Is there a carnival in Karaj Iran

in Iran Austrian Jazz Quartet trip to Austria - students report


1 ÖKFenster 06, summer 2011 magazine for German learners from ÖKFTeheran .. Austrian jazz quartet in Iran Orient and Islam with Rainer Maria Rilke .. Trip to Austria - students report

2 Contents - 06 Imprint and Editorial 3 Discover Austria Experience Austria - a travel report 4 RadiÖKFTeheran - a media project 5 Salzburg Mozartkugel - Mirabell & Co. 6 Schönbrunn Palace - former imperial seat 7 Schönbrunn Zoo - an experience of nature 8 Discover Iran The city of Damavand - villages and Regions 10 The highest mountain in Iran - Damavand 11 The bridges of Isfahan - a selection 12 The desert city in Iran - Yazd 14 Kutche Berlan - Berliner Straße 16 Culture Quality of Persian carpets - tips and tricks 17 The first charter of freedom - Kourosh cylinder 18 Yalda night and midsummer bonfire - two fire festivals 20 Everything is architecture - Hans Hollein 21 Music There are two types of music - an interview with jazz musicians 22 How to become a horn player - an interview with a professional 26 We want to make fun - gypsy jazz 28 Johann Strauss father and Son - two professional musicians 30 The Tonbak - traditional instrument rediscovered 31 Literature Rainer Maria Rilke - Orient and Islam 32 You ter der Freiheit - Schamlou 34 ÖKFTeheran - Schoolchildren write 36 Only, where did you go? - Wolf Haas and Simon Brenner 39 Teaching and learning Interview with Manfred Schifko - expert on German as a foreign language 40 Proverb - Carrying owls to Athens 41 From teacher to doctor - Mohammad Mobashery 42 Teaching and learning - foreign language lessons 44 Ashura society in Iran - an Islamic festival 45 Mahak - a help for children with cancer 46 Altruism and enterprise - Joseph Alois Schumpeter 48 ÖKFTheater - a new project 49 Pause Gheyme - a Persian recipe 50 So early it gets late - a story 50 2

3 Imprint Editorial ÖKFenster 06 Summer 2011 Magazine for German learners of the ÖKF Tehran Staff in this issue: Sara Alizadeh Anita Amiri Nilufar Eshghi Mahgol Farjadnia Farahnaz Fathi Mitra Firouz Dehghan Yousef Ghondaghsaz Neda Hosseini Khaterehol Samhebol Sahebol Sahebol Saheba Naira Nassagholana Sahebol Sahebol Nilufa Nilufar Nilufandiepoor Raa Maryam Sarshar Mostafa Shahmohammadi Elham Shakiba Design and layout: Mostafa Shahmohammadi Nilufar Eshghi Hojjat Mirzaei Front page design: Keyvan Paydar ÖKFTeheran Khorramshahr, Arabali, 6 th St., Sibouyeh 1, Tehran (0) Dear readers! With this 6th edition, the ÖKFenster has reached another milestone: It is now published every six months. The reason for this is its content-related and commercial success: more and more interesting contributions, and - therefore - an increasing interest from our sponsors. My personal thanks go to both groups, the writers, photographers and layouters on the one hand and the sponsors on the other. Just like the project manager and editor-in-chief, Mag.a Ulrike Wieländer, who is also acting ÖKFT director, and above all YOU, dear readers. You probably know that this magazine is written by the German students at ÖKFT and is primarily intended for German learners. The articles on offer go far beyond this and are of interest to a broad audience interested in Austria, Iran and Austria-Iran. In this issue you will find articles on art & culture in both countries as well as on culinary art and language mediation, on ÖKFT events and projects. The references to Persia of Rainer Maria Rilke and the world-famous Austrian architect Hans Hollein are shown as well as the Austrian jazz quartet Harms & Kahr, the Austrian horn player Arno Kastelliz and the Diknu Schneeberger Gypsy-Jazz Trio. A photo report about a trip to Austria by ÖKFT students and the first broadcast of RadiÖKFTeheran, the ÖKFT radio project under the direction of Pouneh Ghaemdoust, round off this issue. We hope you enjoy reading this, Dr. Thomas M. Buchsbaum Austrian Ambassador to Iran The articles are marked with light L medium L heavy. You can certainly answer the easy questions about the text from a difficult article! Thanks to all the teachers at ÖKFTeheran, who gave us new ideas with their suggestions, criticism and tips and who encourage their students to work on the ÖKFenster. For internal teaching purposes only! L 3

4 Discover Austria Experience Austria In the summer of 2010, 15 students from the Austrian Cultural Forum Tehran visited Austria. On their 10 day trip they saw Vienna, Salzburg, Steyr, Linz and Graz. In addition to visiting numerous sights, seminars were also on the program. A radio project was organized and later continued in the ÖKFTehran. Danube in Vienna: The Danube region is a popular recreational area in Vienna. Only about 100 years ago there was a wilderness here. Partly this is still preserved as a national park. Rudolf and Elisabeth Leopold has collected over 5000 exhibits over the years. Karlskirche, Vienna: It was built by the Habsburg Charles VI. commissioned and realized by the famous builder Fischer von Erlach and his son Joseph Emanuel in 1735. The Karlskirche is due to the different styles as a jewel in European architecture. Fortress Hohensalzburg: The landmark of Salzburg was built in 1077. Archbishop Bernhard von Rohr felt threatened by the citizens of Salzburg, who protested against high taxes and demanded more rights. He no longer dared to go into the city and stayed in the safe fortress for a whole year. Steyr, Upper Austria: The small town was already settled by the Celts and Romans. Today Steyr is best known for the BMW plant. It employs almost people and was named the most efficient factory in 2010. Pallas Athene, Vienna: The 5.5 m high statue has stood in front of the parliament building since 1902. It represents the Greek goddess of wisdom and has a symbolic protective function. Leopold Museum, Vienna: The Leopold Collection is one of the world's most important collections of modern Austrian art. The married couple Gustav Klimt Death and Life, Leopold Museum: Klimt allegedly worked on this picture from 1908 until afterwards, he reworked the picture several times. Incidentally, the world's largest Klimt collection is in the Austrian Belvedere. 4th

5 Discover Austria The new RadiÖKFTeheran produced the first program together with institutions from six different countries (Austria, Italy, Spain, Lithuania, Belarus and Slovenia): Self-portrait. Pouneh Ghaemdoust and her radio team present the ÖKFTehran, Tehran itself and Iran. The audio images move away from known stereotypes and prejudices and show an authentic image of Iran. You can hear RadiÖKFTeheran on oe1campus (more exciting programs are expected! 5

