Why does RGV praise Vijay Deverakonda

encyclopedia

Indian film industry in Telugu language

Telugu cinema, often known as Tollywoodis the segment of Indian cinema dedicated to the production of films in the Telugu language and is widespread in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The Telugu Cinema is located in Film Nagar, a district of Hyderabad, India.[5] Since 1909, the filmmaker Raghupathi Venkaiah was involved in the production of short films and traveled to various regions of Asia to promote film work. In 1921 he produced the silent film Bhishma Pratigna.[6] He is cited as the father of Telugu cinema.[7][8][9]

In 1933 the East India Film Company produced its first Indian film, Savitri in Telugu. The film is based on a popular play by Mylavaram Bala Bharathi Samajam directed by the father of the “Telugu Theater Movement” Chittajallu Pullaiah and the cast of stage actors Vemuri Gaggaiah and Dasari Ramathilakam as “Yama” and “Savithri” respectively.[10] The film was shot on an estimated budget of £ 1 million ($ 14,000) in Calcutta.[11] It received an honorary diploma at the 2nd Venice International Film Festival.[12]

Pathala Bhairavi (1951) was the only South Indian film to be shown at the first India International Film Festival.[13][14]Pathala Bhairavi (1951), Malliswari (1951), Devadasu (1953), Mayan Bazaar (1957), Nartanasala (1963), Maro Charitra (1978), Maa Bhoomi (1979), Sankarabharanam (1980), Sagara Sangamam (1983) and Siva (1989) were presented under CNN-IBNs 100 Greatest Indian Movies of All Time.[15]

Parallels such as B. Narsing Rao's ethnographic film Maa Ooru 1992 won the “Main Prize - Media Wave Award” of Hungarian fine arts.[16][17]KNT Sastry’s Thilaadanam received the “New Currents Award” at the 7th Busan International Film Festival.[18][19]K. Viswanaths Swati Mutyam was India's official entry at the 59th Academy Awards. Rajnesh Domalpalli Vanaja was at the “23. American Independent Spirit Awards ”nominated for“ Best First Feature ”and“ Best Cinematography ”awards.[20][21]

SS Rajamouli's epic film Baahubali: The beginningwas awarded for the “42. American Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film ”nominated. The second installment, The Conclusion is the only Indian film that won the “44. American Saturn Awards ”has received the“ Best International Film ”.[22] Produced by the Tollywood studio Arka Media Works, it is the most successful Indian film of all time in India.[23]

History

Early development

The Telugu film industry was founded in 1912 with silent films, with the production and release of Anusha Adusumalli in 1921
[25] The film was directed by Raghupathi Venkaiah and his son RS Prakash.[26] On the other hand, YV Rao and RS Prakash have established a longstanding priority in focusing solely on religious issues. Nandanar, Gajendra Moksham, and Matsyavatar, three of her best-known productions that focus on religious figures, parables, and morals.[27] The first film studio in South India, Durga Cinetone, was built in 1936 by Nidamarthi Surayya in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh.[28] In 1935, Andhra Cine Tone was built in Visakhapatnam by Gottumukkala Jagannadha Raju. With the film from 1935 he introduced the digital theater sound Jagadamba.[29]

Rise of the "Talkie" [edit]

The first Telugu film with audible dialogue, Bhakta Prahladawas produced by HM Reddy, who directed the first bilingual (Telugu and Tamil) talkie Kalidas (1931). Bhakta Prahlada was completed on September 15, 1931,[30] henceforth known as “Telugu Film Day” to commemorate its completion.[31][32][33] Popularly known as talkies, films with sound quickly grew in number and popularity. In 1934 the industry experienced its first major commercial success Lavakusa. Directed by C. Pullaiah, with Parupalli Subbarao and Sriranjani in the lead roles, the film drew unprecedented audiences to theaters and brought the emerging industry into mainstream culture.[34] By 1936, the mass appeal of film allowed directors to move away from religious and mythological subjects.[34] This year under the direction of Krithiventi Nageswara Rao, Prema Vijayam, a film about social issues, has been released. Its success led to the production of dozens of other hugely successful "social films", particularly those of the 1939s VandemataramTelugu films touched societal issues such as the practice of dowry and increasingly focused on contemporary life: 29 of the 96 films released between 1937 and 1947 had social themes.[35]

Cinema during the crown rule [edit]

