tons. ). The only excuse they created the first large-scale production from scratch. As pioneers - while Mager.

Meanwhile, in the US and Europe, prices for turkey meat are on average -on par with chicken . By the way, on our money, big - less than100 rubles. per 1 kg of boneless meat and skin . It turns out that at least two times Russian Turkey stock cheaper. But it will not happen by itself, you can not only increase production, need more - serious competition.

What are the prospects now? Overall, the Russian Federation is now being built16 large factories Turkey . Who hasn't brought to a promising market. For example, Latvian investors are in Agricultural Bank Loans Build turkey farm capacityof 5000 tons per year in Sarapul region of Udmurtia. The largest meat producer in Russia Cherkizovo invests in Turkey4.5 billion. ruble . With this money in 2014 on an area of5,000. Hectares in the Tambov region to build plant with a capacityof 30 kEUR. metric tons per year. "Russian Dairy Company" closes in the Penza region, the company for15 .. tons Turkeys per year. However, this is nothing compared to the plans that Evrodon announced at the end of August 2012. The company intends to build in 2014the largest and most modern turkey factory in Europe .When the complex area of ​​the50,000. sq. m in operation, the company will be able to produce180 thousand. metric tons Turkeys per year.

The battle began. Unless big manufacturers suppress or collude competition from emerging turkey, prices will go down. What is the Superprofite Entrepreneur Accustomed to? It turns out they have a backup plan.It - duckAs for industrial production of duck meat in our country is not increased in many countries, though - developed. At current prices, duck breeding is much better than turkey. So don't be surprised if in a few years the Turkey's construction boom factories giant duck will change.