How do hooligans dress

Hooligans! Bitter aftertaste from football?

Nowadays, the term hooligan is inseparable from modern football. The origins of English hooligans in particular are well known, even if there are a lot of rumors and wrong views. The image of the scene is generally rated very negatively, because the organized violence of the hooligans regularly causes unrest in the football stadiums of Europe. In fact, the roots of this movement are not to be found in football, but in much more everyday situations, completely detached from sport. The exact origins are difficult to determine, but the modern scene can be examined very precisely. From views of movement to behavior to clothing characteristics, there are very firm guidelines, especially among hooligans.

The concept of the hooligan

The term hooligan certainly originated in Great Britain and was first officially mentioned in an English daily newspaper in 1898. Exactly where the termnius comes from can only be guessed. On the one hand there is a theory that an Irish family with the name "Houlihan" was considered to be very hard-drinking and violent. Another assumption goes back to the name of a criminal youth gang who called themselves "Hooley's Gang", whereby the term "hooley" comes from Irish and means "wild".
In any case, the term was used at the beginning of the 20th century for men and groups who were violently conspicuous by consuming too much alcohol.
The term became more and more firmly established and was used by both the media and the general public. But it wasn't just the use of the name that introduced something new. Rather, the term hooligan was used to designate a movement that had existed for much longer and was a kind of holdover from earlier times.

A philosophy all of its own

The hooligan is often portrayed as a simple bat. However, this view ignores the actual reality. In fact, the real hooligans are usually very organized and adhere to certain unwritten rules. Clubs are arranged in advance and only played among hooligans themselves. The subtle difference between intentional participation and senseless violence is very difficult for outsiders to recognize, but at the core it plays an important role. Why this is so can be determined by looking at the past. Because here you can see that the philosophy of the hooligans is partly a relic of older days, which go back to the 18th and 19th centuries. In Ireland in particular, there were frequent fights between local families, which had to be fixed in place and time according to the circumstances of the time. This type of argument partly reflects much older rituals and procedures in which pride and honor played a much greater role in societies than they do today. Organized meetings of this kind between two rival groups should also avoid excessive violence in everyday life and clearly differentiate conflicts from it.

With the naming of the hooligans and the associated demarcation as a subculture from normal society, other young people and people could now actively join the movement, even if such groups were not actually part of their everyday environment. So the groups of hooligans continued to grow. With the advent of European football systems, the hooligans used these dates and events for their own cause. Depending on the region, you were ultimately on the side of the home club and so the opposing teams or their hooligan supporters automatically became the next opponents.

Who are hooligans?

What is interesting about the subculture of the hooligans are their members. It is not possible to determine exactly where they come from. In contrast to many other movements, the hooligans do not only include young people. The origin of a social nature also seems to be largely irrelevant. Therefore, from time to time lawyers or chairmen as well as factory workers or the unemployed are among the hooligans. The common core is the desire for targeted aggression and the demonstration of one's own strength. This behavior is basically part of every sport, only without this form of aggression. The purely moral justification of this culture is that the hooligans have subscribed to a kind of code of honor. Fights are only fought against other hooligans, the number of participants must be balanced on both sides and if a fighter is on the ground, he may not be beaten any further. Unfortunately, there have been many violations of this unofficial code in the past, so that sometimes uninvolved fans are included in football. And just as the hooligans have discovered football as their own platform, so many violent people use the scene for their uncontrolled aggression, which is why an assessment of the subculture of the hooligans from the outside can usually only be negative.

The scene in modern times

Since the beginning of the nineties there have been more and more publicly effective incidents that have shaped the hooligan scene. The best known case since then were attacks on French police officers at the 1998 World Cup in France. Here, the gendarme Daniel Nivel was a victim of the street battle and has been severely disabled since then. This incident in particular drew a lot of attention to this issue. Since then, more and more security precautions have resulted in no further incidents of this magnitude. Still, hooligans are very active. The movement continues to grow, especially when it comes to low-level soccer games.

With the beginning of integration in football, hooligans also began to differentiate themselves from normal fans at the same time. Therefore, hooligans usually do not wear soccer jerseys, scarves or other utensils from their club. On the contrary: branded clothes and special clothing are part of the preferred style of this subculture. Sweatshirts and pullovers from the brands Carharrt, Fred Perry, Tesco, Iceberg and Best Company are favorites. Jackets, on the other hand, are particularly worn by Chevignon, Blue System, Replay or Diesel. In addition to the brands already mentioned, there are also regular streetwear clothes, which include clothes from Lonsdale london, Cordon, New Balance, Pit Bull, Pretorian, adidas, Everlast, Troublemaker, Hooligan Streetwear, black brain and Umbro. A completely different direction, but one that is very popular among hooligans, is wearing designer clothes, including Ralph Lauren and Lacoste.

With the help of this independent clothing, the hooligans try to preserve their own identity. Because for them it is not about social status, but only about their own philosophy. In the past, however, it has become increasingly difficult to differentiate between "real" hooligans and fashionable supporters. Some young people end up belonging to the group, while others use the dress style as a yardstick. In any case, the hooligans are one of the first subcultures to do so in the modern age there are and thus stand out from many trend groups.

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