6 Discover Austria Salzburger Mozartkugel, The sweetest ambassador from Austria By Pegah Nahavandipoor The Mozartkugel are Austria's sweetest ambassador. There are many who make Salzburg Mozartkugeln, e.g. B. Reber or Mirabell and of course the Fürst confectionery in Salzburg, where the first Mozartkugel was made. The only original Mozart balls are still sold here. The history of the Mozartkugel goes back to 1890. It was then that the Salzburg confectioner Paul Fürst invented the Mozart sweets of the time. These candies were later named after the late composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Paul Fürst's Mozartkugeln were awarded a gold medal at the international trade fair in Paris in 1905. The Café Konditorei Fürst is still the only one to make the original Salzburg Mozartkugel by hand. Echte Salzburger Mozartkugeln from Mirabell are a little better known, but they are not made by hand. But they have the marzipan filling and the chocolate coating in common. The production of the Salzburg Mozartkugel from Mirabell takes 14 work steps and two and a half hours. Its core is made of marzipan, refined with pistachios. Each Mozartkugel is covered in a layer of dark and light nougat cream and fine chocolate. Many like the striking red and gold packaging in different shapes. Mirabell's Mozart balls are a popular souvenir from Austria. They have been produced over 1.5 billion times so far. They are exported to over 30 countries, including Asia and North America. The Salzburger Mozartkugeln were already a gift in space: They were brought by the first astronaut from Austria, Franz Viehböck, for the Russian cosmonauts of the MIR space station. There is no direct import into Iran. Nevertheless you can find Mozartkugeln especially from Mirabell and Reber, z. B. on Tajrish Square. There is a chocolate shop here, where at Christmas a shelf is only filled with the well-known Mozart balls. The Mozartkugeln are delivered by travelers from Austria. But regardless of whether they are original or real Mozart balls, they taste best directly in Salzburg. Is the statement true (r) or false (f)? Mozart balls can be bought at Tajrish Square. The coat of the Mozartkugeln is made of chocolate. Despite their name, the Salzburger Mozartkugeln were first made in Paris in 1905. Real Mozart balls are made by hand. (r) (r) (f) Photo: press photo LMozart balls are not exported to Asia and North America. (f) (f) 6

7 Schönbrunn Palace Vienna's most visited attraction in 2009 By Sogol Samimi Almost 2.5 million visitors were counted at Schönbrunn Palace in 2009. This cultural monument includes the castle, the park, numerous other buildings, fountains and figures and the zoo has been put on the list of world cultural heritage by UNESCO. In the Middle Ages, Schönbrunn Palace was owned by the Klosterneuburg monastery under the name Katterburg. It was leased from a Viennese mayor, among others. With Emperor Maximilian II () it was first owned by the Habsburgs. First Katterburg and then Schönbrunn Maximilian II bought the Katterburg property in 1569, which had a house, a stable, a mill, a pleasure garden and an orchard. He had the zoo expanded. According to legend, the new owner, Emperor Matthias, found a spring during one of his hunting trips in 1612, which was later called the Beautiful Fountain. The name Schönbrunn has been in use since then, but was only mentioned in a document in 1642. The first and the second building project by Schönbrunn Emperor Leopold I had a new building built for his heir to the throne, Joseph I. This was designed in 1688 by the architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach. A second construction project was discontinued after the death of Emperor Joseph I, which Emperor Karl VI bought. the property of the widow Joseph I and gave it to his daughter Maria Theresa. The splendid time of Schönbrunn The reign of Empress Maria Theresa () was a splendid time for Schönbrunn. The former hunting lodge of Joseph I was converted into a residential palace by the court architect Nikolaus Pacassi. She had two Chinese cabinets set up and a palace theater built. With the renovation, she supported contemporary artists such as the Italian painter Gregorio Guglielmi and Albert Bolla (stucco decorations). Her husband Franz I Stephan and her children also got their chance. For example, the porcelain room was created in a family collaboration. The emperor and the children made the 213 blue ink drawings in it. The six-year-old Mozart's first concert before the empress took place in the mirror room. While Maria Theresa was busy with the renovation of the palace, her husband was busy with the design of the garden. A new star-shaped avenue system is divided into different paths. After the emperor's death (1765), the widowed empress had several rooms converted as memorial rooms. The million room was the most precious inner part of the castle. Indo-Persian miniatures are worked into the rosewood paneling. The current appearance of the palace is mainly due to Empress Maria Theresa. Schönbrunn in Biedermeier At the beginning of the 19th century, Schönbrunn Palace was used by the Habsburgs as a summer residence. When Emperor Franz Joseph () became lord of the castle in 1848, a new, glamorous period began for the castle, which brought a lot of modernization. Toilet, telephone, and electric lighting came into the castle. With the fall of the monarchy, Schönbrunn Palace and all of its buildings became the property of the Republic of Austria. Schönbrunn Palace Kultur- und Betriebsges.m.b.H. founded, which is responsible for the management. Questions about the text L Which city does Schönbrunn Palace belong to? Since when has the name Schönbrunn been used? Vienna Since 1612, when Emperor Matthias called a spring the beautiful fountain. Since when does Schönbrunn Palace no longer belong to the Habsburgs? Discover Austria since the end of the monarchy Photo: Pegah Nahavandipoor 7

8 Discover Austria Nature experience in the middle of the urban jungle Schö nbrunn By Pegah Nahavandipoor If you want to experience unique contact with animals or want to see how pandas sleep, how giraffes strut proudly in the enclosure or how elephants treat themselves to a mud bath, the oldest zoo offers the World just right. The zoo belongs to the former imperial summer residence Schönbrunn and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It may also be the most beautiful zoo in the world. The Schönbrunn Zoo was founded in 1752 under Emperor Franz the First, the husband of Maria Theresa. The zoo, the castle and the park did not open to the public until May 1778. The animals were brought to the zoo one by one. For example, the first elephant came in 1770 and the first giraffe arrived in 1880. The giraffe house, founded in 1828, is the first demonstrably built animal house and the baroque architectural style corresponds to the imperial pavilion. A remarkable enclosure from the interwar period is that of the birds of prey. It opened in 1926. It was the first construction project after the First World War. The current entrance to Hitzing was destroyed by bombing in February 1945 and in the 1950s the Vienna location had lost its political importance as an imperial residence and the facility was taken over by the Republic of Austria. In 1923, under the new management of Otto Antonius, the zoo managed to establish itself more than before in the international zoo community. Antonius supported research and collaboration with universities as well as museums. Helmut Pechlaner, who took over the management of the zoo in 1992, carried out further major renovations, especially with regard to the animal enclosures. When he retired, in 2007 the Schönbrunner Tiergarten Society with Dagmar Schratter took over all the shops. Schönbrunn Zoo was selected as the best zoo in Europe from among 40 zoos in 16 European countries. At the beginning of the 20th century, Schönbrunn was one of the most beautiful and diverse zoos in Europe. This zoo is now home to more than 500 endangered species. The Schönbrunn Zoo is very well known, not only because of the innovations and adaptations, but also because of the innovations in animal husbandry. On June 10, 2010, a huge facility, namely the South America Park, was opened. At square meters, this is a home for large anteaters, capybaras and South American birds such as rheas. This project aims at knowledge and education regarding species protection. The vision of the Schönbrunn Zoo is to protect and preserve animal species in their natural habitats. The Schönbrunn Zoo covers an area of ​​17 hectares and has more than 200 employees. More than two million visitors come to the zoo every year. The visitors are not only from other countries such as Germany, Slovakia, Italy, Hungary, Romania and Russia, but annual tickets alone were sold to Viennese in 2009. The tourism factor is very important for the zoo. Despite the zoo's popularity, animal rights activists criticize zoos as an entertainment factor for people and torture for animals, but what does Schönbrunn Zoo hold against this? 8th

