Why does Lord Brahma have no weapons?
From Amrutur V. Srinivasan
The Hindu religion originated in India thousands of years ago. Hinduism may seem very complex to people who grew up in other faiths, but the core beliefs of Hinduism are actually pretty easy to understand. For example, Hindus believe that there is only one Supreme Being, Brahman; they pursue the knowledge of truth and reality; they strive for moral order and right action; and they encourage tolerance. Many Westerners also know that Hindus worship a variety of gods and goddesses who personify aspects of Brahman; Make pilgrimages to holy places; Celebrate festivals all year round; and believe that time is cyclical. These aspects of religion present some of the complexities that are fascinating to study.
The caste system in India
All societies have some kind of social class system in which people are classified according to education, culture and income. In ancient India, such a system was inspired by Hindu scriptures and introduced as a way of creating a society in which all essential functions were addressed and all people took on important roles based on their abilities.
Centuries later it was classified as caste designated. While the caste system became seriously flawed in practice, its concept was based on this ideal division:
Brahman: The priestly / intellectual class
The ideal brahmin has qualities such as serenity, self-control, purity, forgiveness, sincerity, knowledge, realization, and belief in God. The associated "job description" includes
Service as the doorkeeper of the knowledge of Brahman
Provide intellectual advice to governing bodies
Offer priesthood and religious leadership
Dealing with fundamental questions in life
Kshatriyas: The warrior class
The required talents for kshatriyas are physical bravery, courage, splendor, firmness, dexterity, rigor of battle, generosity, and glory. The related functions include
Defending the country from external aggression or internal strife
Specializing in the science of weapons, ammunition, strategies and tactics of warfare
Vaishyas: The trade / trade class
The vaishyas specialize in commerce and trades in order to procure goods and services so that society as a whole can live an abundant life. Modern vaishyas are primarily traders and entrepreneurs. In the Hindu scriptures, no specific characteristics are prescribed for this or the next caste.
Shudras: The agricultural / working class
The Shudras do manual labor such as planting the land, working in the fields, and raising cattle and crops. In practice, this caste included anyone who did not belong to the other three castes except for Untouchables: People who did the least amount of work, such as long roads and leather tanning.
Note that creating a group called Untouchable was a man-made perversion of the box set forth in Hindu scriptures - a perversion that modern Indian leaders like Mahatma Gandhi opposed.
Hindu gods and goddesses
Hindus recognize that at the most basic level God is the One Without a Second - the absolute, formless, and only Reality known as Brahman, the Supreme, Universal Soul. Brahman is the universe and everything in it. Brahman has no form and no limits; it is reality and truth.
So is Hinduism one pantheistic Religion: He equates God with the universe. Yet the Hindu religion is too polytheistic: Populated with countless gods and goddesses who embody aspects of the one true God and allow individuals to worship infinitely many types of worship based on family tradition, community and regional practices and other considerations.
Here are just a few of the many Hindu gods and goddesses:
Brahma the Creator
Brahma is the first member of the Hindu Trinity and is "the Creator" because he periodically creates everything in the universe. (The word periodically here refers to the Hindu belief that time is cyclical; everything in the universe - with the exception of Brahman and certain Hindu scriptures - is created, maintained for a period of time and then destroyed to be renewed again in ideal form.)
Vishnu the keeper
Vishnu is the second member of the Hindu trinity. He maintains the order and harmony of the universe which is periodically created by Brahma and periodically destroyed by Shiva in preparation for the next creation.
Vishnu comes in many forms and in several Avatars (Incarnations) venerated. Vishnu is an important, somewhat mysterious god. Vishnu is less visible than gods of nature who preside over elements (such as fire and rain) Perverts - the divine essence that pervades the universe. He is usually worshiped in the form of an avatar (see below).
Shiva the destroyer
Shiva is the third member of the Hindu Trinity whose job it is to destroy the universe in order to prepare for its renewal at the end of each cycle of time. Shiva's destructive power is regenerative : It is the necessary step that makes renewal possible.
Hindus usually invoke Shiva before beginning any religious or spiritual endeavor; They believe that all bad vibrations in the immediate vicinity of worship will be removed by mere utterance of his praise or name.
Ganapati, the obstacle remover
Ganapati, also known as Ganesha, is Shiva's first son. Lord Ganapati, who has an elephant head, holds a very special place in the hearts of Hindus because they see him as the remover of obstacles. Most Hindu households have a picture or statue of this deity, and it is not uncommon to see small replicas of Ganapati hanging on the rear-view mirrors of cars and trucks!
