What are the criticisms of panpsychism

Karl Popper and the mind-body problem

Handbook Karl Popper pp 1-21 | Cite as

  • Volker Gadenne
Living reference work entry
First Online:
Part of the Springer Reference Humanities book series (SPREFGEIST)


Popper's theory on the mind-body problem is dualism (or pluralism) and interactionism. It is based on his conception of the evolution of the cosmos (emergence) as well as on his doctrine of the three worlds (1) the physical, (2) the psychic and (3) the products of the human spirit. There is an interaction between the three worlds. World 1 is open to influences from worlds 2 and 3. Popper criticizes and rejects materialism in its various forms. He also rejects physical determinism. Everyone is an I and has freedom of action.


Dualism freedom body-soul problem materialism world 3
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Johannes Kepler University LinzLinzAustria