Why is the Tamil language not becoming modern

 

 

 

 

The oldest surviving texts include a treatise on grammar and poetics (the Tolkkappiyam), collections of "heroic" poetry (Puram) and a highly developed love poem (Akam), which with its dense and almost hermetic nature symbolism, its almost sparingly concise style of language and its treatment of the poetic subject has both archaic and seemingly modern features.

Tamil is not only one of the oldest written languages โ€‹โ€‹of the subcontinent, but - as it is often said by Tamils โ€‹โ€‹- also the only language of ancient Indian that is still vital and lively as the everyday language of an entire people.

This antiquity of the language is an important aspect of Tamil identity formation from today's indigenous perspective, mainly because the Tamil language, sometimes personified as a quasi-divine, Sarasvati-like "Mother Tamil" (Tamilt Taay), in the course of intellectual history Development became the central symbol of the national identity of this south Indian people.

The basic ideological features of this national identity formation include, for example, a frequent tendency towards exclusivism towards a "Brahmanic" or "Aryan" culture, which is often portrayed as untamil and a North Indian foreign import, as well as a somewhat precarious inclusivism with regard to the other Dravidian language groups or Cultures of South Asia. Lines of definition such as these shaped not only the anti-Rahman nationalist and social reform movements from the second decade of the last century, but on another level also the cultural nationalist "Tamil only" reform movement (Tanittamiliyakkam), which emerged roughly parallel to this, with its claim to the Tamil of To clean up Sanskrit verbal material and thereby, as it is sometimes called, to restore it to its old splendor. Such developments in the history of ideas both caused and were based on a reinterpretation of one's own national (Tamil) history: a reorganization of its narrative thread, a reassessment of sources and events, and sometimes even a continuation of this story against the timeline in a fantastic, quasi-neo-mythological prehistory superhuman beings and sunken continents.

Tamil literature is an important source of such historical drafts, and from a certain depth of time probably the most important source: it is almost the only trace that the language leaves as a central symbol of Tamility (tamilttuvam) on its way through time. Its history is closely linked to the history of the nation, and the discipline of its historiography obeys the same design and interpretation mechanisms. Thus, the dictum of the Italian literary historian Remo Ceserani also applies to them that literary history is the autobiographical novel of a nation.