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Sales contract for a car - what must go in?

Auto insurance guide

Sales contract for a car - what needs to go in?

So that there is no hassle after the purchase, the contract should be as detailed as possible

The sales contract for a car should be watertight - for both buyer and seller. It will if you record as much information and data about the vehicle as possible in it. And they should be described as clearly and in as much detail as possible. The seller and buyer receive a signed copy of the sales contract. If defects appear after the purchase, both the seller and the buyer can refer to the purchase contract.
The following points should be in every sales contract for a car:
  • Name, address and date of birth of the seller
  • Name, address, date of birth and identity card number of the buyer
  • Car brand and exact model name, e.g. with manufacturer and type number
  • License number
  • Vehicle identification number
  • Number of the registration certificate part 2 (formerly Kfz letter)
  • Date of first registration
  • number of previous owners
  • Date of the next general inspection (HU)
  • Mileage (here it should be ensured in writing that the read mileage and the mileage are identical)
  • Purchase price in digits and words with the currency
  • Information about accessories and / or additional equipment sold as well
  • Number and details of previous damage and accident damage
  • any special agreements
  • Guarantee commitments from the seller
  • The buyer agrees to re-register the car within three working days

Buying a car from a private individual - what should be included in the contract?

For private car sales there are free templates, for example at TÜV Süd. This contains all the important points that a sales contract for private car sales should contain. If you also make verbal agreements, it is important to record them in writing, for example on a separate sheet of paper as an attachment to the sales contract.
Anyone who sells their car privately can exclude warranty claims. The contract then has a wording like "The sale takes place with the exclusion of any guarantee". However, this only applies if the seller does not conceal any damage from the buyer. Otherwise the buyer can assume fraudulent misrepresentation and contest the purchase contract.
As a seller, you should not give the buyer the registration papers until you have received the full purchase amount. You can also get a contract guarantee that the buyer will re-register the car in his name and his insurance company within three working days. If he does not do this and if he cannot be found at his address, you can be held liable as the seller.

Buying a car from a dealer - contract for new and used cars

There are standardized sales contracts for new cars that refer to the so-called New Car Sales Conditions (NWVB). These were developed jointly by the Central Association of the German Motor Vehicle Industry, the Association of the Automotive Industry and the Association of Motor Vehicle Importers. Commercial sellers do not have to adhere to this. Nevertheless, you must not exclude the statutory warranty or liability for material defects. That's two years.
For used cars, the deadline can be shortened to one year. Some traders do. Others also offer a two-year warranty for used cars. Read here how to identify a trusted used car dealer.
Commercial dealers must also present their terms and conditions when signing the contract. It must not contain any clauses that suspend the statutory warranty. If you find such a clause in the terms and conditions, make the dealer aware of it. You can still sign the contract with confidence, because such clauses are automatically ineffective.

This is important after buying a car

As a buyer, you undertake to register the new car in your name immediately. Commercial dealers usually do this for you. All you have to do is get an eVB number from your insurer beforehand and give it to your dealer. Then you will usually receive your car with the papers made out in your name.
If you buy a car privately, as the new owner you have to go to the registration office yourself. Even if the car belongs to you according to the sales contract, you are only the official vehicle owner after the re-registration. With your signature on the purchase contract, you undertake to do the re-registration as soon as possible, but no later than the third working day after the purchase.
It is best to think about which type of vehicle insurance, i.e. liability, partially comprehensive or fully comprehensive, and which insurer is suitable for you before you buy a car. The prices and services of the insurers sometimes differ considerably from one another. Our tariff calculator gives you an overview of our services and contributions.
Keep a sharp eye not only during the inspection and test drive, but also when signing the contract. As much detail as possible should be regulated in the sales contract. The best thing to do is to take someone with you to buy so that you don't miss anything in anticipation of the new car.

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