What is Amazon Mechanical Turk

Mechanical Turk: The artificial, artificial intelligence

The idea behind the Amazon project is to supplement the machine-generated intelligence of program-controlled computers with the knowledge handled by humans. The usual principle of cooperation between man and machine, according to which the user gives the computer an instruction, the computer executes it and then displays the result, is reversed in the Mechanical Turk. Here the computer gives the human user a task that he can process for money. The knowledge units generated in this way, which the Mechanical Turk website calls "HITs" for "Human Intelligence Tasks", are stored in an organized manner and serve as the basis for a database from which, thanks to artificial intelligence, gradually more complex questions are automatically answered should be.

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Amazon Mechanical Turk For interested participants who make their knowledge available and want to receive a sum of money for it, the process consists of three steps: The registered user selects a suitable task from the listed tasks. The person responsible for the task has determined in advance what amount he is willing to pay for their completion. With one click, the editor accepts a task, for example identifying an object on a picture or writing a title for an entry in an online car catalog. All sorts of things that can be done on a computer with an Internet connection come into consideration for tasks.

After the task has been completed, the person responsible for the task must confirm that he is satisfied with the result delivered, and the agreed amount will be credited to his account. Participation is currently limited to users with a personal account with a US bank.

A web programming interface is available to developers with which they can submit tasks (HITs) from their own application to the Mechanical Turk project. The results generated by the employees active there are returned via the interface so that the programmer can further process the answers given in his application. The "Mechanical Turk" then receives a commission.

The namesake was once a machine in the shape of a life-size Turk sitting in front of a game board. This chess-playing mechanical marvel, consisting of wheels, levers and moving parts, was developed around 1769 by Wolfgang von Kempelen, a high official at the court of Maria Theresa, the Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. At a time when he was beginning to be in love with technology, the chess Turk was an early model for building a thinking machine.

The way the chess Turk from Hofrat von Kempelen worked was based on a deception, as the inventor had always emphasized. Today it is almost certain that a short person who was an excellent chess player must have sat in the construction [by Ulrich Wolf]