9 Johanna Bukovsky, responsible for press relations, answered this question. Animal rights activists don't do that, but zoo opponents. This zoo works well with many animal welfare organizations. Of course, a good zoological garden is a world of experience that can fascinate many people - whether old or young. You can meet animals, get to know them better and you can better understand their role in the balance of nature. The close contact with animals in the zoo can also arouse attention, love, curiosity and willingness to help, but only if the visitor can observe satisfied, normally behaving animals and this zoo has managed that with the help of 227 employees. Discover Austria Is the statement correct (r) or incorrect (f)? Head of Helmut Pechlaner concentrated on animal enclosures. LSchönbrunn is the oldest zoo in the world. (r) (r) LThe zoo was totally destroyed during the First World War. (f) LSchönbrunn is especially popular with foreigners. (f) LIn Schönbrunn there are 500 different types of animals. (f) Photo: Pegah Nahavandipoor 9

10 R u n d u m i e S t a d t D a m a v a n d By Samira Moshaee Damavand, the highest mountain in Iran, has a city of the same name: Damavand is located east of Tehran. There are many beautiful villages in the area, especially Cheshmeh-Aala, Mosha and Lar. The village of Cheshmeh-Aala is four kilometers north of the city of Damavand. Old trees like nut trees have created cool weather here.Selling nuts is good business. Fessenjan, a dish made from nuts, is a popular dish here. The healing spring Cheshmeh-Aala appears under a rock. The water is bottled by a French company and so it is known all over the world. The spring and an adjacent park are now a popular destination. Many from the royal court came to Cheshmeh-Aala for their summer retreat. Lar is the largest valley in Iran and is located 70 kilometers east of Tehran. It's called Crazy Lar because of the inconsistent weather. Lar honey is very popular. Many work here as beekeepers. Lar also has suitable places for fishing and here you can also go hiking and cycling. There is a lake and a dam. The Mosha plain is considered unique. It is known for its medicinal plants and flowers. The medicinal plant Gol-e Gavzaban is a specialty. It strengthens the five senses, heals breathing difficulties and helps with anxiety. Gol-e Gavzaban only grows in Mosha. Many foreigners wanted to grow this plant in their homeland without success. Mosha is also known for the hang-gliders in summer and in winter you can also go skiing here. Places of pilgrimage The tomb of Imamzadeh Hashem is in the north of Mosha. Imamzadeh Hashem is a great-grandson of Imam Hassan. Imam Hassan is considered by the Shiites to be the second successor of the Prophet Muhammad. The tomb is adorned with shiny mirrors and beautiful 10 crystal chandeliers. The pilgrims pray on the soft carpets on the floor Recipe: Fessenjan Ingredients: 2 glasses of ground nuts, 1-2 chopped onions, 1 teaspoon turmeric, a pinch of salt, 1 liter of water, 1 whole chicken breast, oil, 1 cup of pomegranate pulp, sugar. Preparation: Roast the nuts and onions in a saucepan without oil until the nuts add oil, that takes about 5 minutes over medium heat. Then turmeric and salt are added and roasting continues for 2 minutes. Pour water on and wait until the water starts to boil. Briefly sear the chicken breast in a pan with a little oil and add it to the water with the nuts. When the chicken is cooked, add the pomegranate pulp and season with sugar. The more oil the Fessenjan has, the better it is. Fessenjan is eaten with Iranian (steamed) rice. Good Appetite. Explanations: TL: teaspoon (small spoon) l: liters Questions about the text LWhat is the function of nut trees in Cheshmeh-Aala? They make the summer cool. LWhat are the occupations of the residents of Lar? Beekeeper LWhat is very famous in Lar and Mosha? Lar: Honey, Mosha: Gol-e Gavzaban

11 Damavand The highest mountain in Iran By Samira Moshaee Discover Iran ikni, Mons Jasonius, B Coronus mons, Karen, Lavasan, Dunbavand and finally Damavand are the names that designate the highest mountain in Iran. Dam in Persian means draft, breath of wind, breath. So Damavand would be the mountain blown by the winds or the mountain with the outflowing winds, which would indicate its volcanic origin. The second part of the name -and is likely to come from Old Indian and means snow mountain. Damavand would therefore be called The Schneeberg tossed over by the winds. Geography At 567 m, the Damavand is not only the highest mountain in Iran, but in the entire Middle East. The former volcano with 70 craters that can still be identified today is located about 80 km south of the Caspian Sea, in the northeast of Tehran, in the central part of the Alboorz Mountains. Myth and legends about the Damavand In mythology, the three-headed dragon Azhi Dahaka was chained to the mountain, where he must remain until the end of time. The legend of Arash also takes place around the mountain. Under the rule of Manuchehr (first king in Shahname, the Iranian heroic epic), Iran and Turan waged war. Afrasiab, the king of Turan, captured Iranian soldiers. Finally Manuchehr made an offer of peace. It was decided that an Iranian archer should shoot an arrow over the Damavand. The border between Iran and Turan should then be where the arrow lay. Arash, the Iranian hero, volunteered to be an archer. Arash mounted the Damavand and fired. The arrow flew from morning to sunset and finally sank onto a walnut tree near the Amu Daryas (river on the border mountains between Tajikistan and Afghanistan). This is where the limit was set. After the shooting, Arash was so tired that he died instantly. Arash is the symbol of sacrifice for the homeland. The national epic of the Iranians, the Shahname, is full of the adventures that happened on the Damavand. Also in the poem Damavand by Mohammad-Taqi Bahar there is a beautiful example of the meaning of the mountain in Persian literature: Oh, white demon with feet in chains; oh, terrestrial dome; oh, damavand. Questions about the text LWhat does and in Damavand mean? LWhy did Arash die? LHow did the war between Iran and Turan end? Schneeberg Determined by tiredness. Turan by shooting an arrow as Arash crossed the border between Iran and 11

