What are the methods of memory

9 strategies to strengthen your memory

Do you want to become more efficient and effective in learning? Whether in elementary school, in the gymnasium or in everyday life: With our nine strategies you can memorize facts more easily. These methods can be used in almost any area.

1. Keywords

Do you want to learn a second (or third or fourth) language? Several studies have shown that Keywords help with learning and remembering. Especially when learning new foreign languages.

The method is simple: First you look for a keyword that reminds you of a foreign word. Then you visualize this keyword. Thus, you are giving a new meaning to the word you are trying to learn.

For example, if you try the English word window To learn (dt: window), you can imagine an open window through which wind blows and blows your notes on the desk. In a test you will then remember the wind (keyword) and the open window (translation).

EXTRA: Learning languages ​​in old age: is that possible?

2. Chunking

The Chunking (Eng .: cutting into pieces) of information is a helpful memory strategy. This turns information into easier to learn Groups, phrases, words or numbers organized.

For example, if you want to remember the following number: 47895328463this will likely be difficult. However, if you have the number chopped up: 4789 532 8463, it's easier to remember.

3. Musical reminder

You can get information from Listening to music recall. A well-known example is that "A-B-C" song. But there are other learning songs. So you can:

  • Countries of africa
  • Science cycles
  • math equations
  • and learn more

You can do many online Study songs that have already been created specifically for learning certain information. You can also compose your own songs. You don't have to be able to read notes or develop a new melody for this. The memory method works that way too.

Music is also a powerful tool for people with mild cognitive impairments and Alzheimer's disease. Affected people remember them Lyrics from her childhoodeven if their memories are almost gone. In addition, those affected can create new Learn information more effectivelyif they are conveyed musically.

4. Letters and words

Acronyms (Abbreviations) and Acrostics (Poems) are popular memory methods.

Form acronyms Formulas from lettersto represent a word or phrase. Examples for this are:

  • NBA = National Basketball Association
  • NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration

When creating acronyms, make sure they are nice and light "Word" form. Rearrange the order of the words so that the consonants and vowels are in harmony.

An acrostic uses the same concept as an acronym. Instead of making a "word" you create one sentencethat reminds you of the information.

A commonly used one acrostic in physics reads:

"Every Sunday my father explains our night sky to me."

This memory aid shows the order of our planets and stands for:

  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • earth
  • Mars
  • Jupiter
  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune

5. Rhymes

"Sleep child sleep! The father tends the sheep, the mother shakes the little tree, then falls down ... "

Can you finish the rest of this nursery rhyme

Children can often remember songs based on their repetition and the rhymes they contain. Rhymes can be used as Reminder be used. They help us learn and remember information.

Sometimes you can rearrange words or replace another word with the same meaning so that it rhymes.

6. Make connections

Another memory strategy is this Connect information with thingswhich you already know or know. This gives meaning to the information and makes it easier to remember.

The advantage: This strategy can be used on almost any topic or type of information.

For example, the method works well if you have a new person get to know and want to remember their names. Do you already know someone with the same name? Or is there a well-known personality who has the same name? If not, you can also think about what the person is reminding you of. Create a connectionto help you remember the name.

7. Loci method

The Loci method is probably one of the oldest memory methods. It was first mentioned in 477 BC. Chr. Simonides of Keos, attributed to a Greek poet. It is also one of the best-researched methods. She promises one big success in a wide range of academic subjects through to everyday life situations.

EXTRA: Memory training: Become a memory professional with the Loci method

How does the method work? In the method are known Places, spaces or paths are visualized and then linked to the information. The learner, for example, mentally drives his way to work. Then he connects the facts in his head with the objects that are along the way.

In order to remember what he has learned, he visualizes the path again and every stop on the path triggers learned information. This method is also known as the Travel method denotes and creates a mental "Memorial palace“.

8. Number-rhyme system

The Number-rhyme system, will also be PEG method called. It is a helpful reminder to recall sequenced information. Make a note of those first following listto put the facts in order:

  • null = garbage
  • a = leg
  • zwo = zoo
  • three = porridge
  • four = bull
  • five = stocking (s)
  • six = hex (e)
  • seven = sieve
  • eight = yacht
  • nine = barn (s)
  • ten = fairies

After you have memorized this list, you should take a look at your study material. Then you combine the first word with “garbage”, the second word with “leg”, the third word with “porridge”, etc. The goal is to create a connection with each new piece of information so that you can remember it.

For example, if you have to learn the following classification system:

  • kingdom
  • Trunk or division
  • class
  • rank
  • family
  • gender
  • individual

First visualize the kingdom standing on a garbage heap. Then you envision a tattoo of a trunk on one leg. Next, imagine a class in a zoo. And so on.

This method allows you to have both the specific information as well as the right order retrieve.

9. Linkage method

The mnemonic linking method (also "Concatenation“Called) consists in developing a story or a picture. The information that you need to remember is combined with one another. Each element leads you to move on to the next element. Imagine taking the following items with you to work:

  • papers
  • glasses
  • sneakers
  • wallet
  • Meal money
  • key

With the linking method, you can look at the following Short story think up: your papers put on their glasses and sneakers and ran to your wallet, where the hungry keys ate the meal money.

If you in your story interesting details or jokes often makes the information easier to remember.

Mnemonic memory strategies

Using mnemonic memory strategies can give your memory a boost. It can be yours Efficiency in learningimprove. Some of these strategies require practice. But once you've trained them well, they'll help you learn and get information.

Esther Heerema owns shares of English and published it on June 19, 2019 at www.verywellhealth.com. We have translated it for you so that we can exchange ideas with our readers on relevant topics!

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