What does Aenaku mean in Japanese
Grammar for Beginners: The Te Form
The bogeyman of every beginner to learn Japanese. The Te shape.
I admit, you will not remember the formation of the individual forms from now on. But it's not that difficult. The best thing to do is to memorize an example verb for each form. But first of all, a few hints on how to use it and how you actually form the Te shape.
The Te form - its use
(You can find a detailed explanation in the video below, including examples.)
You need this special form of the verb for different grammatical sentence constructions, e.g. to use several verbs in a row in a sentence (I ate an apple and then I wrote a letter) - you can only use the と for nouns / nouns ( Example bread and egg パ ン と た ま ご). Furthermore, we can express that something is happening right now, describe a state, make a request, ask for permission, etc.
Formation of the Te form
Now it is good if you have already learned the dictionary form (if not, sign up for my learning guide for beginners, you will also get grammar explanations for beginners) and know how to recognize a one-level or a five-level verb. The T-shape is formed differently depending on the verb group.
With the one-step verbs (e.g. 食 べ ま す, tabemasu, essen) it's very easy: Take the "masu" form and give away the ま す. Then you just need to attach the て to it. So 食 べ ま す becomes 食 べ て.
The five-step verbs require a little more memory work. First of all, you need the dictionary form. Then it is best to read (or listen to it is good) as often as possible through sentences where the T-shape occurs.
Here is a brief overview:
Verb ending with う 、 る 、 つ: っ て
Verb ending with む 、 ぬ 、 ぶ: ん で
Verb ending with す: し て
Verb ending with く 、 ぐ: replace with い and add a て to the ending く: く becomes い て (“ku” is a voiceless sound, which is why it becomes the equally voiceless sound “te”). In the case of ぐ (voiced sound), a Laut (voiced sound) is appended instead of the て.ぐ becomes い で
Exception: 行 く 行 っ て
And our "normal" exceptions come and do? They are relatively tame:
来 る 来 (き) て
す る し て
The で す also has a Te form: で
The explanatory video, including examples:
Further notes on the Te form
The T-form alone does not say anything about the time in which the sentence stands, that is only decided by the appendage or, if there are several verbs in a sentence, the verb that comes at the end.
A wonderful exercise: go through the book and write down all the verbs again and write down the Te form. So you can repeat vocabulary again right away. And the best then is a sentence with each verb (of course in the T-form). Here we go.
And so that you can memorize this really important grammar point even more easily, I have it here Te form song for you (be careful, it is sung in dialect:
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