12 Discover Iran The Isfahan Bridges By Niloofar Rajaiepoor The city of Isfahan is located in the center of Iran, around 400 km south of the capital Tehran. The Zayanderood River flows in the center of the city and is around 400 km long. The river is not deep, so no ships can sail on it. The river bank is often used for picnics. From here you can also see the Rang Mountain of the Zagros Mountains. The river flows into the Gavkhooni swamp. Several bridges have been built across the river in the city. Isfahan is especially famous for these bridges: Marnan, Si-o se Pol, Joui, Khaju and Shahrestan. They are very old and have a beautiful architecture. The other bridges like Vahid, Felezi, Azar, Ferdosi, Bozorgmehr and Gadir are new, modern bridges. Shahrestan Bridge The Shahrestan Bridge is the oldest bridge and is 105 meters long. It was built in the 12th generation of the Seljuk period (1037 to 1399). The Seljuk were of Turkish descent and loved trading in Islamic art. They were very successful in Iran. Photo: Josef Rajaiepoor Khaju Bridge The Khaju Bridge is very fascinating. It was built under Shah Abass II in 1950 and has two parts. It is 132 meters long and has terraces. 12th

13 After 12 meters there is a kind of living room. It is called the Prince's Salon and is adorned with sparkling stones. The famous tea house is also under the Khaju Bridge. There people drink tea and smoke water pipes. Discover Iran Joui Bridge The bridge is 147 meters long and only 14 meters wide. It was built of wood under Shah Abass II. It was a link between the royal gardens. The special thing about it: a small stream flows on the bridge! And at the ends of the bridge, the river looks like a great sea. Beryan or Beryoon a dish from Isfahan Si-o-se Pol Bridge The Si-o-se Pol Bridge was built in 1682. It is also called Alah-Verdi-Khan Bridge, after the famous soldier of Shah Abass. At 295 meters, it is the longest bridge and has 33 arches. For this reason they are called Si-o-se Pol, which literally means 33 bridges. The bridge is also a link between Isfahan and Armenia (Jolfa) and was built by Iranians. Marnan Bridge The bridge is located in the west of Isfahan, it was built in 1599 and is 160 meters long. The bridge used to be called Marbin. Originally the word comes from the tsarandustrian Mehrbin. That supposedly means a place from which you can see the sun. Modern bridges Vahid (1970), Felezi (1950), Azar (1976), Ferdosi (1980), Bozorgmehr (1970) and Ghadir (2000) are modern bridges. Questions about the text LWhen was the Khaju Bridge built? LWhat does the original name of the Marnin Bridge mean? LWhat are the main ingredients of Beryan? 1950, under Shah Abbas II Square, from which you can see the sun. Sheep meat and lung The dish is prepared from sheep meat and sheep lung. First, the sheep meat and lungs are roasted with onions. Everything is minced, formed into small patties and grilled over an open fire. You can refine beryan with pistachios and berberis. Isfahans eat the dish with Isfahan bread (Nan-e Taftoon or Nane Sangak), plus fresh vegetables and Kashk (a type of sour yogurt). Photo: Farhad Rafiei 13

14 Discover Iran YAZD The desert city in Iran By Kamelia Safaie and Maryam Sarshar The common opinion in Yazd is that the city was owned by the Sassanid ruler Yazdgerd Ι. has been established. Some historians consider Alexander the Great (until 323 BC) to be the founder. If that is correct, then today's Yazd would have been an area for high-ranking Achaemenid prisoners. And maybe the city of Yazd was even built by Achaemenid prisoners. The Zendan-e Iskandar also comes from them. This former Alexander prison is a beautiful and important landmark in Yazd. The city of Yazd lies between two deserts. To the north is the Dasht-e Kavir desert and to the south is the Dasht-e Lut desert. Yazd, which means adoration and adoration in ancient Persian, also has the largest Zoroastrian community in Iran. Photo: Kamelia Safaie Architektur With its winding streets, wind towers and adobe architecture, Yazd is a good example of a desert city. The architecture is adapted to the hot climate and strong sunshine. Winding alleys provide a natural draft and cooling. Mud bricks radiate a pleasant coolness. The wind towers (Bad-Gir, see sketch) together with the underground cisterns (Ab-Anbar) ensure a cool and 14

15 moist air circulation in the houses. This ingenious system acts as a natural air conditioning system. In the garden of Bagh-e-Dolatabad (merging of wind tower and qanat) there is an octagonal, 33 meter high wind tower. It cools a summer house and is the tallest wind tower ever built. The many old trees are all irrigated by a comprehensive canal system (qanat). A qanat system over 60 km long was led from Shirkuh Mountain into the desert city and irrigates the entire agriculture of Yazd and secures the drinking water supply. Temple was donated by Zoroastrians in Bombai around 1900. The temple entrance symbolizes the god Ahura Mazda in exactly the same form as the relief from the Achaemenid period. From the entrance you have a view of the eternal fire. Questions about the text LWhere does the eternal fire come from? from Bobmbai LWhat is the Zendan-e Iskandar today? Towers of Silence - Dakhmeh About 12 km southwest of the city of Yazd are two large Zoroastrian burial sites. According to tradition, a corpse is placed on towers. Vultures decompose the corpse. The bones are buried in a ceremony in rock caves, the East Sudan. However, this form of burial has been prohibited in Iran for hygienic reasons since 1970. Discover Iran Atash-Warham Temple (Atasch Kadeh) In Yazd there are Zoroastrian prayer temples. The most famous is the new fire temple, which was built from light-colored bricks. The holy, eternal fire in a sight for tourists LHow are houses cooled in the desert city? through wind towers, qanats, mud bricks 15