In 1938 Gudavalli Ramabrahmam co-produced and directed the social problem film. Mala Pilla The film with Kanchanamala dealt with the crusade against untouchability that prevailed in pre-independent India.[37][38] In 1939 he headed Raithu Biddawith the spy Bellary Raghava. The film was banned in the region by the British government because it portrayed the peasant uprising under the Zamindar during the British Raj.[39]
1940 film, Viswa Mohiniis the first Indian film to show the Indian film world. The film was directed by YV Rao and directed by Balijepalli Lakshmikanta Kavi with superstar V. Nagaiah. Rao subsequently made the sequel films Savithri and Sathyabhama (1941–42) Casting of the spy Sthanam Narasimha Rao.[40][41]

The outbreak of World War II and the subsequent scarcity of resources led the British Raj to limit the use of film strips to 11,000 feet in 1943.[42] a sharp reduction from the 20,000 feet that were common up until then.[43] As a result, the number of films produced during the war was much lower than in previous years. Before the ban, however, there was a major shift in the industry: independent studios were formed, actors and actresses were contracted to limit who they could work for, and films switched from social issues to folklore legends.[44]Ghantasala Balaramayya directed the mythological Sea Tarama Jananam under his own production Prathiba Picture, which marked the 1944 Telugu film debut of veteran Akkineni Nageswara Rao.[45]

Classic cinema and the golden age [edit]

Malliswari is the first Telugu film released in Beijing on March 14, 1953 with thirteen prints and Chinese subtitles. 16mm film print has also been shown in the US.[46][47] The film was honored by Bommireddy Narasimha Reddy, who won the Dada Saheb Phalke Award, and the Doctor of Letters.[47]

The industry is one of the largest producers of folklore, fantasy, mythology and melodrama films.[48][49][50] Filmmakers like Kadiri Venkata Reddy, B. Vittalacharya and Kodi Ramakrishna started this genre.[51][52] 1956 Film Tenali Ramakrishna received the All India Certificate of Merit for best feature film. In the 2013 IBN Live poll, Mayabazar was named the greatest Indian film of all time.[53]

Relangi and Ramana Reddy were a comedy one-two punch during this period.[54]Nartanasala won the Best Art Direction Award at the Afro-Asian Film Festival in Jakarta.[55]Donga Ramudu Directed by KV Reddy has been archived in the Film and Television Institute of India curriculum.[56]Nammina Bantu received critical acclaim at the San Sebastián International Film Festival.[57][58] In 1967 the film Ummadi Kutumbam was selected by the Film Federation of India as one of its contributions to the Moscow Film Festival.[56][59] The cult classic Sudigundalu from 1968 was shown at the film festivals in Tashkent and Moscow.[60]

Rise of Tollywood [edit]

Moola Narayana Swamy and BN Reddy founded Vijaya Vauhini Studios in Chennai in 1948.[65]The Indian film doyen LV Prasad, with whom he began his film career Bhakta Prahladafounded Prasad Studios in Chennai in 1956.[66] However, through the efforts of DVS Raju, the Telugu film industry completely relocated its base from Chennai to Hyderabad in the early 1990s during the political reign of NT Rama Rao.[67]

Veteran actor Akkineni Nageswara Rao moved to Hyderabad and developed Annapurna Studios. The Telugu film industry is one of the three largest film producers in India. About 245 Telugu films were produced in 2006, the highest in India that year. The film studios in Hyderabad developed by D. Ramanaidu and Ramoji Rao are involved in productive film production and employment.[68]
The Indian film industry is pretty widespread. Many successful Telugu films have been largely re-shot by the Bengali cinema and Hindi film industries.[69]

Marketed by Southern Digital Screenz (SDS), digital cinema network company UFO Moviez has digitized several cinemas in the region.[70][71]
Telangana Film and Television Institute, Andhra Pradesh Film and Television Institute, Ramanaidu Film School, and Annapurna International School of Film and Media are some of the largest film schools in India.[72][73] The Telugu states consist of approximately 2,800 theaters, the largest number of movie theaters in any state in India.[74]

The industry holds the Guinness World Record for the world's largest film production facility, Ramoji Film City.[75] The Prasad's IMAX Hyderabad is home to one of the largest 3D IMAX screens and the most visited cinema screen in the world.[76][77][78] According to the 2014 CBFC report, the industry ranks first in India in terms of films produced annually.[79] The industry has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Motion Picture Association of America to combat video piracy.[80][81][82] In 2005, 2006, 2008 and 2014 the industry produced the largest number of films in India, surpassing the number of films produced in Bollywood.[83][68]

