Should I be underage in the statistics 1

The social situation in Germany

In 2019 there were 11.6 million families in Germany - in 8.2 million at least one underage child lived in the household. A good half of all families were one-child families (51.2 percent). Of the around 19 million children in Germany in 2019, well over two thirds lived with siblings in one household (69.0 percent).


If the term "family" is understood to mean all parent-child communities with unmarried children in the household (without age limit), there were 11.6 million families in Germany in 2019. In 1996 there were 13.2 million. In 2019, 8.2 million families had at least one minor child in their household (70.9 percent). Accordingly, only children who were 18 years of age or older lived in 3.4 million family households (29.1 percent).

More than half of all families were one-child families in 2019 (51.2 percent). In the same year, there were two children in a third of all family households (36.5 percent). While families with three children still had a share of 9.4 percent of all families, the share of family households with four children was only 2.1 percent. In 2019 there were only around 86,000 families with five or more children - 0.7 percent of all family households.

For married couples with children, the proportion of one-child families was 44.4 percent in 2019, which is below the average for all families (51.2 percent). The proportion of one-child families was above average both in the cohabiting partnerships with children (61.5 percent) and in the households of single parents (67.7 percent). The average number of children was 1.75 for married couples, 1.49 for partnerships and 1.41 for single parents.

Well over two thirds of the 19.1 million children in Germany lived with siblings in one household in 2019 (69.0 percent or 13.2 million). Accordingly, almost every third child (31.0 percent or 5.9 million) lived without siblings. 8.4 million children lived with a sister or brother in one household (44.2 percent), 3.3 million children lived with two siblings and almost one million children with three (17.2 and 5.2 percent, respectively) . Around 474,000 children even lived in one household with four or more siblings (2.5 percent of all children). Of the 13.5 million minor children, almost a quarter lived without further siblings in the household in 2019 (24.7 percent).

In 2019, there was at least one child in almost 2.1 million family households who was younger than 3 years. Around 3.5 million families had at least one child who was younger than 6 years. And at least one child under the age of 15 was found in exactly 7 million family households. A total of 13.5 million minor and 1.3 million adult children lived in the 8.2 million households with at least one minor child. Of the 5.6 million adult children in all family households, just under 1.4 million were 27 years of age or older in the same year.

Data Source

Federal Statistical Office: Microcensus 2019

Terms, methodological notes or reading aids

children are single people without a life partner and without children of their own in the household who live with at least one parent in a family. In the microcensus, children are also considered to be stepchildren, adoptive children and foster children in addition to biological children, provided that the aforementioned requirements are met. In principle, there is no age limit for counting as a child.

The basis for the representation here is the population in families / lifestyles at the main residence. It is derived from the population in private households and is numerically smaller than this. In the case of the population in private households, no distinction is made between main and secondary residence. Since one person can be entitled to live in several private households, multiple counts are possible.