16 Discover Iran By Anita Amiri Kutche Berlan شهرداری منطقه 12 ناحیه 1 In the center of the city of Tehran, between the streets Lalezar and Ferdowsi and behind the German embassy, ​​there is a long alley, the Kutche Berlan (Berliner Straße). This street is known for its lively business activity and has a long tradition as a shopping street. There are many modern and beautiful shopping malls in Tehran, where you can buy famous brands at high prices. These are mostly found in the north of Tehran, where mostly people with a higher standard of living live. On the contrary, there are far more people living in southern Tehran who have to be very economical with money. In the Kutche Berlan, goods are offered for sale that correspond to the economic situation of the southern Tehrans. You can therefore buy many things such as make-up items, various clothes for men, women and also children with a wide variety of colors at a low price. Mariam, 30 years old, a dressmaker and seller of wedding dresses, has been working in Kutche Berlan for ten years. Mariam herself lives in the south of Tehran and has been very familiar with the Kutche Berlan since she was a child. In an interview with the ÖKFenster, she briefly talked about her experiences and memories over all these years. Mariam often serves her own regular customers who live in southern Tehran. Above all, she sees young newlyweds in the Berlan Kutche, who come either alone or accompanied by their family to shop for the wedding dress. Mariam then tries to offer dresses that correspond to the groom's financial situation, because it seldom happens that the dress price becomes an issue. That can lead to a breakup every now and then! Street vendors and street performers Street vendors sell everything in Kutche Berlan - from stockings, pajamas, underwear, toys, CDs to faloude (an ice cream made from starch, sugar and rose water, sometimes with lemon juice) and aloutsche (boiled sour cherries) for children. Mohammad, 36 years old, was 12 years old when he left school to support their family with his father. He has been selling rings for women in Kutche Berlan for 20 years. He believes that one of the most important prerequisites for his work is that I just have to be really keen to sell something, because women like to haggle and it often takes hours to convince them of something. It becomes especially a problem when they come back after a week or more and want their money back because they have regretted the purchase. After he said that, he laughs and says: I am still satisfied with my work and thank God I can keep my family with it. In the Kutche Berlan you can mainly see young men who have an accordion slung over their shoulders or they carry a tonbak (Persian drum) and usually play very happy songs. In most cases they are accompanied by dancing girls and boys who delight passers-by. Cheap restaurants In Kutche Berlan there are restaurants that offer both fast food and Persian cuisine. The two restaurants Hatam and Dolopi are particularly popular. You can eat delicious falafel (chickpea patties) and kebabs here, and they are very cheap. This is the ideal refreshment when you have got tired of shopping. Photo: Anita Amiri Questions about the text LWhat instruments do the street musicians play? LWhat is Mohammad complaining about? Tonbak and accordion about women demanding their money back L What, according to Mariam, leads to the separation of couples? the discussion about the price of the wedding dress 16

17 PQuality of first carpets By Mahgol Farjadnia As with other luxury goods, when buying a Persian carpet it is particularly important to make sure that the product is original and genuine. Unfortunately, there is no such thing as 100% certainty, but the following tips may come in handy. Checking the back of the rug: On the back of a handmade rug, the warp and weft are not as regular as on machine woven rugs. The pattern of a machine-woven carpet is perfectly symmetrical: you can hardly find such precisely crafted hand-woven carpets. The pattern or image of a handmade rug is very clear on both sides, that of a machine-woven rug looks very dull on the reverse. In a hand-made carpet, the pile is along the chain, but the pile in a machine-woven carpet is woven separately and is only then connected to the carpet. And as a final tip: the chain on a handmade carpet is heavier than on a machine-woven carpet. In addition, hand-made carpets can be folded lengthways and widthways, but machine-woven carpets cannot. If Persian carpets are cared for with sufficient care, they will stay clear and beautiful for a long time: carpets are best protected from direct sunlight, so thick curtains are recommended in rooms with carpets. If a carpet gets wet, it should be dried and cleaned as quickly as possible. Pets are not supposed to sleep on carpets. Urine and excrement can destroy the carpet. Darkness and a lack of fresh air make the carpets susceptible to harmful insects and vermin (e.g. moths). Therefore, never leave carpets under the bed or sofa for longer. Culture Cleaning a Persian carpet A carpet should be washed after two or three years. You can wash a carpet at home, but only if the carpet is colourfast. The accessories for washing carpets are very simple: a bucket, a brush with soft bristles that are no longer than 3 cm, shampoo or soap. First you mix a cup of shampoo with ten cups of warm water, two spoons of vinegar are also very good. There are also special cleaning products for washing carpets. You brush the carpet carefully with the solution, then with warm water and let it dry completely. Direct sunlight is harmful to carpets, as is direct heat from a fireplace or stove. A warm place without direct heat or sunlight is best. Questions about the text LWhat is important about the Persian carpet? L How often should the carpets be washed? It should be original and real handcraft. L How do you recognize handmade carpets? They can be laid together in length and width. every two or three years 17

18 Culture The First Charter of Freedom By Farahnaz Fathi Collaboration with Samira Moshaee and Khatere Mohammadi Asil It has been around 130 years since the Assyrian archaeologist Hormoz Rassam found a small shape 23 centimeters long and 11 centimeters in circumference. This cylinder is now considered the first charter of freedom and human rights declaration. The text on the cylinder was written in Neo-Babylonian script and language around 539 BC. Written in BC.The victory over the Babylonian Empire is portrayed from the point of view of the Persian king Kurosh (Cyros) the Great. He was the sixth king of the Achaemenid dynasty and ruled until around 529 BC. The cylinder has been damaged over time. When the cylinder was found, it was not complete, so a small, missing piece was found that was reinserted into the cylinder. In 2010 two more missing pieces were found. But these were not from the original cylinder but from a copy. Nevertheless, the find was helpful because it completed part of the lost lines. When the original cylinder was made, a few copies were also made. They were sent to different cities and served as a call for peace. Except for two parts from one copy, none have been found. Another copy was made by the British Museum. This copy of this precious cylinder is now in the UN building in New York to call the people to peace. Historians believe that Kurosh's army died on October 10, 539 BC. Babylon conquered peacefully. Kurosh personally entered the country on October 29th. This was preceded by a victory for his army without a bloodbath. The Iranians were therefore able to greet the day with the top hat of the first Freedom Charter on October 29th as Kurosh's name day. In September 2010, the Kurosh cylinder was brought to Iran and proudly exhibited in the Iranian National Museum. The Kurosh cylinder is in Iran for the second time. The cylinder came to Kurosh's homeland for a short time 39 years ago. That was when Iran's last Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi celebrated the 2500th anniversary of the Iranian kingdom. At that time, however, the public did not have the opportunity to view the cylinder. From New Babylonian into Persian Dr. Abdolmajid Arfai (see photo) is a well-known expert on ancient languages ​​in Iran. He studied at the University of Chicago at the Orient Institute. He was instrumental in making the collection of writings in the Iranian National Museum accessible. Dr. Arfai is also the one who translated the neo-Babylonian text on the Kurosh cylinder into Persian (Farsi). He got a copy of the cylinder from the British Museum. Dr. Arfai thinks the text was written by a Babylonian clergyman from the Marduk Temple and consists of different parts. The first part speaks of Nabonidus. Kurosh called him the Babylonian King of Oppression. Nabonidus is said to have angered the gods with his behavior towards the people. Because of this, God Marduk had Nabonidus defeated and his people liberated. The one from Marduk to victory 18