Known for its commercial consistency,[84] Telugu cinema had its influence on commercial cinema in India.[85] Telugu film production accounts for one percent of the region's gross domestic product.[84][86][87] The 1992 film Gharana Mogudu directed by K. Raghavendra Rao is the first Telugu film to pass £ 10 crore at the box office.[88]

Distribution on the world markets [edit]

Athadu was published in the US with 6 prints and distributed by Vishnu Mudda and Soma Kancherla of Crown DVD Distribution Company in San Jose, Dallas, Detroit, Virginia, New Jersey, Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, Boston, Minneapolis, Phoenix in Arizona and also at centers like Lowell in Massachusetts, MA, Tulsa in Oklahoma, West Virginia, Springfield, Boulder in Colorado, and Corpus Christi in South Texas. Due to the demand, another print was imported from India for screening.[89][90] The first US film screening took place on the night of August 11, 2005 at 13 Cine Plaza in North Bergen.[91] A special screening was conducted in Connecticut on August 19, 2005. One show was originally planned, but another show was shown due to demand. There in the theater a number of 442 people were observed, including a standing audience for 434 seats, and about 60 could not be accommodated.[92] Aside from the US, the film was released on select screens in the UK, Singapore, Germany and Australia.[90]

Bommarillu was published worldwide with 72 prints. Due to its success, the number of roles increased to about a hundred.[93] It garnered a sales share of £ 5 crore in its opening week in India.[93] The film was released in six major US metros and raised $ 73,200 (approximately £ 0.3 crore at the time) within the first four days of screening.[93] A 2006 survey by a popular US entertainment portal found the film had been viewed by an immigrant Indian population of 65,000, representing sales of £ 3 crore at the time.[94] Cumulative gross sales for the film were reported as £ 25 crore including £ 3.5 crore from overseas, the largest of all Telugu films at the time. Because of this groundbreaking trade, the film was re-shot in Tamil, Bengali, Oriya and Urdu / Hindi.[95] 2006 action film, Pokiri was remade in the following two years due to the film's commercial success in Hindi, Tamil, and Kannada. It was shown at the 2006 IIFA film festival in Dubai.
[96]Walt Disney Pictures is a co-producer Anaganaga O DheeruduThis makes it Disney's first South Indian production.[97][98]Dookudu was released under seventy-nine screens in the United States Los Angeles times cited it as The biggest hit you've never heard of.[99][100][101] In the rest of North, East and West India, it opened in 21 cities.[102] The film set a box office record by grossing over £ 1 billion at the time.[103][104]

Worldwide distribution of Baahubali 2: The Conclusion on the Qube Wire platform
DistributorlanguagesAreas
Great Indian filmsAllUSA and Canada
Sarigama cinemaAllEurope and Ireland
MSK film productionTelugu, Tamil, MalayalamMalaysia, Singapore and Sri Lanka
AA Films Pvt. GmbH.HindiAll over the world except USA and Canada
Hasini EntertainmentTelugu, Tamil, MalayalamGreat Britain and Ireland
Phars Films Co LLCTelugu, Tamil, MalayalamMiddle East
Southern Star InternationalTelugu, Tamil, MalayalamAustralia and New Zealand

Post-classical cinema [edit]

Bapus directing company Sakshi was presented at the Tashkent International Film Festival in 1968.[105] In 1976 he directed Sita Kalyanam was critically acclaimed at the BFI London Film Festival and the Chicago International Film Festival and is part of the curriculum at the British Film Institute.[106][107] Pan-Indian film Oka Oori Katha (1977) won special awards at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival and the Carthage Film Festival.[108]

Sankarabharanam won the Public Prize at the Besançon Film Festival in France in 1981.[109]B. Narsing Rao written and produced Maa Bhoomi which was presented at the Karlovy Vary Film Festival and the Cork Film Festivals. He instructed Daasi “(Bonded Woman)” and Matti Manushulu “(Mud People)”, which was awarded the Diploma of Merit at the 16th and 17th Moscow International Film Festival in 1989 and 1991.[110]MV Raghus neorealistic film Callu (1988), written by Gollapudi Maruti Rao, received 30 state awards and was featured by the CBFC jury.[111][112]

