Are there sig figs in APES

Habitat and food choice

Behavioral Biology pp 145-195 | Cite as

Part of the Springer textbook book series (SLB)


Every animal has to consume food regularly in order to guarantee the energetic basis for growth, maintenance of basic functions and reproduction. Hence the search, selection, defense and ingestion of food in the behavioral repertoire of most species play an important role in everyday survival. An individual must first choose a suitable habitat and search for food in it. When choosing the feeding place, the risk of predation on the one hand and the intensity of food competition by conspecifics on the other hand must be taken into account. In this context, an animal must also decide whether to defend its food resources against competitors. Once a suitable feeding place has been found, the question arises as to how long it should be used before looking for a new one. When eating in one place, an animal must also decide which of the available food units it will choose and actually use. In this context, there are numerous interactions between animals and plants, with far-reaching evolutionary consequences. Whether a species itself acts as a predator and / or prey in the food pyramid also has a number of consequences for its respective social behavior (→ Section 6.3).

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