19 culture chosen was Kurosh, then king of the city of Anzhan. After the victory, he was even greeted with gifts by guests from different countries and honored by the whole world. The last lines tell of the fortification of the city and the installation of new gates for Babylon. But the most important part of the cylinder is the report of Kurosh's victory and what happened afterwards: My soldiers kindly entered the Marduk Temple. What they did was kind. I didn't want to cause harm to anyone or to scare anyone. This made the gods happy and I wish that they pray for me, my son Kambusia and my soldiers at Marduk. I wanted to offer great protection. I released the prisoners and sent them home. (translated by Farahnaz Fathi) Niel Mac Gregor, Director of the British Museum, accompanied the Kurosh cylinder on its journey to Iran and said at the opening event that the cylinder was part of the history of the Orient and also of the world. Kurosh's encounter with the prisoners is unique and there is no similar example in world history. He is happy that he was able to bring the cylinder back to the land of Kurosh and present it. After seven months, the coveted exhibit went back to the British Museum. Perhaps this valuable cylinder will come back to Iran one day. In any case, Iranians are proud that the first Freedom Charter came from Iran and is dedicated to the whole world! Kourosh, the most powerful Kourosh, the Persian king, lived from 600 to 529 BC. He was able to expand the small rule of his ancestors into an important great power. In history, his character is considered unique. He had great respect for all people, even enemies and failed people. His rule was without killing and bloodshed, so that he conquered the city of Babel (present-day Iraq) without war and released the prisoners. Kourosh also counts to a religious character. In the Torah he is also called the Eastern Eagle and Savior. In Europe he was known in the Middle Ages under the name "Kourosh the Mightiest". The cylinder is made of clay and was made around 539 to 538 years before Christ. Kourosh's words are immortalized in 45 lines in the Babelonian language in cuneiform. The Kourosh Cylinder The cylinder was found on a wall in Babel. The text contains moral and social values ​​and shows the sense of justice of the Persian King Kourosh. There are no human rights in the text, but there are guiding principles for a king's human interaction with his people. Therefore this is considered the first human rights declaration. It was also a basis for the American Declaration of Independence. Hormoz Rassam was born in 1826 to a Christian family in Mosul, present-day Iraq. He belonged to the Assyrian minority. He studied in England and the British Museum allowed him to continue excavations in Assyria and Babylon. The Kourosh cylinder is considered to be his most important discovery. He died in Brighton in 1910, where he is also buried. Note: Kourosh or Kurosh, also Kurosch - all transmissions from the Persian script are in use. Questions about the text L Which museum made a copy of the cylinder? LWhat is the most important part of the Kourosh cylinder about? the British Museum of Koursho's Victory and Kind Intent LWhy is Kourosh unique in world history? because of his peaceful treatment of the prisoners Photos: Farahnaz Fathi 19

20 Culture Yalda - The longest night of the year and midsummer bonfire The shortest night of the year man, Christmas is a further development of this festival. According to the Julian calendar, the longest night was also celebrated on December 21st, today's winter solstice. In addition to the Roman Empire and Iran, this festival was also celebrated in Egypt and Greece. In ancient Syriac, Yalda means birth. This meant the birth of the sun, because the day after the Yalda night the sun shines longer again: the days are getting longer and the nights are getting shorter. For Iranians, darkness was the symbol of devil and evil. That is why in the longest night the fire was kindled against the devil of darkness. The people came together for this and celebrated a big party. They ate dried fruits and nibbled on sweets, which the Zoroastrians called lork. Some Iranians also prayed for light to triumph over darkness and stayed awake until dawn to see the so-called rebirth of the sun for itself. The next day, the 1st Dey, was called Khor-Rooz so the day of the sun. This day was a major holiday. Wars and battles were also forbidden. Even the slaughter of chickens or sheep was forbidden. People also avoided bad deeds and sins because at the Khor-Rooz even every small sin was considered a mortal sin. Yalda night is still celebrated in Iran. That night the family gets together and eats dried fruits, nuts, melons and pomegranates. These fruits have many grains, so they are symbols of fertility. Melons and pomegranates symbolize the sun. Questions about the text The older family members By Sogol Samimi T the night of December 21st to 22nd in the Persian calendar is the night before the first of the month of Dey. It is the longest night of the year and is often referred to by the Iranians as the Ge Yalda or Chelleh night. That night the birth of Mitras was celebrated in ancient Iran. Mitra was considered the goddess of light by the Zoroastrians. There was also a co-cult in the Roman and literary empires. The Romans celebrated the New Year's poetry from December 25th to January 1st. With Christianization in Europe, the birth of Christ was celebrated on December 25th instead of the birth of Mitra. That is why the poet Hafez, Sadi and Ferdosi says. Fal-Hafiz, a form of fortune-telling, is also common: you ask a question about the future. You can read the answer between the lines of a poem by Hafez that happened to be opened. Midsummer celebrations often take place in Austria on the shortest night of the year. Today, summer solstices are celebrated on June 21st. According to the old Julian calendar, this is the birthday of John the Baptist (prophet in the Old Testament). Midsummer is therefore also known in many areas as the St. John's Festival. At the summer solstice, one celebrates the longest day of the year and above all the victory of light against darkness. From this point on, the days get shorter again. This festival is mainly associated with myths and legends. According to the Teutons, Siegfried, the sun hero, loses power and life energy with the solstice. He starts his life again in the spring. This day is considered a magical time for wishes, love, and weddings. According to an old legend, if a couple jump over the fire they will soon get married! Fire has a permanent place at the summer solstice. A great fire is lit to drive away evil spirits. People dance around fire and jump over it, because fire has healing and purifying effects on people. The first solstice fire in Austria was around 400 years ago in the Danube region of Lower Austria. It is said that this night has a healing effect. That is why the morning dew is collected to heal a sick person or animal. Herbs collected around the solstice have a healing effect. St. John's wort helps with fever and cold. Nowadays, the solstice is still celebrated with a large fire, and often with fireworks as well. Music bands play to this and there is also no lack of food and drink. L In which countries was Yalda Night celebrated? Iran, Egypt, Greece, Roman Empire LWhat is the significance of darkness for Iranians? It was the symbol of the devil. LWhat did they do for the light in ancient Iran? One prayed for the victory of light over darkness. LWhat is the summer solstice? the longest day of the year LHow did people celebrate the solstice? with a big fire LWhat did people think of the shortest night? They believed that it had healing properties. 20th