Vanaja (2006). won several international awards, including first prize in the live-action feature film category at the Chicago International Children's Film Festival.[113]dream (2012) received the Royal Reel Award at the Canada International Film Festival.[114][115][116] 2013 social problem film, Naa Bangaaru Talli won the award for best film at the Trinity International Film Festival in Detroit and four awards at the Indonesian International Film Festival.[117][118][119]

In 2014 the film Minugurulu was selected as Best Indian Film on the 9th. India International Children's Film Festival, held in Bangalore.[120] 2013 cultural film, oh friend, the wait! received a special mention at the Erase borders Classical Dance Festival, Indo-American Arts Council, New York, 2013.[121] 2014 movie Parampara collected that Platinum Award for the best feature at the International Indonesian Movie Awards.[122] The 2018 biographical film Mahanati, based on the life of seasoned actress Savitri, won the Equality in Cinema Award at the 2018 Melbourne Indian Film Festival.[123]

New Tollywood [edit]

Ram Gopal Varmas Siva, which achieved cult status in Telugu cinema, is one of the first Telugu films produced after the Telugu film industry migrated from Madras to Hyderabad and features characters who speak the Telangana dialect.[124][125] Varma has been credited with introducing steadicams and new sound recording techniques to Telugu films.[126] Within a year of the film's release, more than ten steadicams were imported into India.Siva attracted young audiences during its theatrical release, and its success encouraged filmmakers to explore a variety of subjects and make experimental Telugu films.[129]

Then Varma introduced the Indian screen with Roadmovie and Film-Noir Kshana Kshanam. Varma experimented with lifelike performances from the main characters that gave a more fictional plot a sense of authenticity when the industry was filled with unnecessary commercial fillers.[130] A cult developed in South India[131] with a dubbed Hindi version entitled Hairaan published on positive reports from Bollywood critics, the Ann Arbor Film Festival and the Friborg Festival.[132][133]

Singeetam Srinivasa Rao brought science fiction to Telugu silver screen with Aditya 369. The film dealt with exploratory dystopian and apocalyptic topics.[134] The edge of the sitting thriller had characters that remained human, inconsistent, and insecure. The narration of the film takes the audience into the post-apocalyptic experience through time travel as well as into the folklore generation of AD 1500, who, including a romantic backstory, made the “Time Machine” a brilliant work of fiction.[135][136][137]

Chiranjeevi's works like the comedy thriller, Chantabbai, the Vigilante thriller, Kondaveeti Donga the first Telugu film released on 70mm 6-track stereophonic sound,[138] the western thriller Kodama Simhamand the action thriller, Gang leader, popular genre films with the highest estimated traffic.[139] Reddiff.com cited Sekhar Kammula's “Dollar Dreams”, which won the National Award, as the starting shot for Nagesh Kukunoor's Hyderabad Blues.[140] Dollar Dreams explored the conflict between American dreams and human feelings. The film brought social realism back to Telugu's silver screen and brought back its lost glory that until then was stuck in the mill's commercial kettles.[141]

Sub-genres and off-beat films [edit]

Screenwriters like Chandra Sekhar Yeleti experimented with the off-beat film Aithe, entitled "All films are not created equal". Aithe was shot on a tight budget of around 1.5 crores and collected over 6 crores. After almost two years he delivered another thriller Anukokunda Oka Roju Both films were a refreshing change for the audience, produced by Gunnam Gangaraju.[142]
AIthe was made as new in Tamil Naam (2003) and in Malayalam as Searched (2004).[143]

Filmmaker Shekhar Kapur spoke at the CII Media and Entertainment Summit 2012 on the 100th anniversary of Indian cinema and said regional cinema surpasses Hindi cinema in content and history Eega as an an example. Kapur said he was impressed with its story and the use of technology, calling it "nothing less than a Hollywood superhero movie".[144]Shah Rukh Khan called Eega An “incredibly original” film and a “must” with children.[145][146] Eega has collected Best movie to see with a crowd at the 8th Annual Toronto After Dark Film Festival.[147]

The subgenre war drama Kanche by Krish Jagarlamudi investigated the 1944 attack by the Nazis on the Indian army in the Italian campaign during World War II in an exciting background story of casteism and gave it a technically brilliant cinematic representation.[148]Sankalp Reddy explored submarine warfare in his directorial debut The Ghazi Attack, based on the mysterious clash between PNS Ghazi and INS Karanj during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.[149]

