What are some medicinal benefits of cannabis

This is how cannabis as medicine can help

Status: 02/26/2018 12:06 p.m.
In the case of various diseases, there is a right to be prescribed cannabis.

The extract of the hemp plant, cannabis, is banned in Germany. Cannabis, as dried flowers (marijuana) or resin (hashish), is not only an intoxicant, but also a very effective drug that plays a special role in pain therapy. Until recently, cannabis drugs in Germany were only approved for spasticity and multiple sclerosis. For a good year now, there has also been a right to be prescribed cannabis medication for other serious illnesses.

Who can get cannabis on prescription?

Cannabis is not the first choice because it doesn't help everyone: Doctors prescribe cannabis products - such as dronabinol drops - for chronically ill patients who can no longer tolerate common painkillers or whose painkillers no longer work. Cannabis is most likely to work against pain that arises in the nervous system. Above all, spastic and neuropathic pain, which often occurs in cancer patients after radiation therapy, can be relieved quite effectively. Cannabis can also be helpful for phantom pain after amputations. Doctors may, if necessary, prescribe the pure flowers or cannabis preparations in the form of capsules, drops, oil or as an oral spray.

How cannabis works

Cannabis contains more than 100 active ingredients. The two most important are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD):

  • THC lifts the mood, changes perception (foggy) and relieves pain.
  • CBD anti-inflammatory, relieves cramps, relieves anxiety and relieves pain.

Cannabis has advantages that other active ingredients do not have: The body itself produces very similar substances, the so-called endo-cannabinoids, which develop their effect via various receptors that are also sensitive to ingested cannabis active ingredients. The CB1 receptor is found in the central nervous system and many other organs and relieves anxiety, stress, restlessness and pain. The CB2 receptor is located in the immune cells of the lungs and intestines and has an anti-inflammatory effect.

There is a lack of empirical values

There are still too few empirical values ​​and studies on effectiveness, long-term and side effects, because cannabis was not allowed to be used and examined due to the previous legal situation. If dosed too high, cannabis spray, for example, can limit short-term memory. Cannabis drugs are not suitable for patients with depressive disorders or other psychiatric illnesses, or for patients with heart diseases such as cardiac arrhythmias.

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Visit | 02/27/2018 | 8:15 pm