How is shungite water purified

The shungite as a highly effective water filter
"The stone of pure water"

In Russia, the shungite is nicknamed the "stone of pure water". A very important property of shungite is summarized in four words: It acts as a highly effective water filter. This is one of the reasons for its great popularity in Russia, where 98% of drinking water does not meet the limit values. Shungite was officially approved as a water filter by the Russian Ministry of Health as early as the 1980s.

The cleaning effect of the noble jungle in the experiment

We can watch the shungite doing its cleaning work in a simple experiment. We put a Hamoni® water sachet on the bottom of a jug, fill it with tap water and add 5 drops of ink. We stir the ink well until all the water is completely blue. Then we just wait and see what happens. You can see the result here:

The experiment in pictures: About 5 minutes after the ink has been stirred, the water has already been lightened. It is very clear after 20 minutes and completely discolored after 50 minutes. You can simply repeat the experiment at home. We used commercial ink of the brand "Pelikan" No. 4001, color royal blue.

The cleaning effect of the noble jungle in the experiment


What happened?

The shungite has a unique surface structure, more precisely: carbon clusters in the nanometer range, which bind dirt extremely well. In addition, it has a huge surface (the 30g of shungite in the bag have an area of ​​approx. 600 m², which corresponds to a soccer field). As a result, the shungite can very well bind impurities (in our case ink) that swim past it in the water.

In addition, the shungite has a so-called catalytic effect: it causes 2 pollutant molecules to make each other harmless by forming harmless end products (mostly water and carbon dioxide). The shungite not only cleans the dyes of the ink, but also a variety of harmful substances (heavy metals, nitrates, etc.). Since these impurities are mostly colorless, we used ink to get a visual impression of the cleaning process.

The 2 cleaning mechanisms of shungite in detail

Let us first clarify how we can basically remove unwanted substances from our water. On the one hand, we can get the substances directly from the water in various ways. On the other hand, we can also purify the water by allowing the harmful substances to react with one another, so that the end product is harmless. The shungite works so effectively because it uses both mechanisms at the same time, while with conventional water filters usually only one mechanism is used. So a true masterpiece of nature. And this is how the stone cleans in detail:

1) The shungite binds pollutants firmly to its huge surface. Imagine that the shungite fishes garbage out of the water like a fisherman. Whenever a pollutant comes past its surface - the shungite "catches" it and binds it firmly to its surface so that it can no longer escape. Little by little, the water becomes cleaner and cleaner. 1g of shungite has a huge active surface of approx. 20 m2. This huge area is due to the fact that the special carbon structures (clusters) are very furrowed on the surface. And the larger the surface of a filter, the more pollutants can be bound to it. The pollutants are then no longer released. The explanation for this is provided by the surface physics: The combination of pollutants and shungite carbon (more precisely: graphene oxide) on the surface results in a so-called energy minimum and is therefore extremely stable.

2) It acts as a catalyst and causes 2 pollutants to eliminate each other. Eliminating does not mean, of course, that they dissolve in air, but that the two enter into a chemical reaction with each other in which they are both destroyed and a harmless reaction product is created. The pollutants would not carry out this reaction on their own. You need an initiator for this - that's exactly what a so-called catalyst does. Exactly this role is played by the shungite. And, as is the case with every catalyst: the shungite itself is not consumed in the reaction. A very concrete example: Certain organic compounds (hydrocarbons) such as drug residues or mineral oils are not at all desirable in water. The shungite allows these substances to react with each other via its catalytic effect, so that they destroy each other. For the most part, completely non-toxic pure water (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) remain as reaction products.