The Indo-Asian News Service described Arjun Reddy, Sandeep Vanga's new generation filmmaker, as “the most original, experimental work to come from Telugu cinema in a long time” and said the protagonist (played by Vijay Deverakonda) “is rising, falls and rises "... is nothing short of poetic and heartbreaking".[150]Adivi Sesh wrote the neo-noir Kshanam based on a real-life incident of a missing three-year-old girl.[151] Sesh followed with the RAW thriller Goodachari.[152] The actor-dancer Allu Arjun produced and starred in the short film I am that change (2014) to spread awareness of individual social responsibility. The film was directed by Sukumar and was shown in theaters in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana on Indian Independence Day 2014.[153]

Cast and crew [edit]

V. Nagaiah was one of the most influential actors in South Indian cinema.[154]Vemuri Gaggaiah, Kalyanam Raghuramaiah, R. Nageswara Rao, CSR Anjaneyulu, Yadavalli Suryanarayana, CH Narayana Rao, Mudigonda Lingamurthy, etc. are some of the best method actors during the golden era.[155]SV Ranga Rao was one of the first South Indian actors to win the Best Actor Award for his portrayal of Kichaka in Nartanasala at the Indonesian Film Festival in Jakarta.[156][157]NT Rama Rao was one of the commercially successful Telugu actors of his time.[158]KNT Sastry and Pattabhirama Reddy have received international recognition for their pioneering work in Parallel Cinema.[159][160]Adurthi Subba Rao has received seven National Film Awards for his pioneering work with drama films.[161]Akkineni Kutumba Raos Patha Nagaramlo Pasivadu received the Cairo International Film Festival's Certificate of Merit for Best Feature.[162][163]

Dasari Narayana Rao made most of the films in Telugu, including works such as Meghasandesam (1982), Tandra Paparayudu (1986) Casting Krishnam Raju and Edge Koothurne canoe (1998).[164]Krishna Ghattamaneni is credited with producing many technological innovations, including the first Cinemascope film, Alluri Seetharama Raju, the first 70mm film Simhasanam, first DTS film Telugu Veera Levara (1988) and Introducing Cowboy and James Bond Styles to Telugu Screen.[165]Jandhyala is known for his dramedy films.[166] Well-known state film editor A. Sreekar Prasad, best known for his earliest work in Telugu films in the 1980s, has received national recognition for editing in several languages ​​of Indian cinema.[167]

NT Rama Rao, SV Ranga Rao, Jaggayya, Kanta Rao, Bhanumathi Ramakrishna, Anjali Devi, Suryakantam, Savitri, Krishnam Raju and Sobhan Babu are the actors who received the previous Rashtrapati Award for Best Performance in a Leading Role.[168][169]Nagarjuna Akkineni, Sharada, Archana, Vijayashanti, Rohini, Keerthy Suresh, and PL Narayana are the actors who will receive the Indian National Film Award for Best Performance in Acting. The experienced actor Chiranjeevi was listed by IBN-live India under “The men who changed the face of Indian cinema”.[170][171]Brahmanandam holds a Guinness World Record for most films in the same language.[172][173]

Cinematography [edit]

Cameramen such as VN Reddy, KS Prasad, Jaya Gummadi, Sudhakar Yakkanti and C. Rajendra Prasad have gained national recognition.[174][175][176]

Film critics and jury members [edit]

Vasiraju Prakasam and KNT Sastry are one of the most famous Indian film critics in the state.[177][178]BS Narayana was a member of the Indian delegation to the Tashkent Film Festival in 1974 and the Moscow International Film Festival in 1975.[179]Gummadi Venkateswara Rao served as an official member of the Indian delegation from South India to the Tashkent Film Festival 1978 and 1982.[180] He was a jury member three times for the 28th, 33rd and 39th National Film Awards. Chandra Siddhartha was a member of the South Jury at the 57th, 61st and 65th National Film Awards and at the 49th IFFI.[181][182]

Film music [edit]

Sri Sri was one of the most influential film writers of his time, receiving national awards such as the Sahitya Akademi Award, the Best Lyricist and the Soviet Land Nehru Award for his pioneering work.[183][184]Susarla Dakshinamurthi, Parupalli Ramakrishnaiah Pantulu, Ogirala Ramachandra Rao, Pithapuram Nageswara Rao, Tanguturi Suryakumari and Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna are some of the most influential musical composers in South Indian cinema.[185][186][187] Musical composers such as Pendyala Nageswara Rao, R. Sudarshanam and R. Goverdhanam made contributions to folklore and mythological films.[188][189]