Avatars of Vishnu
The literal meaning of the word Avatar is "ancestry" and it is commonly understood to mean divine ancestry. Avatars are forms of salvation from a God who descends to earth to intervene whenever help is needed dharma (moral order) and restore peace. Two of Vishnu's ten avatars are Rama and Krishna.
Rama is one of the most popular Hindu gods and the hero of the Hindu epic called Ramayana . He is portrayed as the ideal son, brother, husband and king and as a strict adherent of the Dharma. Millions of Hindus receive satisfaction from reading and remembering Rama's Temptations and Tribulation as a young prince who was banished from his kingdom for 14 years.
If the name of any Hindu god is known and recognized all over the world, it is Krishna. Hindus identify Krishna as the teacher of the scriptures, called the Bhagavad G ita and as the friend and mentor of Prince Arjuna in the epic that Mahabharata .
For his devotees, Krishna is a pleasure full of playful pranks. But most of all, Lord Krishna's promise to humanity that he will manifest himself and descend to earth whenever the Dharma wanes has maintained the Hindu belief in the Supreme Being for thousands of years.
Saraswati, the goddess of learning
Saraswati is the consort of Brahma the Creator and is revered as the goddess of learning, wisdom, language and music. Hindus offer Saraswati prayers before starting intellectual persecution, and Hindu students are encouraged to offer her prayers during the school / college semester, and especially before and during exams.
Lakshmi is the goddess of happiness, wealth and wellbeing. As Vishnu's wife, she plays a role in every incarnation. (She is Sita, wife of Rama; Rukmini, wife of Krishna; and Dharani, wife of Parashu Rama, another avatar of Vishnu.)
Durga Devi is a powerful, even frightening goddess who fiercely fights for dharma (to restore moral order). But while Durga scares her opponents, she is full of compassion and love for her followers.
Indra, the king of heaven and lord of the gods
Indra wields a thunderbolt and is protector and rain provider.
Surya, the sun
Surya (or Soorya) is a golden warrior who arrives on a chariot pulled by seven white horses.
Agni, the fire god
To this day, Agni has a special place in the Hindu fire ritual as Victim (the priest performing the ceremony); the s Acrifice (the ritual fire and the offerings made); and the w itness to all rites.
Hanuman, the Monkey King and devoted servant
Hanuman is used in the great Hindu epic, the Ramayana , mentioned. He earned his path to deification by performing heroism, devotion, and courage while helping Rama (an avatar of Vishnu) in myriad exciting events.
Core beliefs of the Hindus
Hinduism is not an organized religion and does not have a single systematic approach to teaching its value system, nor do Hindus have simple rules like the Ten Commandments. Local, regional, caste, and community-based practices influence the interpretation and practice of beliefs throughout the Hindu world.
But a common thread among all these variations is the belief in a Supreme Being and the clinging to certain concepts such as truth, dharma and karma. And belief in the authority of the Vedas (scriptures) largely serves as the definition of a Hindu, although the interpretation of the Vedas can vary widely.
Here are some of the main beliefs shared among Hindus:
The truth is forever.
Hindus pursue the knowledge and understanding of the truth: the true essence of the universe and the only reality. According to the Vedas, Truth is One, but the wise express it in different ways.
Brahman is truth and reality.
Hindus believe in Brahman as the one true God who is formless, limitless, all-encompassing and eternal. Brahman is not an abstract concept; it is a real entity that encompasses everything (seen and unseen) in the universe.
The Vedas are the highest authority.
The Vedas are Hindu scriptures that contain revelations received from ancient saints and sages. Hindus believe that the Vedas have no beginning and no end; When everything else in the universe is destroyed (at the end of a cycle of time) the Vedas remain.
Everyone should strive to attain Dharma.
Understanding the understanding of the Dharma will help you understand the Hindu beliefs. Unfortunately, not a single English word adequately covers its meaning. Dharma can be described as right conduct, righteousness, moral law and duty. Anyone who makes Dharma central to their own life always tries to do the right thing according to their duties and abilities.
Individual souls are immortal.
A Hindu believes that the individual soul (atman) is neither created nor destroyed; it was and is. Actions of the soul while living in one body require that they reap the consequences of those actions in the next life - the same soul in another body.
The process of moving the atman from one body to another is called Known to transmigration. The type of body that the soul inhabits next is through karma determined (actions accumulated in previous lives). Learn about Hindu funeral customs.
The goal of the individual soul is moksha.
Moksha is liberation: the liberation of the soul from the cycle of death and rebirth. It occurs when the soul unites with Brahman by realizing its true nature. Several paths can lead to this knowledge and unity: the path of duty, the path of knowledge and the path of surrender (unconditional surrender to God).
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