21 Everything is Architecture Culture That is a well-known saying of the Austrian Hans Hollein, who designed the Glass and Ceramics Museum in Tehran. By Maryam Sarshar Hans Hollein, the famous Austrian architect, designer, artist and architectural theorist was born on March 30, 1934 in Vienna. He graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna in 1956. He flew to the USA and studied architecture and urban planning at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) in Chicago. Then he did a Master of Architecture at the University of California, Berkeley, College of Environmental Design in 1960. He lives and works in Vienna. Hans Hollein was a professor at various European and American universities. He drew plans for almost everywhere in the world. Some of his most important and well-known projects are the Haas-Haus in Vienna, the Museum for Glass and Ceramics in Tehran, the Guggenheim Museum - Museum in Mönchsberg in Salzburg, the Kulturforum in Berlin, the Austrian Embassy in Berlin, the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. In 1985 he received the Pritzker Architecture Prize for his works. The building Haj Hossein Ghaffari originally built the building of today's Glass and Ceramics Museum in Tehran. It falls into the era of the Ghajars, a royal family in Iran (from 1794 to 1925). The house served the Iranian Prime Minister Ghavam-o Saltaneh as an apartment and office until 1953. Then it was used as an embassy building by both Egypt and Afghanistan, the Farah Institute (the wife of the Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, last Shah) bought the building to set up the Museum of Glass and Ceramics. Hans Hollein was invited to Iran for this. The museum As an interior designer, Hans Hollein divided the museum into two parts: first floor for objects from the pre-Islamic era, second floor for exhibits from 651 onwards, after the fall of the Sassanids and the spread of Islam. In the entrance hall of the museum there is a large television in the shape of a Shahr-e Farang. This is an old Iranian photo: Roozbeh Mirbeigi player with a crank that works without electricity. On the first floor, in the Mina and Bolur Hall, he designed showcases that are reminiscent of Persepolis. They have shapes like the ruins in Persepolis. There are showcases on the second floor, the floors of which look like a desert. That is supposed to represent Zarrinfaam. Iranians produce this gold-colored ceramic. The Lajevard Hall belongs to the Safavid era (from 1501 to 1722). It shows the hats and also the temples of the Sufis. From the hall I have a nice view of the streets of Tehran. The heater was designed so that it cannot be easily seen. This does not disturb the sight and the beautiful impression in the museum. Reflective metal was used for the showcases to reflect the surroundings. A clay jug with the Gilgamesh epic is reflected in the lid of a showcase. The doors of the storage rooms have not been changed but are used as shop windows. The museum was almost completely finished before Hans Hollein went back to Austria. One part that was formed after Hollein's visit to Tehran is the art mirror in the hall on the second floor. Hans Hollein has brought a modern design to the old building of the Glass and Ceramics Museum. Questions about the text LWhat can you see in the museum? Glass and ceramic objects LWhat does the interior design look like? There are two parts (pre-Islamic and Islamic epoch). For what purposes has the building been used to this day? as an apartment, Afghan and Egyptian embassy, ​​museum 21

22 Photo: Keyvan Paydar Music There are two types of music: Good & Bad Interview Keyvan Paydar Collaboration with Nilufar Eshghi The jazz quartet Harms & Kahr not only played in the Kulturforum but also on the national holiday in the residence of the Austrian ambassador. In an interview with the ÖKFenster, they explain their approach to music. What do you call your style? Austro Jazz? Martin: Well, what we do is modern jazz. Perhaps what is special about us is that we do edits, e.g. Playing Austrian folk songs, we have arranged a Persian folksong, once something by Gustav Mahler. Not many jazz musicians do that. When did you start making music? Martin: Well, I started playing the piano when I was 6 years old. Then I have 22

23 Learned the cello for 5 years. But then I got interested in other musical instruments and really wanted to learn the saxophone. I started that when I was 15 and decided that it had to become my job. Michael: My father is a classical trumpet musician for me and that is how I came into contact with music very early on. There is a photo of me where I was blowing a trumpet when I was two. I also started playing the recorder when I was 5, then the trumpet when I was 8 and the piano when I was 9. Martin: I didn't say the recorder, but I also played it! Stefan: Yes, I also started with the recorder, but my parents don't make music. When I was 7 I wanted a guitar, when I was 9 or 10 I started playing rock music, school bands. At some point I got into the bass, first electric bass and then I decided that I would like to continue and went to the conservatory. I only learned the double bass when I was 16 or 17 years old. How do you feel about rock music? Martin: I'm actually open to any kind of music, I really enjoy listening to classical music, I've also studied, but actually rarely get around to playing it. In principle, I'm also very open to rock music. There is good and bad in every genre of music. Michael: I can only agree with that. For me it's very similar and maybe a quote from Duke Ellington: There are only two types of music: good and bad! Do you have any secret recipes? Martin: I also teach and I give my students two golden rules at the beginning. Namely, they should play everything they play in all twelve keys and everything in time, i.e. H. Do not get faster and slower in the process. What I also say to my students is to listen consciously. I give my students two golden rules at the beginning. Namely, they should play everything they play in all twelve keys and hear everything in time ... and consciously. Switch on the stereo system, listen consciously and nothing else. Michael: I think it's important not to lose your openness when it comes to music. When studying, some run the risk of becoming very specialized or becoming attached to a problem. It is good to be reminded to be open and not to lose sight of the big picture. Stefan: You play so much music all the time and you just have to be aware that this is the job you enjoy doing. And that you also choose music that you like to play. Stylistically, you shouldn't be dull, you also have to constantly demand new goals.How do you compose your songs? Do you have a specific method? Where does it all start? Michael: For me, at least at the moment, I consciously choose the methods, tailored to the respective music group I'm writing for or for the respective premiere location or for this group, for the audience for whom the music is intended . I didn't do that before. I used to get really into jazz and worked according to these rules. But now I try to include the context of the respective venue or the respective group or the respective audience. I recently finished my PhD and as part of this research, context awareness became more and more important to me. Martin: Yes, it is different for me. An example is the arrangement of this old Persian song Lara Carriage. We got that from a songbook. I thought you could edit that. It would be nice that we play something out of tradition here. And as Michael put it, based on the situation and the band. But for me it often happens that I sit at the piano or while practicing music 23

24 Photo: Shahab Mokhber Music I have an idea, write it down and start making a piece of it without my aim now to have it played here or there. I have stacks of ideas at the piano. Stefan: I would also say it's a mixture, although I also work more intuitively. So when I have ideas, I go somewhere there is an instrument or I try to memorize it or write it down. How much practice do you actually need per day to play successfully on stage? Martin: We all studied our instruments. On the way to becoming a musician, you have to have practiced intensively for a few years. So a few hours every day, really every day. Once you've done that, once you've worked out the basis, I think it depends a bit on the instrument. As a wind player, I try to blow in there at least every day. But if I z. For example, if I have a concert, then I just play myself. I practice every day that I don't have a rehearsal or a concert. Michael: Yes, it's very similar with me. So during my studies it was a very intense time. After that, it's actually like that you always carry the music around with you, even when you're doing other things. Then certain ideas develop further in the subconscious or in the conscious mind without sitting in front of the instrument. But the time before the instrument is of course also very important and that is already determined by regularity. Stefan: Yes, I think pretty much everything has already been said. During your studies you are mainly concerned with technology and you also practice a lot. That was the case with me. In the meantime, because you play more concerts or different styles of music, I think you try to understand more of these styles of music. I have these things z. B. not paid much attention to at the time of my studies. Michael: Just like every person has their fingerprint, which is unmistakable, you can also play an instrument in an unmistakable way. Martin: Yes, as a student you are very focused on that: I want to find my sound, my personal genre. So, I also say to the younger ones: stop it! Don't worry. The sound comes through over the years. What moved you to a concert here in Iran? Michael: With Martin and me, since we are both married to Iranian women, we have a strong personal relationship. We had a very good time here. Above all, I really have to say that the audience here was fantastic, you rarely experience that kind of enthusiasm. Do you also know Persian bands from the Orient that have probably also influenced jazz? 24