Madhavapeddi Satyam, P. Adinarayana Rao, Gali Penchala Narasimha Rao, Chellapilla Satyam, PB Sreenivas, SP Kodandapani, GK Venkatesh, and S. Hanumantha Rao have contributed extensively to films with topics of social relevance.[190]SP Balasubrahmanyam is a multilingual playback singer from Telugu cinema who won the National Film Awards in four languages. He has a record of recording more songs than any other male play singer and has received 25 state Nandi Awards.[191]

S. Rajeswara Rao pioneered the use of light music in Telugu cinema. Rao's most rewarding assignments came from Gemini Studios, which he joined in 1940 and stayed with for a decade.[192]Ghantasala, performed in the USA, England and Germany. According to The Hindu, and The Indian Express he was “such a divine talent and with his songs he could move people's hearts. Ghantasala's mixture of classical improvisation with the art of light music, combined with his virtuosity and sensitivity, sets him apart from all others in the field of. " Sing playback ”.[193][194]

Fr Susheela, was recognized by both Guinness Book of Records and the Asia Book of Records for singing most of the songs in Indian languages.[195] She has also received five national film awards for best playback singer and numerous state awards.[196] Works by S. Janaki, MM Keeravani and Ramesh Naidu have received national recognition. The multi-instrumentalist duo Raj-Koti have had a remarkable career for over a decade. The duo has received special recognition for redefining contemporary music.[197][198]RP Patnaik is the current President of the Telugu Cine Music Association.[199]

Visual effects [edit]

Improved technology in live-action animation, digital compositing, and special effects paved the way for an upgrade from established film standards. High fantasy works based on visual effects such as Magadheera (2009), Arundhati (2009), Eega (2012) and Dhamarukam (2012) tasted success.[200] Pete Draper, PC Sanath, Chakri Toleti, and V. Srinivas Mohan are some of the state visual effects experts known for their work in Telugu films.[200][201]

Nandi Awards [edit]

The Nandi Awards are the best-known government-sponsored awards ceremony for excellence in the production of Telugu film, theater and television. It is presented annually at Lalitha Kala Thoranam in Hyderabad,[202] from the film, television and theater development company of the Telugu State (s).[203] “Nandi” means “bull”. The awards were named after the large granite bull in Lepakshi - a cultural and historical symbol of Telugu culture.

Guinness Records [edit]

  • Ramoji Film City, Hyderabad, was awarded the Guinness Record as the largest film studio complex in the world. It was opened in 1996 and measures 674 hectares. With 47 sound stages, it has permanent sets that range from train stations to temples.[75][204]
  • D.Rama Naidu holds the Guinness World Record as the most productive producer with 130 films.[205]
  • Dasari Narayana Rao holds the Guinness World Record as most films with 151 films.[206]
  • Brahmanandam holds the Guinness World Record for most films in a single language, over 1000 films.[172][173][207]
  • SP Balasubramanyam holds the Guinness World Record for singing the most songs for a male playback singer in the world.[208][209][210] sung with most of his songs in Telugu.
  • In 2002, the Guinness Book of Records named Vijaya Nirmala the Most Motion Picture Director after making 47 films. In a career spanning approximately two decades, she has appeared in over 200 films, 25 each in Malayalam and Tamil, and has produced 15 films.[211]
  • In 2016, P.Susheela won the Guinness Book of World Record for singing the highest number of songs for any female singer.[212]

Dubbed films [edit]

The 1949 film Keelu Gurram was the first Telugu film to be dubbed into the Tamil language and subsequently released under the name Maya Kudhirai.[46] According to the Andhra Pradesh Chamber of Commerce, “According to the Supreme Court ruling in Ashirwad Films in WP (Civil) No. 709, there will be no difference in the taxation of films between the dubbed films from other states and the films made in the Telugu states ".[213]

National award for the best feature film [edit]

Dadasaheb Phalke Prize Winner [edit]

State awards [edit]

South Indian Film Awards [edit]

Regional awards [edit]

Large film studios [edit]

Visual effects and animation studios [edit]

See also [edit]

References [edit]

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