What are the categories of developing countries

Developing country

There is no standard definition for the term "developing countries", which has been used in Germany since the 1950s. However, the majority of these states share some of these common characteristics:

  1. poor food supply for large groups of the population, resulting in malnutrition and hunger
  2. a low per capita income, poverty
  3. no or inadequate health care, a high child mortality rate and a low average life expectancy
  4. inadequate educational opportunities, a high rate of illiteracy
  5. high unemployment, an overall low standard of living, an often extremely unequal distribution of existing goods

The economy of most developing countries is characterized by a structure in which traditional modes of production - predominantly in agriculture - are juxtaposed with a modern dynamic sector - mostly in the industrial sector. As many developing countries are heavily indebted, their economies often suffer from lack of capital and external difficulties.

As a rule, the list of developing countries of the Development Committee (DAC (call up lexicon entry for the term) *) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD (call up lexicon entry for the term) *) is used internationally. It divides the countries into four categories according to per capita income and is updated every three years. Contributions from donor countries (call up lexicon entry for the term) * to countries on this list are considered to be official development cooperation (ODA (call up lexicon entry for the term) *).

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Keyword: Official Development Cooperation (ODA) (call up lexicon entry for the term) *

External link: List of recipients of official development assistance (ODA) on the OECD website (external link)