25 The Musicians Music Martin Harms (saxophone) teaches saxophone and improvisation at the J.J. Fux Conservatory in Graz. He plays in several international bands and is considered a particularly versatile musician and composer. Photo: Shahab Mokhber Martin: Well, I actually got access to this traditional music through my wife, who is a classical singer, and she fascinates me very much. Precisely because on the one hand it also includes improvisations, which is parallel to our music. On the other hand, however, due to the lack of this harmony, it is also completely different. Do you want to get rid of something at the end? Martin: We were definitely really impressed by the enthusiasm here, we rarely or never see that people jump up from their seats when we announce a piece by John Coltrane! When we play in a club in Austria there is also applause from the scene and solo applause, but I can't remember that people jumped up to the kind of jazz. Michael: Martin and I, we are trying harder as part of our regular visits here in the country to also expand the teaching activities that we are now doing in the Tehran Conservatory in the context of workshops, to establish even more intensive contact with the younger generation here in this country . Thank you for the interesting conversation and your patience! We wish you continued success with your music. Is the statement true (r) or false (f)? LMartin and Michael had a personal motivation to perform in Iran. LA unique experience on their trip was the uncanny enthusiasm of the audience in Iran. The saxophone was Martin's first and most popular musical instrument. LMartin thinks that young musicians should imitate their idols. (r) (r) (f) (f) Photo: Keyvan Paydar Michael Kahr (piano) completed his doctorate in 2010 at the University of Sydney, Australia. He mainly performed at festivals and clubs in Europe, America, Africa and Australia. He is also a member of the European-African Jazz Orchestra and the Australian Ensemble Mosaic. He also plays in his own quartet. Stefan Thaler (double bass) is a musician, composer and producer. He won several prizes, including the Austrian World Music Award. He has worked with famous people like Roland Neuwirth, Andrea Bocelli and Caroline de Rooij. He is also the band leader of ThaBoom, known for music from the Balkans. Gregor Josel (drums) began his career in several swing orchestras at the age of 12. He has played with various jazz and rock bands at many festivals and clubs in various European countries. 25th

26 Music A passionate gentleman By Anita Amiri and Samira Moshaee Photo: Anita Amiri Personal details Arno Kastelliz was born in Graz in 1970 and lives in Vienna. He is married and has 3 children. He studied at the Horn Musikhochschule and passed the teaching qualification test at the Conservatory. He then studied agriculture at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences and also did pedagogy here so that he can also teach this subject. Austria is the land of music you hear a lot. The Austro-Iranian Symphony Orchestra (AISO) has existed in ÖKFTeheran (Austrian Cultural Forum Tehran) since 2006. The AISO rehearses all year round and has already had many successful performances. Many musicians from Austria travel to Iran for training purposes and to maintain the intercultural dialogue between Iran and Austria. One of them was the horn player Arno Kastelliz. He was in Tehran in the summer of 2010 and held workshops and master classes for the AISO wind instruments. The highlight was a concert with the AISO wind ensemble. Pieces by Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Denes Agay and Charles Gounod were on the program for flute, oboe, clarinet and bassoon. The concert was accompanied by a violin. 26

27 Kastelliz and Handel's music Arno Kastelliz made music relatively early. When he was four or five years old, he learned the recorder and also the piano. But he didn't get on very well with that. Then, at the age of eleven, on the advice of his father, he began to learn the horn. As a child he loved Handel and especially the sound of the horns. I couldn't imagine what the horn would look like, but I was fascinated by the sound, he says. At the age of 14 he began to play in school orchestras and also to make chamber music. What does a good horn player need? To be a good musician, you have to love the music, and if you love the music, you usually meet the other requirements by yourself, Kastelliz is convinced. He sees it as particularly important that you practice diligently so that you can achieve a certain level of ability. For horn you need a lot of meat at the beginning. That means you have to be willing to invest a lot of time, do simple exercises that may not sound very nice. Only when you have overcome that do you have a sense of achievement. Musician and teacher Arno Kastelliz is not only a musician but also a teacher at an agricultural school. After studying music and passing the teaching qualification test at the conservatory, he completed another degree at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, namely agriculture. Now he works as a musician on the one hand and teaches as an agricultural engineer on the other. He decided to become a teacher when he became a father for the first time. At that time he thought: Well, now it is important that I have a secure source of income. So now I'm an agriculture teacher by profession and I make music as a hobby. If the opportunity arises, I play as a soloist somewhere or play interesting projects with orchestras or I make chamber music. His passion for music has resulted in him founding a chamber music ensemble with like-minded people. Together they have already given many concerts in and around Vienna. With an organist, he worked out a great many works that they play together in churches. His experiences with the AISO What he likes so much about the AISO is the enthusiasm of the musicians: They are enthusiastic about what they are doing, they are not actually distracted by anything else. Even when they saw the notes for the first time, they were able to work them out relatively quickly, said Kastelliz. He also wants to give the musicians great praise during the conversation. You gave me a lot of support. Questions about the text LWhat was Arno Kastelliz's first instrument? LWhat does a good musician need? LWhat is the aim of the AISO? Cultivating intercultural dialogue You have to love music and practice a lot. Recorder 27

28 Music We want to make our music happy! By Rana Saheb Nassagh That is the motto of Joschi Schneeberger, the father of the Hans Koller Prize winner Diknu Schneeberger. They have been playing with Martin Spitzer for five years and amaze young and old in different countries with their gypsy jazz music. Everything turned out without any problems, says 20-year-old Diknu, who, like his father, has gypsy jazz in his blood as a Sinti and has had the right ear for music for a year from the rhythm guitarist Martin Spitzer . Until the point when the teacher noticed Diknus' apparent talent and could no longer teach him in this style. So they decided to meet to play together. Since Joschi was a bass player, he rehearsed right away and that's how the Diknu Schneeberger Trio came into being. The Hans Koller Prize Almost the only and most important jazz prize in Austria is the Hans Koller Prize, which is named after the first and best European jazz musician, Hans Cyrill Koller. As one of the most impressive saxophonists, he played with musical groups in many different countries and made records. It was precisely in 2006 in the Austrian Music Office (AMO) that Diknu Schneeberger, after only two years of playing the guitar, received this prestigious award as Talent of the Year. I did not expect that was Diknu's comment on this. Two years later, his teacher Martin Spitzer also received the Hans Koller Prize as Sideman Of The Year. Concerts After these unexpected prizes, the success started. You could hear the rapid gypsy jazz almost everywhere. So 80 Kon- Photo: Rana Saheb Nassagh 28